skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ultrahigh elastically compressible and strain-engineerable intermetallic compounds under uniaxial mechanical loading

Abstract

Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Thus, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study observes that the ThCr 2Si 2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe 2As 2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe 4As 4) with 2 μm in diameter and 6 μm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced lattice collapse, leading to a modulus of resilience orders of magnitude higher than that of most engineering materials. Such superelasticity also can enable strain engineering, which refers to the modification of material properties through elastic strain. Density functional theory calculations and cryogenic nanomechanical tests predict that superconductivity in CaKFe 4As 4 could be turned on/off through the superelasticity process, before fracture occurs, even under uniaxial compression, which is the favorable switching loading mode in most engineering applications. Our results suggest that other members with the same crystal structure (more than 2500 intermetallic compounds) andmore » substitution series based on them should be examined for the possibility of manifesting similar superelastic and strain-engineerable functional properties.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  2. Goethe Univ., Frankfurt (Germany)
  3. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  4. Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, 97 North Eagleville Road, Unit 3136, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3136, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1542866
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1527048
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9979
Journal ID: ISSN 2166-532X
Grant/Contract Number:  
TRR 49; NNX16AR60G; AC02-07CH11358; GBMF4411
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
APL Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2166-532X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Song, Gyuho, Borisov, Vladislav, Meier, William R., Xu, Mingyu, Dusoe, Keith J., Sypek, John T., Valentí, Roser, Canfield, Paul C., and Lee, Seok-Woo. Ultrahigh elastically compressible and strain-engineerable intermetallic compounds under uniaxial mechanical loading. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5087279.
Song, Gyuho, Borisov, Vladislav, Meier, William R., Xu, Mingyu, Dusoe, Keith J., Sypek, John T., Valentí, Roser, Canfield, Paul C., & Lee, Seok-Woo. Ultrahigh elastically compressible and strain-engineerable intermetallic compounds under uniaxial mechanical loading. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5087279.
Song, Gyuho, Borisov, Vladislav, Meier, William R., Xu, Mingyu, Dusoe, Keith J., Sypek, John T., Valentí, Roser, Canfield, Paul C., and Lee, Seok-Woo. Wed . "Ultrahigh elastically compressible and strain-engineerable intermetallic compounds under uniaxial mechanical loading". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5087279. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1542866.
@article{osti_1542866,
title = {Ultrahigh elastically compressible and strain-engineerable intermetallic compounds under uniaxial mechanical loading},
author = {Song, Gyuho and Borisov, Vladislav and Meier, William R. and Xu, Mingyu and Dusoe, Keith J. and Sypek, John T. and Valentí, Roser and Canfield, Paul C. and Lee, Seok-Woo},
abstractNote = {Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Thus, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study observes that the ThCr2Si2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe2As2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe4As4) with 2 μm in diameter and 6 μm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced lattice collapse, leading to a modulus of resilience orders of magnitude higher than that of most engineering materials. Such superelasticity also can enable strain engineering, which refers to the modification of material properties through elastic strain. Density functional theory calculations and cryogenic nanomechanical tests predict that superconductivity in CaKFe4As4 could be turned on/off through the superelasticity process, before fracture occurs, even under uniaxial compression, which is the favorable switching loading mode in most engineering applications. Our results suggest that other members with the same crystal structure (more than 2500 intermetallic compounds) and substitution series based on them should be examined for the possibility of manifesting similar superelastic and strain-engineerable functional properties.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5087279},
journal = {APL Materials},
number = 6,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Ductility in Intermetallic Compounds
journal, September 2003


Ferrous Polycrystalline Shape-Memory Alloy Showing Huge Superelasticity
journal, March 2010


Successive stress-induced martensitic transformations and associated transformation pseudoelasticity in Cu-Al-Ni alloys
journal, April 1979


Transformation-induced plasticity during pseudoelastic deformation in Ni–Ti microcrystals
journal, July 2009


Magnetic-field-induced shape recovery by reverse phase transformation
journal, February 2006


Martensitic transformation and shape memory effect in ferromagnetic Heusler alloy Ni2FeGa
journal, January 2003

  • Liu, Z. H.; Zhang, M.; Cui, Y. T.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 82, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1534612

Magnetic and martensitic transformations of NiMnX(X=In,Sn,Sb) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys
journal, January 2004

  • Sutou, Y.; Imano, Y.; Koeda, N.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 85, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1808879

Sample Dimensions Influence Strength and Crystal Plasticity
journal, August 2004


Size dependence of mechanical properties of gold at the micron scale in the absence of strain gradients
journal, April 2005


Size effects in the deformation of sub-micron Au columns
journal, November 2006


Plasticity of Micrometer-Scale Single Crystals in Compression
journal, August 2009


Plasticity in small-sized metallic systems: Intrinsic versus extrinsic size effect
journal, August 2011


Plasticity in Confined Dimensions
journal, June 2010


Ultra-strength materials
journal, September 2010


(Finite) statistical size effects on compressive strength
journal, April 2014

  • Weiss, J.; Girard, L.; Gimbert, F.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1403500111

Approaching the Limits of Strength: Measuring the Uniaxial Compressive Strength of Diamond at Small Scales
journal, December 2015


Statistical characterization of meso-scale uniaxial compressive strength in brittle materials with randomly occurring flaws
journal, September 2010


The Mechanical Properties of Nanowires
journal, January 2017


Effects of focused-ion-beam irradiation and prestraining on the mechanical properties of FCC Au microparticles on a sapphire substrate
journal, July 2011

  • Lee, Seok-Woo; Mordehai, Dan; Rabkin, Eugen
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 26, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2011.221

Compressive strengths of molybdenum alloy micro-pillars prepared using a new technique
journal, September 2007


Electron mobility enhancement in strained-Si n-type metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors
journal, March 1994

  • Welser, J.; Hoyt, J. L.; Gibbons, J. F.
  • IEEE Electron Device Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/55.285389

Iron-Based Layered Superconductor:  LaOFeP
journal, August 2006

  • Kamihara, Yoichi; Hiramatsu, Hidenori; Hirano, Masahiro
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja063355c

High-temperature superconductivity in iron-based materials
journal, August 2010

  • Paglione, Johnpierre; Greene, Richard L.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1759

ThCr2Si2 structure type: The “perovskite” of intermetallics
journal, April 2019


Structural, magnetic and superconducting phase transitions in CaFe2As2 under ambient and applied pressure
journal, May 2009


Superelasticity and cryogenic linear shape memory effects of CaFe2As2
journal, October 2017


Superelastic and micaceous deformation in the intermetallic compound CaFe2As2
journal, December 2017


The size of a dislocation
journal, January 1940


Dislocations in a simple cubic lattice
journal, March 1947


Effects of point defects on the mechanical response of LaRu2P2
journal, November 2018


Tricubic interpolation in three dimensions
journal, January 2005

  • Lekien, F.; Marsden, J.
  • International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 63, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/nme.1296

New-Structure-Type Fe-Based Superconductors: Ca A Fe 4 As 4 ( A = K, Rb, Cs) and Sr A Fe 4 As 4 ( A = Rb, Cs)
journal, March 2016

  • Iyo, Akira; Kawashima, Kenji; Kinjo, Tatsuya
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b12571

Shape Memory and Superelastic Ceramics at Small Scales
journal, September 2013


On the plasticity of small-scale nickel–titanium shape memory alloys
journal, April 2010


Making and Breaking Bonds in the Solid State: The ThCr 2 Si 2 Structure
journal, September 1985

  • Hoffmann, Roald; Zheng, Chong
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 89, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/j100266a007

Modeling pseudo-elastic behavior in small-scale ThCr2Si2-type crystals
journal, July 2018


Hedgehog spin-vortex crystal stabilized in a hole-doped iron-based superconductor
journal, February 2018

  • Meier, William R.; Ding, Qing-Ping; Kreyssig, Andreas
  • npj Quantum Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41535-017-0076-x

Alloys with long memories
journal, October 2013

  • Omori, Toshihiro; Kainuma, Ryosuke
  • Nature, Vol. 502, Issue 7469
  • DOI: 10.1038/502042a

Direct observation of the NiTi martensitic phase transformation in nanoscale volumes
journal, January 2010


Sample size effect and microcompression of Mg65Cu25Gd10 metallic glass
journal, October 2007

  • Lee, C. J.; Huang, J. C.; Nieh, T. G.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2800313

Strong, lightweight, and recoverable three-dimensional ceramic nanolattices
journal, September 2014


Approaching theoretical strength in glassy carbon nanolattices
journal, February 2016

  • Bauer, J.; Schroer, A.; Schwaiger, R.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4561

Bulk Metallic Glasses as Structural Materials: A Review: Bulk Metallic Glasses as Structural Materials: A Review
journal, May 2016


The most populous of all crystal structure types—the tetragonal BaAl4 structure
journal, March 1985


Use machine learning to find energy materials 
journal, December 2017


Materials discovery and design using machine learning
journal, September 2017