skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Depletion layer controls photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with p-type gallium phosphide particles

Abstract

p-Type gallium phosphide (p-GaP) is an established photocathode material for hydrogen evolution, however, photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from p-GaP photocatalysts generally proceeds with very low activity. This can be understood on the basis of the space charge layer model presented here.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of California Davis, Davis, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1542535
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0015329
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Materials Chemistry. A Journal Volume: 7 Journal Issue: 30; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zhao, Zeqiong, Willard, Emma J., Dominguez, Julius R., Wu, Zongkai, and Osterloh, Frank E. Depletion layer controls photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with p-type gallium phosphide particles. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1039/C9TA05879F.
Zhao, Zeqiong, Willard, Emma J., Dominguez, Julius R., Wu, Zongkai, & Osterloh, Frank E. Depletion layer controls photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with p-type gallium phosphide particles. United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C9TA05879F.
Zhao, Zeqiong, Willard, Emma J., Dominguez, Julius R., Wu, Zongkai, and Osterloh, Frank E. Tue . "Depletion layer controls photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with p-type gallium phosphide particles". United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C9TA05879F.
@article{osti_1542535,
title = {Depletion layer controls photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with p-type gallium phosphide particles},
author = {Zhao, Zeqiong and Willard, Emma J. and Dominguez, Julius R. and Wu, Zongkai and Osterloh, Frank E.},
abstractNote = {p-Type gallium phosphide (p-GaP) is an established photocathode material for hydrogen evolution, however, photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from p-GaP photocatalysts generally proceeds with very low activity. This can be understood on the basis of the space charge layer model presented here.},
doi = {10.1039/C9TA05879F},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 30,
volume = 7,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA05879F

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Heterogeneous photocatalyst materials for water splitting
journal, January 2009

  • Kudo, Akihiko; Miseki, Yugo
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 38, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/B800489G

Electron-Capture ("Internal") Luminescence from the Oxygen Donor in Gallium Phosphide
journal, December 1968


Surface Photovoltage Measurements on a Particle Tandem Photocatalyst for Overall Water Splitting
journal, January 2018


A taxonomy for solar fuels generators
journal, January 2015

  • Nielander, Adam C.; Shaner, Matthew R.; Papadantonakis, Kimberly M.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE02251C

Scalable water splitting on particulate photocatalyst sheets with a solar-to-hydrogen energy conversion efficiency exceeding 1%
journal, March 2016

  • Wang, Qian; Hisatomi, Takashi; Jia, Qingxin
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4589

Photochemical diodes
journal, June 1977

  • Nozik, A. J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.89262

Depletion-Layer Photoeffects in Semiconductors
journal, October 1959


Theoretical Models for the Action Spectrum and the Current-Voltage Characteristics of Microporous Semiconductor Films in Photoelectrochemical Cells
journal, May 1994

  • Soedergren, Sven; Hagfeldt, Anders; Olsson, Joergen
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 98, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/j100072a023

Z-scheme photocatalyst systems for water splitting under visible light irradiation
journal, January 2011


The impact of semiconductors on the concepts of electrochemistry
journal, November 1990


Semiconductor electrodes. 12. Photoassisted oxidations and photoelectrosynthesis at polycrystalline titanium dioxide electrodes
journal, June 1977

  • Frank, Steven N.; Bard, Allen J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 99, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00456a024

Recent advances in semiconductors for photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2014

  • Hisatomi, Takashi; Kubota, Jun; Domen, Kazunari
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 43, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60378D

Photochemical Charge Separation in Nanocrystal Photocatalyst Films: Insights from Surface Photovoltage Spectroscopy
journal, February 2014

  • Zhao, Jing; Osterloh, Frank E.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz500136h

Surfactant-Free, Large-Scale, Solution–Liquid–Solid Growth of Gallium Phosphide Nanowires and Their Use for Visible-Light-Driven Hydrogen Production from Water Reduction
journal, December 2011

  • Sun, Jianwei; Liu, Chong; Yang, Peidong
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja2083398

Amorphous TiO2 coatings stabilize Si, GaAs, and GaP photoanodes for efficient water oxidation
journal, May 2014


Efficient water reduction with gallium phosphide nanowires
journal, July 2015

  • Standing, Anthony; Assali, Simone; Gao, Lu
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8824

A simplified theoretical guideline for overall water splitting using photocatalyst particles
journal, January 2016

  • Garcia-Esparza, Angel T.; Takanabe, Kazuhiro
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA06983A

Cu2O: a catalyst for the photochemical decomposition of water?
journal, January 1999

  • de Jongh, Petra E.; Vanmaekelbergh, Daniel; Kelly, John J.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/a901232j

The absorption coefficient of gallium phosphide in the wavelength region 530 to 1100 nm
journal, July 1970


Modeling, simulation, and design criteria for photoelectrochemical water-splitting systems
journal, January 2012

  • Haussener, Sophia; Xiang, Chengxiang; Spurgeon, Joshua M.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ee23187e

Hydrogen-Bond Dynamics of Water at the Interface with InP/GaP(001) and the Implications for Photoelectrochemistry
journal, October 2013

  • Wood, Brandon C.; Schwegler, Eric; Choi, Woon Ih
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja403850s

Particulate Photocatalyst Sheets Based on Carbon Conductor Layer for Efficient Z-Scheme Pure-Water Splitting at Ambient Pressure
journal, January 2017

  • Wang, Qian; Hisatomi, Takashi; Suzuki, Yohichi
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b12164

Particle suspension reactors and materials for solar-driven water splitting
journal, January 2015

  • Fabian, David M.; Hu, Shu; Singh, Nirala
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE01434D

Energetics and efficiency analysis of a cobaloxime-modified semiconductor under simulated air mass 1.5 illumination
journal, January 2014

  • Krawicz, Alexandra; Cedeno, Diana; Moore, Gary F.
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 16, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00495G

Photochemical charge transfer observed in nanoscale hydrogen evolving photocatalysts using surface photovoltage spectroscopy
journal, January 2015

  • Wang, J.; Zhao, J.; Osterloh, F. E.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE01701G

Photochemical production of hydrogen with zinc sulfide suspensions
journal, November 1984

  • Reber, Jean Francois; Meier, Kurt
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 88, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/j150668a032

Chemical and Electrochemical Electron-Transfer Theory
journal, October 1964


Surface Photovoltage Spectroscopy Resolves Interfacial Charge Separation Efficiencies in ZnO Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
journal, January 2018

  • Rodríguez-Pérez, Manuel; Canto-Aguilar, Esdras J.; García-Rodríguez, Rodrigo
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 122, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11727

Nanocrystalline Photoelectrochemical Cells
journal, January 1992

  • Hodes, G.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2069045

Near-band gap transitions in the surface photovoltage spectra for GaAs, GaP and Si surfaces
journal, May 1991


Synthesis of highly active rhodium-doped SrTiO3 powders in Z-scheme systems for visible-light-driven photocatalytic overall water splitting
journal, January 2013

  • Kato, Hideki; Sasaki, Yasuyoshi; Shirakura, Nana
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta12803b

P-Type GaP as a Semiconducting Photoelectrode
journal, January 1980

  • Butler, M. A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2129870

A scanning probe investigation of the role of surface motifs in the behavior of p-WSe 2 photocathodes
journal, January 2016

  • Velazquez, Jesus M.; John, Jimmy; Esposito, Daniel V.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE02530C

Photoelectrochemical Properties of CH 3 -Terminated p-Type GaP(111)A
journal, May 2014

  • Brown, Elizabeth S.; Peczonczyk, Sabrina L.; Wang, Zhijie
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp503147p

Surface photovoltage phenomena: theory, experiment, and applications
journal, December 1999


Visible-light photolysis of hydrogen iodide using sensitized layered semiconductor particles
journal, December 1991

  • Kim, Yeong Il; Salim, Samer; Huq, Munir J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 113, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00025a021

Photoelectrochemical cells for solar hydrogen production: current state of promising photoelectrodes, methods to improve their properties, and outlook
journal, January 2013

  • Li, Zhaosheng; Luo, Wenjun; Zhang, Minglong
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C2EE22618A

Highly efficient photocatalytic hydrogen evolution by nickel phosphide nanoparticles from aqueous solution
journal, January 2014

  • Cao, Shuang; Chen, Yong; Wang, Chuan-Jun
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 50, Issue 72
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC05026F

Sensitization of p-GaP by Physisorbed Triarylmethane Dyes
journal, August 2018

  • Hlynchuk, Sofiya; MacInnes, Molly M.; Maldonado, Stephen
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 122, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b05136

Selective Solar-Driven Reduction of CO 2 to Methanol Using a Catalyzed p-GaP Based Photoelectrochemical Cell
journal, May 2008

  • Barton, Emily E.; Rampulla, David M.; Bocarsly, Andrew B.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0776327

Dielectric functions and optical parameters of Si, Ge, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InP, InAs, and InSb from 1.5 to 6.0 eV
journal, January 1983


Optical absorption in n-type gallium phosphide
journal, October 1959

  • Spitzer, W. G.; Gershenzon, M.; Frosch, C. J.
  • Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 11, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-3697(59)90238-0

Experimental demonstrations of spontaneous, solar-driven photoelectrochemical water splitting
journal, January 2015

  • Ager, Joel W.; Shaner, Matthew R.; Walczak, Karl A.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE00457H

Photoélectrochimie sur électrode de phosphure de gallium de type p
journal, January 1977


Study of n-type gallium arsenide- and gallium phosphide-based photoelectrochemical cells. Stabilization by kinetic control and conversion of optical energy to electricity
journal, April 1977

  • Ellis, Arthur B.; Bolts, Jeffrey M.; Kaiser, Steven W.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 99, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00451a002

Niobate Nanosheets as Catalysts for Photochemical Water Splitting into Hydrogen and Hydrogen Peroxide
journal, December 2008

  • Compton, Owen C.; Osterloh, Frank E.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp807839b

Rh-Doped SrTiO 3 Photocatalyst Electrode Showing Cathodic Photocurrent for Water Splitting under Visible-Light Irradiation
journal, August 2011

  • Iwashina, Katsuya; Kudo, Akihiko
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja2050315

pn photoelectrolysis cells
journal, August 1976

  • Nozik, A. J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.89004

Photochemical Charge Separation at Particle Interfaces: The n-BiVO 4 –p-Silicon System
journal, March 2015

  • Yang, Yuxin; Wang, Jiarui; Zhao, Jing
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b00257

Z-Scheme Water Splitting Using Two Different Semiconductor Photocatalysts
journal, June 2013


Z-Schematic Water Splitting into H 2 and O 2 Using Metal Sulfide as a Hydrogen-Evolving Photocatalyst and Reduced Graphene Oxide as a Solid-State Electron Mediator
journal, January 2015

  • Iwashina, Katsuya; Iwase, Akihide; Ng, Yun Hau
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja511615s

Semiconductor surface spectroscopies: the early years
journal, January 1994


Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Evolution Using Si Microwire Arrays
journal, January 2011

  • Boettcher, Shannon W.; Warren, Emily L.; Putnam, Morgan C.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 5, p. 1216-1219
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja108801m

Identification of Active Edge Sites for Electrochemical H2 Evolution from MoS2 Nanocatalysts
journal, July 2007

  • Jaramillo, T. F.; Jorgensen, K. P.; Bonde, J.
  • Science, Vol. 317, Issue 5834, p. 100-102
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1141483

Nanostructured Nickel Phosphide as an Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, June 2013

  • Popczun, Eric J.; McKone, James R.; Read, Carlos G.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja403440e

Electronic structure, photovoltage, and photocatalytic hydrogen evolution with p-CuBi 2 O 4 nanocrystals
journal, January 2016

  • Sharma, Geetu; Zhao, Zeqiong; Sarker, Pranab
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA07040F

Measurement of the Free-Energy Dependence of Interfacial Charge-Transfer Rate Constants using ZnO/H 2 O Semiconductor/Liquid Contacts
journal, June 2005

  • Hamann, Thomas W.; Gstrein, Florian; Brunschwig, Bruce S.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0436188

A Building Block Approach to Photochemical Water-Splitting Catalysts Based on Layered Niobate Nanosheets
journal, April 2008

  • Compton, Owen C.; Mullet, Cory H.; Chiang, Shirley
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp711589z

Polymer Semiconductors for Artificial Photosynthesis: Hydrogen Evolution by Mesoporous Graphitic Carbon Nitride with Visible Light
journal, February 2009

  • Wang, Xinchen; Maeda, Kazuhiko; Chen, Xiufang
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja809307s