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Title: Perovskite nanowire–block copolymer composites with digitally programmable polarization anisotropy

Abstract

One-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials with highly anisotropic optoelectronic properties are key components in energy harvesting, flexible electronics, and biomedical imaging devices. 3D patterning methods that precisely assemble nanowires with locally controlled composition and orientation would enable new optoelectronic device designs. As an exemplar, we have created and 3D-printed nanocomposite inks composed of brightly emitting colloidal cesium lead halide perovskite (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I) nanowires suspended in a polystyrene-polyisoprene-polystyrene block copolymer matrix. The nanowire alignment is defined by the programmed print path, resulting in optical nanocomposites that exhibit highly polarized absorption and emission properties. Several devices have been produced to highlight the versatility of this method, including optical storage, encryption, sensing, and full-color displays.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States); Westlake Univ., Zhejiang Province (China)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division; Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  6. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1542409
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; SC0001293; DMR-1419807
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Zhou, Nanjia, Bekenstein, Yehonadav, Eisler, Carissa N., Zhang, Dandan, Schwartzberg, Adam M., Yang, Peidong, Alivisatos, A. Paul, and Lewis, Jennifer A. Perovskite nanowire–block copolymer composites with digitally programmable polarization anisotropy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav8141.
Zhou, Nanjia, Bekenstein, Yehonadav, Eisler, Carissa N., Zhang, Dandan, Schwartzberg, Adam M., Yang, Peidong, Alivisatos, A. Paul, & Lewis, Jennifer A. Perovskite nanowire–block copolymer composites with digitally programmable polarization anisotropy. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav8141.
Zhou, Nanjia, Bekenstein, Yehonadav, Eisler, Carissa N., Zhang, Dandan, Schwartzberg, Adam M., Yang, Peidong, Alivisatos, A. Paul, and Lewis, Jennifer A. Fri . "Perovskite nanowire–block copolymer composites with digitally programmable polarization anisotropy". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav8141. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1542409.
@article{osti_1542409,
title = {Perovskite nanowire–block copolymer composites with digitally programmable polarization anisotropy},
author = {Zhou, Nanjia and Bekenstein, Yehonadav and Eisler, Carissa N. and Zhang, Dandan and Schwartzberg, Adam M. and Yang, Peidong and Alivisatos, A. Paul and Lewis, Jennifer A.},
abstractNote = {One-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials with highly anisotropic optoelectronic properties are key components in energy harvesting, flexible electronics, and biomedical imaging devices. 3D patterning methods that precisely assemble nanowires with locally controlled composition and orientation would enable new optoelectronic device designs. As an exemplar, we have created and 3D-printed nanocomposite inks composed of brightly emitting colloidal cesium lead halide perovskite (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I) nanowires suspended in a polystyrene-polyisoprene-polystyrene block copolymer matrix. The nanowire alignment is defined by the programmed print path, resulting in optical nanocomposites that exhibit highly polarized absorption and emission properties. Several devices have been produced to highlight the versatility of this method, including optical storage, encryption, sensing, and full-color displays.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.aav8141},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 5,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 14 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig.1 Fig.1: Perovskite nanowire–block copolymer supramolecular nanocomposites. (A) Schematic diagram of the perovskite crystal structure. (B) PL of CsPbX3 (X = I, Br, and Cl) perovskite nanowires in toluene solution. Halide composition determines the material’s bandgap and color of emitted light ($λ$excitation = 380 nm). (C) TEM images of naturally alignedmore » bundles of CsPbBr3 perovskite nanowires (length, ~1 μm; diameter, ~10 nm). (D) TEM images (top) and SAXS measurements (bottom) of the pure SIS filaments without nanowires printed using 1-mm-diameter nozzle (left, horizontally printed sample; right, filament cross sections), demonstrating microphase separated SIS hexagonal domains with long-range order and anisotropy. Red arrow indicates printing and the microdomain alignment direction. (E) A maximum intensity projection of $z$-stack fluorescence confocal image of the printed nanowire-block copolymer filament (diameter, 100 μm;$λ$excitation = 365 nm). (F) Representative TEM images of nanocomposite filaments printed using 1-mm-diameter nozzle showing perovskite nanowires oriented in parallel with the print direction and locally conform to the SIS block copolymer microdomains. A higher-magnification TEM image (inset) shows that nanowires primarily segregate to PI-rich domains (see also fig. S6 and table S4). The TEM samples in (D) and (F) are sectioned using cryo-ultramicrotome and stained with OsO4, which selectively darkens the PI domains.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.