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Title: Evolution of the electron cyclotron drift instability in two-dimensions

Abstract

The Electron Cyclotron Drift Instability driven by the electron E × B drift in partially magnetized plasmas is investigated with highly resolved particle-in-cell simulations. The emphasis is on two-dimensional effects involving the parallel dynamics along the magnetic field in a finite length plasma with dielectric walls. It is found that the instability develops as a sequence of growing cyclotron harmonics demonstrating wave breaking and complex nonlinear interactions, being particularly pronounced in ion density fluctuations at short wavelengths. At the same time, nonlinear evolution of fluctuations of the ion and electron density, as well as the anomalous electron current, shows cascade toward long wavelengths. Tendency to generate long wavelength components is most clearly observed in the spectra of the electron density and the anomalous current fluctuations. An intense but slowly growing mode with a distinct eigen-mode structure along the magnetic field develops at a later nonlinear stage enhancing the tendency toward long wavelength condensation. Furthermore, the latter mode having a finite wavelength along the magnetic field is identified as the Modified Two-Stream Instability (MTSI). It is shown that the MTSI mode results in strong parallel heating of electrons.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)
  2. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  3. Princeton Univ./Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1543865
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 8]; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Physics

Citation Formats

Janhunen, Salomon, Smolyakov, Andrei, Sydorenko, Dmytro, Jimenez, Marilyn, Kaganovich, Igor, and Raitses, Yevgeny. Evolution of the electron cyclotron drift instability in two-dimensions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5033896.
Janhunen, Salomon, Smolyakov, Andrei, Sydorenko, Dmytro, Jimenez, Marilyn, Kaganovich, Igor, & Raitses, Yevgeny. Evolution of the electron cyclotron drift instability in two-dimensions. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5033896.
Janhunen, Salomon, Smolyakov, Andrei, Sydorenko, Dmytro, Jimenez, Marilyn, Kaganovich, Igor, and Raitses, Yevgeny. Tue . "Evolution of the electron cyclotron drift instability in two-dimensions". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5033896. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543865.
@article{osti_1543865,
title = {Evolution of the electron cyclotron drift instability in two-dimensions},
author = {Janhunen, Salomon and Smolyakov, Andrei and Sydorenko, Dmytro and Jimenez, Marilyn and Kaganovich, Igor and Raitses, Yevgeny},
abstractNote = {The Electron Cyclotron Drift Instability driven by the electron E × B drift in partially magnetized plasmas is investigated with highly resolved particle-in-cell simulations. The emphasis is on two-dimensional effects involving the parallel dynamics along the magnetic field in a finite length plasma with dielectric walls. It is found that the instability develops as a sequence of growing cyclotron harmonics demonstrating wave breaking and complex nonlinear interactions, being particularly pronounced in ion density fluctuations at short wavelengths. At the same time, nonlinear evolution of fluctuations of the ion and electron density, as well as the anomalous electron current, shows cascade toward long wavelengths. Tendency to generate long wavelength components is most clearly observed in the spectra of the electron density and the anomalous current fluctuations. An intense but slowly growing mode with a distinct eigen-mode structure along the magnetic field develops at a later nonlinear stage enhancing the tendency toward long wavelength condensation. Furthermore, the latter mode having a finite wavelength along the magnetic field is identified as the Modified Two-Stream Instability (MTSI). It is shown that the MTSI mode results in strong parallel heating of electrons.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5033896},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = [8],
volume = [25],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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