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Title: Dynamics of Nanoscale Dendrite Formation in Solution Growth Revealed Through in Situ Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy

Abstract

Formation mechanisms of dendrite structures have been extensively explored theoretically, and many theoretical predictions have been validated for micro- or macroscale dendrites. However, it is challenging to determine whether classical dendrite growth theories are applicable at the nanoscale due to the lack of detailed information on the nanodendrite growth dynamics. Here, we study iron oxide nanodendrite formation using liquid cell transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We observe "seaweed"-like iron oxide nanodendrites growing predominantly in two dimensions on the membrane of a liquid cell. By tracking the trajectories of their morphology development with high spatial and temporal resolution, it is possible to explore the relationship between the tip curvature and growth rate, tip splitting mechanisms, and the effects of precursor diffusion and depletion on the morphology evolution. We show that the growth of iron oxide nanodendrites is remarkably consistent with the existing theoretical predictions on dendritic morphology evolution during growth, despite occurring at the nanoscale.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [9];  [6];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); National Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu (China)
  4. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tianjin Univ., Tianjin (China)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Gatan Incorporated, Pleasanton, CA (United States)
  8. IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States). Thomas J. Watson Research Center
  9. National Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22), Materials Sciences & Engineering Division (SC-22.2)
OSTI Identifier:
1542325
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Liquid cell TEM; dendrite theories; in situ TEM; nanodendrite; tip splitting; “seaweed” growth

Citation Formats

Hauwiller, Matthew R., Zhang, Xiaowei, Liang, Wen-I, Chiu, Chung-Hua, Zhang, Qian, Zheng, Wenjing, Ophus, Colin, Chan, Emory M., Czarnik, Cory, Pan, Ming, Ross, Frances M., Wu, Wen-Wei, Chu, Yin-Hao, Asta, Mark, Voorhees, Peter W., Alivisatos, A. Paul, and Zheng, Haimei. Dynamics of Nanoscale Dendrite Formation in Solution Growth Revealed Through in Situ Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b02819.
Hauwiller, Matthew R., Zhang, Xiaowei, Liang, Wen-I, Chiu, Chung-Hua, Zhang, Qian, Zheng, Wenjing, Ophus, Colin, Chan, Emory M., Czarnik, Cory, Pan, Ming, Ross, Frances M., Wu, Wen-Wei, Chu, Yin-Hao, Asta, Mark, Voorhees, Peter W., Alivisatos, A. Paul, & Zheng, Haimei. Dynamics of Nanoscale Dendrite Formation in Solution Growth Revealed Through in Situ Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b02819.
Hauwiller, Matthew R., Zhang, Xiaowei, Liang, Wen-I, Chiu, Chung-Hua, Zhang, Qian, Zheng, Wenjing, Ophus, Colin, Chan, Emory M., Czarnik, Cory, Pan, Ming, Ross, Frances M., Wu, Wen-Wei, Chu, Yin-Hao, Asta, Mark, Voorhees, Peter W., Alivisatos, A. Paul, and Zheng, Haimei. Tue . "Dynamics of Nanoscale Dendrite Formation in Solution Growth Revealed Through in Situ Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b02819. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1542325.
@article{osti_1542325,
title = {Dynamics of Nanoscale Dendrite Formation in Solution Growth Revealed Through in Situ Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy},
author = {Hauwiller, Matthew R. and Zhang, Xiaowei and Liang, Wen-I and Chiu, Chung-Hua and Zhang, Qian and Zheng, Wenjing and Ophus, Colin and Chan, Emory M. and Czarnik, Cory and Pan, Ming and Ross, Frances M. and Wu, Wen-Wei and Chu, Yin-Hao and Asta, Mark and Voorhees, Peter W. and Alivisatos, A. Paul and Zheng, Haimei},
abstractNote = {Formation mechanisms of dendrite structures have been extensively explored theoretically, and many theoretical predictions have been validated for micro- or macroscale dendrites. However, it is challenging to determine whether classical dendrite growth theories are applicable at the nanoscale due to the lack of detailed information on the nanodendrite growth dynamics. Here, we study iron oxide nanodendrite formation using liquid cell transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We observe "seaweed"-like iron oxide nanodendrites growing predominantly in two dimensions on the membrane of a liquid cell. By tracking the trajectories of their morphology development with high spatial and temporal resolution, it is possible to explore the relationship between the tip curvature and growth rate, tip splitting mechanisms, and the effects of precursor diffusion and depletion on the morphology evolution. We show that the growth of iron oxide nanodendrites is remarkably consistent with the existing theoretical predictions on dendritic morphology evolution during growth, despite occurring at the nanoscale.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b02819},
journal = {Nano Letters},
number = 10,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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