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Title: Single-Domain Ferromagnet of Noncentrosymmetric Uniaxial Magnetic Ions and Magnetoelectric Interaction

Abstract

The feasibility of a single-domain ferromagnet based on uniaxial magnetic ions was examined. For a noncentrosymmetric uniaxial magnetic ion of magnetic moment μ at a site of local electric dipole moment p, it is unknown to date whether μ prefers to be parallel or antiparallel to μ. The nature of this magnetoelectric interaction was probed in terms of analogical reasoning based on the Rashba effect and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Here, we show that μ and p prefer an antiparallel arrangement, predict that Fe-doped CaZnOS is a single-domain ferromagnet like a bar magnet, and find the probable cause for the ferromagnetism and weak magnetization hysteresis in Fe-doped hexagonal ZnO and ZnS at very low dopant concentrations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Kyung Hee Univ., Seoul (Korea). Dept. of Chemistry and Research Inst. for Basic Sciences
  2. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Fuzhou (China). Fujian Inst. of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), State Key Lab. of Structural Chemistry, Group SDeng
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1543470
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1400475
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Angewandte Chemie (International Edition); Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 34; Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
chemistry; ferromagnets; loss of inversion symmetry; magnetoelectric interaction; spin-orbit coupling; uniaxial magnetic ion

Citation Formats

Koo, Hyun-Joo, Gordon, Elijah E., and Whangbo, Myung-Hwan. Single-Domain Ferromagnet of Noncentrosymmetric Uniaxial Magnetic Ions and Magnetoelectric Interaction. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/anie.201701699.
Koo, Hyun-Joo, Gordon, Elijah E., & Whangbo, Myung-Hwan. Single-Domain Ferromagnet of Noncentrosymmetric Uniaxial Magnetic Ions and Magnetoelectric Interaction. United States. doi:10.1002/anie.201701699.
Koo, Hyun-Joo, Gordon, Elijah E., and Whangbo, Myung-Hwan. Tue . "Single-Domain Ferromagnet of Noncentrosymmetric Uniaxial Magnetic Ions and Magnetoelectric Interaction". United States. doi:10.1002/anie.201701699. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543470.
@article{osti_1543470,
title = {Single-Domain Ferromagnet of Noncentrosymmetric Uniaxial Magnetic Ions and Magnetoelectric Interaction},
author = {Koo, Hyun-Joo and Gordon, Elijah E. and Whangbo, Myung-Hwan},
abstractNote = {The feasibility of a single-domain ferromagnet based on uniaxial magnetic ions was examined. For a noncentrosymmetric uniaxial magnetic ion of magnetic moment μ at a site of local electric dipole moment p, it is unknown to date whether μ prefers to be parallel or antiparallel to μ. The nature of this magnetoelectric interaction was probed in terms of analogical reasoning based on the Rashba effect and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Here, we show that μ and p prefer an antiparallel arrangement, predict that Fe-doped CaZnOS is a single-domain ferromagnet like a bar magnet, and find the probable cause for the ferromagnetism and weak magnetization hysteresis in Fe-doped hexagonal ZnO and ZnS at very low dopant concentrations.},
doi = {10.1002/anie.201701699},
journal = {Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)},
number = 34,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: MLn polyhedra (n = 2, 4, 6) containing uniaxial magnetic ions M, where cobalt spheres = M, and small spheres = L. The z-axis taken along the C3 rotational axis in b) – e).

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