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Title: Irradiance and temperature considerations in the design and deployment of high annual energy yield perovskite/CIGS tandems

Abstract

The annual energy yields for metal halide perovskite/copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) tandem photovoltaics have been calculated for 16 different bandgap combinations, using both 2 terminal and 4 terminal device designs, with fixed-tilt mounting as well as 1- and 2-axis tracking. Measured complex index of refraction data were used for the materials comprising the devices, and hourly irradiance data were extracted from Version 3 of the National Solar Radiation Database. Simulations were performed for Toledo OH, Golden CO, Phoenix AZ, and New Orleans LA, and the effect of local temperature variation was also considered. The combination of irradiance and temperature variations throughout the year cause different devices to be optimal at different times of the year. Interestingly, devices constructed to maximize AM1.5 photoconversion efficiency do not necessarily maximize the annual energy yield. A detailed analysis of the monthly energy yields at the different locations reveals the interplay between the changing light and temperature conditions. Over the course of the year these effects average to some degree so that annual energy yields that are close to the maximum possible value can be achieved by several different tandem device designs. The conclusions are valid for devices made with relatively thin perovskite layers,more » such as those used in champion efficiency devices. When the perovskite layers are thicker, however, the device is less tolerant to variation. Our results show that close matching of bandgap pairs is not essential for the fabrication of high-performance tandems. These findings should allow manufacturing efforts to proceed without the need for precise compositional control during formation of the absorber layers.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States). Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1543121
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5D00-73505
Journal ID: ISSN 2398-4902; SEFUA7
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sustainable Energy & Fuels
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2398-4902
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; irradiance; temperature; perovskite; CIGS

Citation Formats

Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Ramez, Phillips, Adam B., Ghimire, Kiran, Koirala, Prakash, Song, Zhaoning, Barudi, Hashem M., Habte, Aron, Sengupta, Manajit, Ellingson, Randy J., Yan, Yanfa, Collins, Robert W., Podraza, Nikolas J., and Heben, Michael J. Irradiance and temperature considerations in the design and deployment of high annual energy yield perovskite/CIGS tandems. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1039/C9SE00237E.
Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Ramez, Phillips, Adam B., Ghimire, Kiran, Koirala, Prakash, Song, Zhaoning, Barudi, Hashem M., Habte, Aron, Sengupta, Manajit, Ellingson, Randy J., Yan, Yanfa, Collins, Robert W., Podraza, Nikolas J., & Heben, Michael J. Irradiance and temperature considerations in the design and deployment of high annual energy yield perovskite/CIGS tandems. United States. doi:10.1039/C9SE00237E.
Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Ramez, Phillips, Adam B., Ghimire, Kiran, Koirala, Prakash, Song, Zhaoning, Barudi, Hashem M., Habte, Aron, Sengupta, Manajit, Ellingson, Randy J., Yan, Yanfa, Collins, Robert W., Podraza, Nikolas J., and Heben, Michael J. Fri . "Irradiance and temperature considerations in the design and deployment of high annual energy yield perovskite/CIGS tandems". United States. doi:10.1039/C9SE00237E. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543121.
@article{osti_1543121,
title = {Irradiance and temperature considerations in the design and deployment of high annual energy yield perovskite/CIGS tandems},
author = {Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Ramez and Phillips, Adam B. and Ghimire, Kiran and Koirala, Prakash and Song, Zhaoning and Barudi, Hashem M. and Habte, Aron and Sengupta, Manajit and Ellingson, Randy J. and Yan, Yanfa and Collins, Robert W. and Podraza, Nikolas J. and Heben, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {The annual energy yields for metal halide perovskite/copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) tandem photovoltaics have been calculated for 16 different bandgap combinations, using both 2 terminal and 4 terminal device designs, with fixed-tilt mounting as well as 1- and 2-axis tracking. Measured complex index of refraction data were used for the materials comprising the devices, and hourly irradiance data were extracted from Version 3 of the National Solar Radiation Database. Simulations were performed for Toledo OH, Golden CO, Phoenix AZ, and New Orleans LA, and the effect of local temperature variation was also considered. The combination of irradiance and temperature variations throughout the year cause different devices to be optimal at different times of the year. Interestingly, devices constructed to maximize AM1.5 photoconversion efficiency do not necessarily maximize the annual energy yield. A detailed analysis of the monthly energy yields at the different locations reveals the interplay between the changing light and temperature conditions. Over the course of the year these effects average to some degree so that annual energy yields that are close to the maximum possible value can be achieved by several different tandem device designs. The conclusions are valid for devices made with relatively thin perovskite layers, such as those used in champion efficiency devices. When the perovskite layers are thicker, however, the device is less tolerant to variation. Our results show that close matching of bandgap pairs is not essential for the fabrication of high-performance tandems. These findings should allow manufacturing efforts to proceed without the need for precise compositional control during formation of the absorber layers.},
doi = {10.1039/C9SE00237E},
journal = {Sustainable Energy & Fuels},
number = 7,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Planar‐Structure Perovskite Solar Cells with Efficiency beyond 21%
    journal, October 2017


    Compositionally Graded Absorber for Efficient and Stable Near-Infrared-Transparent Perovskite Solar Cells
    journal, January 2018


    Solution-Processed Low-Bandgap CuIn(S,Se) 2 Absorbers for High-Efficiency Single-Junction and Monolithic Chalcopyrite-Perovskite Tandem Solar Cells
    journal, August 2018

    • Uhl, Alexander R.; Rajagopal, Adharsh; Clark, James A.
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801254

    Wafer bonded four-junction GaInP/GaAs//GaInAsP/GaInAs concentrator solar cells with 44.7% efficiency: Wafer bonded four-junction concentrator solar cells with 44.7% efficiency
    journal, January 2014

    • Dimroth, Frank; Grave, Matthias; Beutel, Paul
    • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 22, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/pip.2475

    Energy yield of all thin‐film perovskite/CIGS tandem solar modules
    journal, December 2018

    • Langenhorst, Malte; Sautter, Benjamin; Schmager, Raphael
    • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 27, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/pip.3091

    Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53)
    journal, December 2018

    • Green, Martin A.; Hishikawa, Yoshihiro; Dunlop, Ewan D.
    • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 27, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/pip.3102

    Critical issues in the design of polycrystalline, thin-film tandem solar cells
    journal, January 2003

    • Coutts, Timothy J.; Ward, J. Scott; Young, David L.
    • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 11, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/pip.491

    Optical simulation of external quantum efficiency spectra of CuIn1−Ga Se2 solar cells from spectroscopic ellipsometry inputs
    journal, July 2018

    • Ibdah, Abdel-Rahman A.; Koirala, Prakash; Aryal, Puruswottam
    • Journal of Energy Chemistry, Vol. 27, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.jechem.2017.10.029

    Cost Analysis of Perovskite Tandem Photovoltaics
    journal, August 2018


    Device operation of organic tandem solar cells
    journal, October 2008


    The National Solar Radiation Data Base (NSRDB)
    journal, June 2018


    Exact analytical solutions of the parameters of real solar cells using Lambert W-function
    journal, February 2004


    Amorphous and nanocrystalline silicon-based multi-junction solar cells
    journal, September 2005


    The Potential of Multijunction Perovskite Solar Cells
    journal, October 2017


    Complex Refractive Indices of Cesium–Formamidinium-Based Mixed-Halide Perovskites with Optical Band Gaps from 1.5 to 1.8 eV
    journal, February 2018


    Minimizing Voltage Loss in Wide-Bandgap Perovskites for Tandem Solar Cells
    journal, December 2018


    Electrically Tunable Plasmonic Behavior of Nanocube–Polymer Nanomaterials Induced by a Redox-Active Electrochromic Polymer
    journal, May 2014

    • König, Tobias A. F.; Ledin, Petr A.; Kerszulis, Justin
    • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1021/nn501601e

    Enhanced electron extraction using SnO2 for high-efficiency planar-structure HC(NH2)2PbI3-based perovskite solar cells
    journal, November 2016


    High-efficiency inverted semi-transparent planar perovskite solar cells in substrate configuration
    journal, December 2016


    Low-bandgap mixed tin–lead iodide perovskite absorbers with long carrier lifetimes for all-perovskite tandem solar cells
    journal, March 2017


    23.6%-efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with improved stability
    journal, February 2017

    • Bush, Kevin A.; Palmstrom, Axel F.; Yu, Zhengshan J.
    • Nature Energy, Vol. 2, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1038/nenergy.2017.9

    Potassium-induced surface modification of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films for high-efficiency solar cells
    journal, November 2013

    • Chirilă, Adrian; Reinhard, Patrick; Pianezzi, Fabian
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3789

    Economic viability of thin-film tandem solar modules in the United States
    journal, April 2018


    Efficient two-terminal all-perovskite tandem solar cells enabled by high-quality low-bandgap absorber layers
    journal, November 2018


    Fully textured monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with 25.2% power conversion efficiency
    journal, June 2018


    Triple-junction amorphous silicon alloy solar cell with 14.6% initial and 13.0% stable conversion efficiencies
    journal, June 1997

    • Yang, J.; Banerjee, A.; Guha, S.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 70, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.118761

    Modeling photocurrent action spectra of photovoltaic devices based on organic thin films
    journal, July 1999

    • Pettersson, Leif A. A.; Roman, Lucimara S.; Inganäs, Olle
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 86, Issue 1, p. 487-496
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.370757

    Optical constants of Cu(In, Ga)Se 2 for arbitrary Cu and Ga compositions
    journal, May 2015

    • Minoura, Shota; Maekawa, Takuji; Kodera, Keita
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921300

    Reversible conductivity changes in discharge‐produced amorphous Si
    journal, August 1977

    • Staebler, D. L.; Wronski, C. R.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 31, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.89674

    Detailed balance limit of the efficiency of tandem solar cells
    journal, May 1980


    Perovskite-perovskite tandem photovoltaics with optimized band gaps
    journal, October 2016


    Promises and challenges of perovskite solar cells
    journal, November 2017

    • Correa-Baena, Juan-Pablo; Saliba, Michael; Buonassisi, Tonio
    • Science, Vol. 358, Issue 6364
    • DOI: 10.1126/science.aam6323

    Iodide management in formamidinium-lead-halide–based perovskite layers for efficient solar cells
    journal, June 2017


    High-performance perovskite/Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 monolithic tandem solar cells
    journal, August 2018


    Optical design of perovskite solar cells for applications in monolithic tandem configuration with CuInSe 2 bottom cells
    journal, January 2018

    • Ahangharnejhad, Ramez H.; Song, Zhaoning; Phillips, Adam B.
    • MRS Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 52
    • DOI: 10.1557/adv.2018.464