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Title: A Brief Review of Metallothermic Reduction Reactions for Materials Preparation

Abstract

Metallothermic reduction reactions (MRRs) are displacement reactions that use reactive metals to reduce compounds so that metals, alloys, nonmetal elementary substances, and composites are produced, often in a scalable manner. In recent years, nonmetal materials, mainly silicon and carbon, particularly in their nanostructured forms obtained using an MRR with magnesium as the reductant, have started to attract much attention. However, reactions using other metals as the reductant have not been widely investigated yet. Furthermore, the reaction mechanisms and their controlling factors remain unclear, and much more effort is needed to advance this emerging field. Here, MRR preparation methods for metals, alloys, nanoporous silicon, nanoporous carbon, and composites are discussed as an introduction for new researchers in this field.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1543135
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1463211
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; DE‐EE0008194; DE–AC02–06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small Methods
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2366-9608
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; lithiothermic; magnesiothermic; metallothermic; nanoporous graphene; nanoporous silicon

Citation Formats

Xing, Zhenyu, Lu, Jun, and Ji, Xiulei. A Brief Review of Metallothermic Reduction Reactions for Materials Preparation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/smtd.201800062.
Xing, Zhenyu, Lu, Jun, & Ji, Xiulei. A Brief Review of Metallothermic Reduction Reactions for Materials Preparation. United States. doi:10.1002/smtd.201800062.
Xing, Zhenyu, Lu, Jun, and Ji, Xiulei. Tue . "A Brief Review of Metallothermic Reduction Reactions for Materials Preparation". United States. doi:10.1002/smtd.201800062. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543135.
@article{osti_1543135,
title = {A Brief Review of Metallothermic Reduction Reactions for Materials Preparation},
author = {Xing, Zhenyu and Lu, Jun and Ji, Xiulei},
abstractNote = {Metallothermic reduction reactions (MRRs) are displacement reactions that use reactive metals to reduce compounds so that metals, alloys, nonmetal elementary substances, and composites are produced, often in a scalable manner. In recent years, nonmetal materials, mainly silicon and carbon, particularly in their nanostructured forms obtained using an MRR with magnesium as the reductant, have started to attract much attention. However, reactions using other metals as the reductant have not been widely investigated yet. Furthermore, the reaction mechanisms and their controlling factors remain unclear, and much more effort is needed to advance this emerging field. Here, MRR preparation methods for metals, alloys, nanoporous silicon, nanoporous carbon, and composites are discussed as an introduction for new researchers in this field.},
doi = {10.1002/smtd.201800062},
journal = {Small Methods},
number = 12,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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Synthesis of Ultrathin Silicon Nanosheets by Using Graphene Oxide as Template
journal, December 2011

  • Lu, Ziyang; Zhu, Jixin; Sim, Daohao
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm202891p

Facile preparation of silicon hollow spheres and their use in electrochemical capacitive energy storage
journal, January 2012

  • Liu, Mei-Pin; Li, Cheng-Hui; Du, Hong-Bin
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 48, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cc17083c

Novel Three-Dimensional Mesoporous Silicon for High Power Lithium-Ion Battery Anode Material
journal, October 2011

  • Jia, Haiping; Gao, Pengfei; Yang, Jun
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100485

Three-dimensional porous silicon–MWNT heterostructure with superior lithium storage performance
journal, January 2011

  • Gao, Pengfei; Jia, Haiping; Yang, Jun
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1cp23062j

Efficient Fabrication of Nanoporous Si and Si/Ge Enabled by a Heat Scavenger in Magnesiothermic Reactions
journal, July 2013

  • Luo, Wei; Wang, Xingfeng; Meyers, Colin
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02222

Burning lithium in CS2 for high-performing compact Li2S–graphene nanocapsules for Li–S batteries
journal, June 2017