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Title: Control of dopant crystallinity in electrochemically treated cuprate thin films

Abstract

We present a methodology based on ex situ (postgrowth) electrochemistry to control the oxygen concentration in thin films of the superconducting oxide La 2CuO 4+y grown epitaxially on substrates of isostructural LaSrAlO 4. The superconducting transition temperature, which depends on the oxygen concentration, can be tuned by adjusting the pH level of the base solution used for the electrochemical reaction. As our main finding, we demonstrate that the dopant oxygens can either occupy the interstitial layer in an orientationally disordered state or organize into a crystalline phase via a mechanism in which dopant oxygens are inserted into the substrate, changing the lattice symmetry of both the substrate and the epitaxial film. Finally, we discuss this mechanism, and we describe the resulting methodology as a platform to be explored in thin films of other transition-metal oxides.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany); Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie (HZB), (Germany). Wilhelm-Conrad-Röntgen-Campus BESSY II
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  4. Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL)
  6. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1543398
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1529698
Report Number(s):
BNL-211824-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953; PRMHAR
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-05-CH11231; AC02-76SF00515; 1047478
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Frano, A., Bluschke, M., Xu, Z., Frandsen, B., Lu, Y., Yi, M., Marks, R., Mehta, A., Borzenets, V., Meyers, D., Dean, M. P. M., Baiutti, F., Maier, J., Kim, G., Christiani, G., Logvenov, G., Benckiser, E., Keimer, B., and Birgeneau, R. J. Control of dopant crystallinity in electrochemically treated cuprate thin films. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.063803.
Frano, A., Bluschke, M., Xu, Z., Frandsen, B., Lu, Y., Yi, M., Marks, R., Mehta, A., Borzenets, V., Meyers, D., Dean, M. P. M., Baiutti, F., Maier, J., Kim, G., Christiani, G., Logvenov, G., Benckiser, E., Keimer, B., & Birgeneau, R. J. Control of dopant crystallinity in electrochemically treated cuprate thin films. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.063803.
Frano, A., Bluschke, M., Xu, Z., Frandsen, B., Lu, Y., Yi, M., Marks, R., Mehta, A., Borzenets, V., Meyers, D., Dean, M. P. M., Baiutti, F., Maier, J., Kim, G., Christiani, G., Logvenov, G., Benckiser, E., Keimer, B., and Birgeneau, R. J. Thu . "Control of dopant crystallinity in electrochemically treated cuprate thin films". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.063803.
@article{osti_1543398,
title = {Control of dopant crystallinity in electrochemically treated cuprate thin films},
author = {Frano, A. and Bluschke, M. and Xu, Z. and Frandsen, B. and Lu, Y. and Yi, M. and Marks, R. and Mehta, A. and Borzenets, V. and Meyers, D. and Dean, M. P. M. and Baiutti, F. and Maier, J. and Kim, G. and Christiani, G. and Logvenov, G. and Benckiser, E. and Keimer, B. and Birgeneau, R. J.},
abstractNote = {We present a methodology based on ex situ (postgrowth) electrochemistry to control the oxygen concentration in thin films of the superconducting oxide La2CuO4+y grown epitaxially on substrates of isostructural LaSrAlO4. The superconducting transition temperature, which depends on the oxygen concentration, can be tuned by adjusting the pH level of the base solution used for the electrochemical reaction. As our main finding, we demonstrate that the dopant oxygens can either occupy the interstitial layer in an orientationally disordered state or organize into a crystalline phase via a mechanism in which dopant oxygens are inserted into the substrate, changing the lattice symmetry of both the substrate and the epitaxial film. Finally, we discuss this mechanism, and we describe the resulting methodology as a platform to be explored in thin films of other transition-metal oxides.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.063803},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
number = 6,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    journal, October 1993

    • Demourgues, A.; Weill, F.; Darriet, B.
    • Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 106, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1006/jssc.1993.1292

    Intercalation and staging behavior in super-oxygenated La2CuO4 + δ
    journal, December 1996

    • Wells, B. O.; Birgeneau, R. J.; Chou, F. C.
    • Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter, Vol. 100, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s002570050158

    Oxide-based RRAM materials for neuromorphic computing
    journal, February 2018

    • Hong, XiaoLiang; Loy, Desmond JiaJun; Dananjaya, Putu Andhita
    • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 53, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-018-2134-6

    Perovskite oxides applications in high temperature oxygen separation, solid oxide fuel cell and membrane reactor: A review
    journal, July 2017


    Scale-free structural organization of oxygen interstitials in La2CuO4+y
    journal, August 2010

    • Fratini, Michela; Poccia, Nicola; Ricci, Alessandro
    • Nature, Vol. 466, Issue 7308
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature09260

    From quantum matter to high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides
    journal, February 2015

    • Keimer, B.; Kivelson, S. A.; Norman, M. R.
    • Nature, Vol. 518, Issue 7538
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature14165

    Charge-compensation in 3d-transition-metal-oxide intercalation cathodes through the generation of localized electron holes on oxygen
    journal, March 2016

    • Luo, Kun; Roberts, Matthew R.; Hao, Rong
    • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 8, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2471

    Evolution and control of oxygen order in a cuprate superconductor
    journal, August 2011

    • Poccia, Nicola; Fratini, Michela; Ricci, Alessandro
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3088

    Emergent phenomena at oxide interfaces
    journal, January 2012

    • Hwang, H. Y.; Iwasa, Y.; Kawasaki, M.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3223

    Whither the oxide interface
    journal, January 2012

    • Chakhalian, J.; Millis, A. J.; Rondinelli, J.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3225

    Stabilization of three-dimensional charge order in YBa2Cu3O6+x via epitaxial growth
    journal, July 2018


    A new spin for oxide interfaces
    journal, April 2018


    Perovskite substrates boost the thermopower of cobaltate thin films at high temperatures
    journal, June 2017

    • Yordanov, P.; Wochner, P.; Ibrahimkutty, S.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4986778

    Liquids, Crystals and Liquid Crystals
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    • Brock, Joel D.; Birgeneau, Robert J.; Litster, J. David
    • Physics Today, Vol. 42, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.881175

    c -axis textured La 2 CuO 4 thin films prepared by NaClO oxidation: I. Superconducting and structural properties
    journal, June 2004


    Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations in High-Transition Temperature Superconductors
    journal, August 1997


    Scattering and Pairing in Cuprate Superconductors
    journal, August 2010


    Two-Dimensional Electron Gases at Oxide Interfaces
    journal, November 2008

    • Mannhart, J.; Blank, D. H. A.; Hwang, H. Y.
    • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 33, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1557/mrs2008.222