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Title: Epitaxial Synthesis of Blue Phosphorene

Abstract

Phosphorene is a new 2D material composed of a single or few atomic layers of black phosphorus. Phosphorene has both an intrinsic tunable direct bandgap and high carrier mobility values, which make it suitable for a large variety of optical and electronic devices. However, the synthesis of single-layer phosphorene is a major challenge. The standard procedure to obtain phosphorene is by exfoliation. More recently, the epitaxial growth of single-layer phosphorene on Au(111) was investigated by molecular beam epitaxy and the obtained structure described as a blue phosphorene sheet. In the present study, large areas of high-quality monolayer phosphorene, with a bandgap value equal to at least 0.8 eV, are synthesized on Au(111). The experimental investigations, coupled with density functional theory calculations, give evidence of two distinct phases of blue phosphorene on Au(111), instead of one as previously reported, and their atomic structures are determined.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5]
  1. Université Paris-Sud Orsay (France). Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d'Orsay (ISMO-CNRS)
  2. L'Orme des Merisiers Saint-Aubin, Paris (France). (TEMPO) Beamline, Synchrotron (SOLEIL)
  3. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics
  4. Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris (France). Département de Chimie
  5. Université Paris-Sud Orsay (France). Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d'Orsay (ISMO-CNRS); Université de Cergy-Pontoise (France). Département de physique
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1543485
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1479818
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0007045; FG02-11ER16243
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 51; Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science; Physics

Citation Formats

Zhang, Wei, Enriquez, Hanna, Tong, Yongfeng, Bendounan, Azzedine, Kara, Abdelkader, Seitsonen, Ari P., Mayne, Andrew J., Dujardin, Gérald, and Oughaddou, Hamid. Epitaxial Synthesis of Blue Phosphorene. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/smll.201804066.
Zhang, Wei, Enriquez, Hanna, Tong, Yongfeng, Bendounan, Azzedine, Kara, Abdelkader, Seitsonen, Ari P., Mayne, Andrew J., Dujardin, Gérald, & Oughaddou, Hamid. Epitaxial Synthesis of Blue Phosphorene. United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201804066.
Zhang, Wei, Enriquez, Hanna, Tong, Yongfeng, Bendounan, Azzedine, Kara, Abdelkader, Seitsonen, Ari P., Mayne, Andrew J., Dujardin, Gérald, and Oughaddou, Hamid. Mon . "Epitaxial Synthesis of Blue Phosphorene". United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201804066. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543485.
@article{osti_1543485,
title = {Epitaxial Synthesis of Blue Phosphorene},
author = {Zhang, Wei and Enriquez, Hanna and Tong, Yongfeng and Bendounan, Azzedine and Kara, Abdelkader and Seitsonen, Ari P. and Mayne, Andrew J. and Dujardin, Gérald and Oughaddou, Hamid},
abstractNote = {Phosphorene is a new 2D material composed of a single or few atomic layers of black phosphorus. Phosphorene has both an intrinsic tunable direct bandgap and high carrier mobility values, which make it suitable for a large variety of optical and electronic devices. However, the synthesis of single-layer phosphorene is a major challenge. The standard procedure to obtain phosphorene is by exfoliation. More recently, the epitaxial growth of single-layer phosphorene on Au(111) was investigated by molecular beam epitaxy and the obtained structure described as a blue phosphorene sheet. In the present study, large areas of high-quality monolayer phosphorene, with a bandgap value equal to at least 0.8 eV, are synthesized on Au(111). The experimental investigations, coupled with density functional theory calculations, give evidence of two distinct phases of blue phosphorene on Au(111), instead of one as previously reported, and their atomic structures are determined.},
doi = {10.1002/smll.201804066},
journal = {Small},
number = 51,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 23 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Top and side view of black (a) and blue (b) phosphorene. Atoms in different planes are indicated with different colors (top darker/blue, bottom lighter/cyan). The unit cell of each structure is indicated in red.

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Effective thickness and mechanical properties of β-phases of two-dimensional pnictogen nanosheets
    journal, June 2019


    Effective thickness and mechanical properties of β-phases of two-dimensional pnictogen nanosheets
    journal, June 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.