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Title: Dynamical insights into the mechanism of a droplet detachment from a fiber

Abstract

Quantifying the detachment behavior of a droplet from a fiber is important in many applications such as fog harvesting, oil–water separation, or water management in fuel cells. When the droplets are forcibly removed from hydrophilic fibers, the ease of detachment strongly depends on droplet volume and the rate of the process controlled by the applied force. Experiments, conducted on a ferrofluid under magnetic force, as well as continuum level calculations from fluid mechanics have so far been unable to resolve the time-dependent dynamics of droplet detachment and, most importantly, to assess the role of the applied force as the key determinant of the volume of the droplet residue remaining on the fiber after detachment. In the present work, we study the mechanism of water droplet detachment and retention of residual water on smooth hydrophilic fibers using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. We investigate how the applied force affects the breakup of a droplet and how the minimal detaching force per unit mass decreases with droplet size. We extract scaling relations that allow extrapolation of our findings to larger length scales that are not directly accessible by molecular models. We find that the volume of the residue on a fiber varies nonmonotonicallymore » with the detaching force, reaching the maximal size at an intermediate force and associated detachment time. The strength of this force decreases with the size of the drop, while the maximal residue increases with the droplet volume, V, sub-linearly, in proportion to the V 2/3.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1543817
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1471751
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0004406; SC 0004406]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Soft Matter
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 44]; Journal ID: ISSN 1744-683X
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Chemistry; Materials Science; Physics; Polymer Science

Citation Formats

Ojaghlou, Neda, Tafreshi, Hooman V., Bratko, Dusan, and Luzar, Alenka. Dynamical insights into the mechanism of a droplet detachment from a fiber. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/c8sm01257a.
Ojaghlou, Neda, Tafreshi, Hooman V., Bratko, Dusan, & Luzar, Alenka. Dynamical insights into the mechanism of a droplet detachment from a fiber. United States. doi:10.1039/c8sm01257a.
Ojaghlou, Neda, Tafreshi, Hooman V., Bratko, Dusan, and Luzar, Alenka. Mon . "Dynamical insights into the mechanism of a droplet detachment from a fiber". United States. doi:10.1039/c8sm01257a. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543817.
@article{osti_1543817,
title = {Dynamical insights into the mechanism of a droplet detachment from a fiber},
author = {Ojaghlou, Neda and Tafreshi, Hooman V. and Bratko, Dusan and Luzar, Alenka},
abstractNote = {Quantifying the detachment behavior of a droplet from a fiber is important in many applications such as fog harvesting, oil–water separation, or water management in fuel cells. When the droplets are forcibly removed from hydrophilic fibers, the ease of detachment strongly depends on droplet volume and the rate of the process controlled by the applied force. Experiments, conducted on a ferrofluid under magnetic force, as well as continuum level calculations from fluid mechanics have so far been unable to resolve the time-dependent dynamics of droplet detachment and, most importantly, to assess the role of the applied force as the key determinant of the volume of the droplet residue remaining on the fiber after detachment. In the present work, we study the mechanism of water droplet detachment and retention of residual water on smooth hydrophilic fibers using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. We investigate how the applied force affects the breakup of a droplet and how the minimal detaching force per unit mass decreases with droplet size. We extract scaling relations that allow extrapolation of our findings to larger length scales that are not directly accessible by molecular models. We find that the volume of the residue on a fiber varies nonmonotonically with the detaching force, reaching the maximal size at an intermediate force and associated detachment time. The strength of this force decreases with the size of the drop, while the maximal residue increases with the droplet volume, V, sub-linearly, in proportion to the V2/3.},
doi = {10.1039/c8sm01257a},
journal = {Soft Matter},
number = [44],
volume = [14],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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Cited by: 8 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Modulation of structure and dynamics of water under alternating electric field and the role of hydrogen bonding
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