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Title: Electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes from Li/LiT mixtures

Abstract

In this study, we propose a new methodology for lithium hydride electrolysis which can be extended for the extraction of hydrogen isotopes from molten lithium. This new process utilizes a ceramic lithium ion conductor that can be directly immersed in molten lithium to facilitate the electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes in the molten state. The extraction of hydrogen isotopes from lithium is necessary for the safe and reliable operation of fusion reactors that utilize molten metals as a coolant and/or as tritium breeder blanket in the system. A number of technologies for hydrogen isotope extraction from molten lithium have been proposed that can facilitate the extraction of hydrogen isotopes. However, they require a series of complicated mechanical steps (expensive mechanical parts with limited lifetimes) in order to carry out the separation and prevent impurities build up in the extraction process. Our proposed electrochemical process can potentially simplify the isotope extraction process by eliminating many of the mechanical parts and being able to integrate this technology within the fusion reactor to perform the extraction in-line. To determine the feasibility of this process, a proof of concept was demonstrated experimentally utilizing a solid state lithium ion conductor to facilitate the electrochemical extractionmore » of hydrogen and deuterium from lithium in the molten state. The extraction of hydrogen and deuterium from molten lithium was verified during this experiment and indicates this new process is a potential alternative for other processes used for the extraction of hydrogen isotopes. Process modeling was also performed to understand the energy requirements and electrode areas needed for decomposing different concentrations of tritium.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. California State Univ. (CalState), Northridge, CA (United States)
  2. Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)
  3. Savannah River Consulting, Aiken, SC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River National Lab (SRNL), Aiken, SC (United States); Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1542568
Report Number(s):
SRNL-STI-2018-00172
Journal ID: ISSN 0920-3796
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC09-08SR22470
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fusion Engineering and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-3796
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Hydrogen isotope extraction; Electrolysis; Solid state electrolyte; LLZO; Molten lithium; Fusion energy

Citation Formats

Teprovich, Joseph A., Colon Mercado, Hector R., Olson, Luke, Ganesan, Prabhu, Babineau, David, and Garcia-Diaz, Brenda L. Electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes from Li/LiT mixtures. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.11.018.
Teprovich, Joseph A., Colon Mercado, Hector R., Olson, Luke, Ganesan, Prabhu, Babineau, David, & Garcia-Diaz, Brenda L. Electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes from Li/LiT mixtures. United States. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.11.018.
Teprovich, Joseph A., Colon Mercado, Hector R., Olson, Luke, Ganesan, Prabhu, Babineau, David, and Garcia-Diaz, Brenda L. Wed . "Electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes from Li/LiT mixtures". United States. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.11.018.
@article{osti_1542568,
title = {Electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes from Li/LiT mixtures},
author = {Teprovich, Joseph A. and Colon Mercado, Hector R. and Olson, Luke and Ganesan, Prabhu and Babineau, David and Garcia-Diaz, Brenda L.},
abstractNote = {In this study, we propose a new methodology for lithium hydride electrolysis which can be extended for the extraction of hydrogen isotopes from molten lithium. This new process utilizes a ceramic lithium ion conductor that can be directly immersed in molten lithium to facilitate the electrochemical extraction of hydrogen isotopes in the molten state. The extraction of hydrogen isotopes from lithium is necessary for the safe and reliable operation of fusion reactors that utilize molten metals as a coolant and/or as tritium breeder blanket in the system. A number of technologies for hydrogen isotope extraction from molten lithium have been proposed that can facilitate the extraction of hydrogen isotopes. However, they require a series of complicated mechanical steps (expensive mechanical parts with limited lifetimes) in order to carry out the separation and prevent impurities build up in the extraction process. Our proposed electrochemical process can potentially simplify the isotope extraction process by eliminating many of the mechanical parts and being able to integrate this technology within the fusion reactor to perform the extraction in-line. To determine the feasibility of this process, a proof of concept was demonstrated experimentally utilizing a solid state lithium ion conductor to facilitate the electrochemical extraction of hydrogen and deuterium from lithium in the molten state. The extraction of hydrogen and deuterium from molten lithium was verified during this experiment and indicates this new process is a potential alternative for other processes used for the extraction of hydrogen isotopes. Process modeling was also performed to understand the energy requirements and electrode areas needed for decomposing different concentrations of tritium.},
doi = {10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.11.018},
journal = {Fusion Engineering and Design},
number = C,
volume = 139,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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