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Title: The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Overview and Evaluation at Standard Resolution

Abstract

This work documents the first version of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) new Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SMv1). We focus on the standard resolution of the fully coupled physical model designed to address DOE mission-relevant water cycle questions. Its components include atmosphere and land (110-km grid spacing), ocean and sea ice (60 km in the midlatitudes and 30 km at the equator and poles), and river transport (55 km) models. This base configuration will also serve as a foundation for additional configurations exploring higher horizontal resolution as well as augmented capabilities in the form of biogeochemistry and cryosphere configurations. The performance of E3SMv1 is evaluated by means of a standard set of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Characterization of Klima simulations consisting of a long preindustrial control, historical simulations (ensembles of fully coupled and prescribed SSTs) as well as idealized CO2 forcing simulations. The model performs well overall with biases typical of other CMIP-class models, although the simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation is weaker than many CMIP-class models. While the E3SMv1 historical ensemble captures the bulk of the observed warming between preindustrial (1850) and present day, the trajectory of the warming diverges frommore » observations in the second half of the twentieth century with a period of delayed warming followed by an excessive warming trend. Using a two-layer energy balance model, we attribute this divergence to the model's strong aerosol-related effective radiative forcing (ERFari+aci = -1.65 W/m2) and high equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS = 5.3 K).« less

Authors:
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore CA USA
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos NM USA
  3. Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Houston Houston TX USA
  4. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN USA
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley CA USA
  6. Department of Hydrology and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of Arizona Tucson AZ USA
  7. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland WA USA
  8. Sandia National Laboratory Albuquerque NM USA; Department of MathematicsUniversity of British Columbia Vancouver British Columbia Canada
  9. Argonne National Laboratory Lemont IL USA
  10. Climate and Space Sciences and EngineeringUniversity of Michigan Ann Arbor MI USA
  11. Sandia National Laboratory Albuquerque NM USA
  12. Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos NM USA; Associated Engineering Group of Companies Edmonton Alberta Canada
  13. Department of Mathematical SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin‐Milwaukee Milwaukee WI USA
  14. National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder CO USA
  15. Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton NY USA
  16. Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos NM USA; National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder CO USA
  17. Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California, San Diego La Jolla CA USA
  18. Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos NM USA; Congressional Science FellowU.S. House of Representatives Washington DC USA
  19. PHWorley Consulting Oak Ridge TN USA
  20. School of Earth Sciences and Environmental EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and Technology Gwangju South Korea
  21. Departments of Earth System Science and Computer ScienceUniversity of California Irvine CA USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
E3SM Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1542230
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1526209; OSTI ID: 1542594; OSTI ID: 1548349; OSTI ID: 1572499; OSTI ID: 1572827
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-6401J; LLNL-JRNL-764441; PNNL-SA-141816
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC04-94AL85000; SC0012778; AC02-05CH11231; AC05-000R22725; AC52-07NA27344; AC05-76RL01830; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Environmental sciences, Geosciences

Citation Formats

Golaz, Jean‐Christophe, Caldwell, Peter M., Van Roekel, Luke P., Petersen, Mark R., Tang, Qi, Wolfe, Jonathan D., Abeshu, Guta, Anantharaj, Valentine, Asay‐Davis, Xylar S., Bader, David C., Baldwin, Sterling A., Bisht, Gautam, Bogenschutz, Peter A., Branstetter, Marcia, Brunke, Michael A., Brus, Steven R., Burrows, Susannah M., Cameron‐Smith, Philip J., Donahue, Aaron S., Deakin, Michael, Easter, Richard C., Evans, Katherine J., Feng, Yan, Flanner, Mark, Foucar, James G., Fyke, Jeremy G., Griffin, Brian M., Hannay, Cécile, Harrop, Bryce E., Hoffman, Mattthew J., Hunke, Elizabeth C., Jacob, Robert L., Jacobsen, Douglas W., Jeffery, Nicole, Jones, Philip W., Keen, Noel D., Klein, Stephen A., Larson, Vincent E., Leung, L. Ruby, Li, Hong‐Yi, Lin, Wuyin, Lipscomb, William H., Ma, Po‐Lun, Mahajan, Salil, Maltrud, Mathew E., Mametjanov, Azamat, McClean, Julie L., McCoy, Renata B., Neale, Richard B., Price, Stephen F., Qian, Yun, Rasch, Philip J., Reeves Eyre, J. E. Jack, Riley, William J., Ringler, Todd D., Roberts, Andrew F., Roesler, Erika L., Salinger, Andrew G., Shaheen, Zeshawn, Shi, Xiaoying, Singh, Balwinder, Tang, Jinyun, Taylor, Mark A., Thornton, Peter E., Turner, Adrian K., Veneziani, Milena, Wan, Hui, Wang, Hailong, Wang, Shanlin, Williams, Dean N., Wolfram, Phillip J., Worley, Patrick H., Xie, Shaocheng, Yang, Yang, Yoon, Jin‐Ho, Zelinka, Mark D., Zender, Charles S., Zeng, Xubin, Zhang, Chengzhu, Zhang, Kai, Zhang, Yuying, Zheng, Xue, Zhou, Tian, and Zhu, Qing. The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Overview and Evaluation at Standard Resolution. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018MS001603.
Golaz, Jean‐Christophe, Caldwell, Peter M., Van Roekel, Luke P., Petersen, Mark R., Tang, Qi, Wolfe, Jonathan D., Abeshu, Guta, Anantharaj, Valentine, Asay‐Davis, Xylar S., Bader, David C., Baldwin, Sterling A., Bisht, Gautam, Bogenschutz, Peter A., Branstetter, Marcia, Brunke, Michael A., Brus, Steven R., Burrows, Susannah M., Cameron‐Smith, Philip J., Donahue, Aaron S., Deakin, Michael, Easter, Richard C., Evans, Katherine J., Feng, Yan, Flanner, Mark, Foucar, James G., Fyke, Jeremy G., Griffin, Brian M., Hannay, Cécile, Harrop, Bryce E., Hoffman, Mattthew J., Hunke, Elizabeth C., Jacob, Robert L., Jacobsen, Douglas W., Jeffery, Nicole, Jones, Philip W., Keen, Noel D., Klein, Stephen A., Larson, Vincent E., Leung, L. Ruby, Li, Hong‐Yi, Lin, Wuyin, Lipscomb, William H., Ma, Po‐Lun, Mahajan, Salil, Maltrud, Mathew E., Mametjanov, Azamat, McClean, Julie L., McCoy, Renata B., Neale, Richard B., Price, Stephen F., Qian, Yun, Rasch, Philip J., Reeves Eyre, J. E. Jack, Riley, William J., Ringler, Todd D., Roberts, Andrew F., Roesler, Erika L., Salinger, Andrew G., Shaheen, Zeshawn, Shi, Xiaoying, Singh, Balwinder, Tang, Jinyun, Taylor, Mark A., Thornton, Peter E., Turner, Adrian K., Veneziani, Milena, Wan, Hui, Wang, Hailong, Wang, Shanlin, Williams, Dean N., Wolfram, Phillip J., Worley, Patrick H., Xie, Shaocheng, Yang, Yang, Yoon, Jin‐Ho, Zelinka, Mark D., Zender, Charles S., Zeng, Xubin, Zhang, Chengzhu, Zhang, Kai, Zhang, Yuying, Zheng, Xue, Zhou, Tian, & Zhu, Qing. The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Overview and Evaluation at Standard Resolution. United States. doi:10.1029/2018MS001603.
Golaz, Jean‐Christophe, Caldwell, Peter M., Van Roekel, Luke P., Petersen, Mark R., Tang, Qi, Wolfe, Jonathan D., Abeshu, Guta, Anantharaj, Valentine, Asay‐Davis, Xylar S., Bader, David C., Baldwin, Sterling A., Bisht, Gautam, Bogenschutz, Peter A., Branstetter, Marcia, Brunke, Michael A., Brus, Steven R., Burrows, Susannah M., Cameron‐Smith, Philip J., Donahue, Aaron S., Deakin, Michael, Easter, Richard C., Evans, Katherine J., Feng, Yan, Flanner, Mark, Foucar, James G., Fyke, Jeremy G., Griffin, Brian M., Hannay, Cécile, Harrop, Bryce E., Hoffman, Mattthew J., Hunke, Elizabeth C., Jacob, Robert L., Jacobsen, Douglas W., Jeffery, Nicole, Jones, Philip W., Keen, Noel D., Klein, Stephen A., Larson, Vincent E., Leung, L. Ruby, Li, Hong‐Yi, Lin, Wuyin, Lipscomb, William H., Ma, Po‐Lun, Mahajan, Salil, Maltrud, Mathew E., Mametjanov, Azamat, McClean, Julie L., McCoy, Renata B., Neale, Richard B., Price, Stephen F., Qian, Yun, Rasch, Philip J., Reeves Eyre, J. E. Jack, Riley, William J., Ringler, Todd D., Roberts, Andrew F., Roesler, Erika L., Salinger, Andrew G., Shaheen, Zeshawn, Shi, Xiaoying, Singh, Balwinder, Tang, Jinyun, Taylor, Mark A., Thornton, Peter E., Turner, Adrian K., Veneziani, Milena, Wan, Hui, Wang, Hailong, Wang, Shanlin, Williams, Dean N., Wolfram, Phillip J., Worley, Patrick H., Xie, Shaocheng, Yang, Yang, Yoon, Jin‐Ho, Zelinka, Mark D., Zender, Charles S., Zeng, Xubin, Zhang, Chengzhu, Zhang, Kai, Zhang, Yuying, Zheng, Xue, Zhou, Tian, and Zhu, Qing. Fri . "The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Overview and Evaluation at Standard Resolution". United States. doi:10.1029/2018MS001603. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1542230.
@article{osti_1542230,
title = {The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Overview and Evaluation at Standard Resolution},
author = {Golaz, Jean‐Christophe and Caldwell, Peter M. and Van Roekel, Luke P. and Petersen, Mark R. and Tang, Qi and Wolfe, Jonathan D. and Abeshu, Guta and Anantharaj, Valentine and Asay‐Davis, Xylar S. and Bader, David C. and Baldwin, Sterling A. and Bisht, Gautam and Bogenschutz, Peter A. and Branstetter, Marcia and Brunke, Michael A. and Brus, Steven R. and Burrows, Susannah M. and Cameron‐Smith, Philip J. and Donahue, Aaron S. and Deakin, Michael and Easter, Richard C. and Evans, Katherine J. and Feng, Yan and Flanner, Mark and Foucar, James G. and Fyke, Jeremy G. and Griffin, Brian M. and Hannay, Cécile and Harrop, Bryce E. and Hoffman, Mattthew J. and Hunke, Elizabeth C. and Jacob, Robert L. and Jacobsen, Douglas W. and Jeffery, Nicole and Jones, Philip W. and Keen, Noel D. and Klein, Stephen A. and Larson, Vincent E. and Leung, L. Ruby and Li, Hong‐Yi and Lin, Wuyin and Lipscomb, William H. and Ma, Po‐Lun and Mahajan, Salil and Maltrud, Mathew E. and Mametjanov, Azamat and McClean, Julie L. and McCoy, Renata B. and Neale, Richard B. and Price, Stephen F. and Qian, Yun and Rasch, Philip J. and Reeves Eyre, J. E. Jack and Riley, William J. and Ringler, Todd D. and Roberts, Andrew F. and Roesler, Erika L. and Salinger, Andrew G. and Shaheen, Zeshawn and Shi, Xiaoying and Singh, Balwinder and Tang, Jinyun and Taylor, Mark A. and Thornton, Peter E. and Turner, Adrian K. and Veneziani, Milena and Wan, Hui and Wang, Hailong and Wang, Shanlin and Williams, Dean N. and Wolfram, Phillip J. and Worley, Patrick H. and Xie, Shaocheng and Yang, Yang and Yoon, Jin‐Ho and Zelinka, Mark D. and Zender, Charles S. and Zeng, Xubin and Zhang, Chengzhu and Zhang, Kai and Zhang, Yuying and Zheng, Xue and Zhou, Tian and Zhu, Qing},
abstractNote = {This work documents the first version of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) new Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SMv1). We focus on the standard resolution of the fully coupled physical model designed to address DOE mission-relevant water cycle questions. Its components include atmosphere and land (110-km grid spacing), ocean and sea ice (60 km in the midlatitudes and 30 km at the equator and poles), and river transport (55 km) models. This base configuration will also serve as a foundation for additional configurations exploring higher horizontal resolution as well as augmented capabilities in the form of biogeochemistry and cryosphere configurations. The performance of E3SMv1 is evaluated by means of a standard set of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Characterization of Klima simulations consisting of a long preindustrial control, historical simulations (ensembles of fully coupled and prescribed SSTs) as well as idealized CO2 forcing simulations. The model performs well overall with biases typical of other CMIP-class models, although the simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation is weaker than many CMIP-class models. While the E3SMv1 historical ensemble captures the bulk of the observed warming between preindustrial (1850) and present day, the trajectory of the warming diverges from observations in the second half of the twentieth century with a period of delayed warming followed by an excessive warming trend. Using a two-layer energy balance model, we attribute this divergence to the model's strong aerosol-related effective radiative forcing (ERFari+aci = -1.65 W/m2) and high equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS = 5.3 K).},
doi = {10.1029/2018MS001603},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 7,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Typical processor layout, performance, and sequencing for all components in E3SMv1. Components include coupler (CPL), atmosphere (ATM), ocean (OCN), sea ice (ICE), land (LND), and river runoff (ROF). The hatched area represents unoccupied time. OCN runs concurrently on its own nodes and is load-balanced with ATM + ICE,more » which run sequentially. Driver overhead is 4%. Other layouts are possible, but we have found this to be the most robust and efficient.« less

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    Relationship of tropospheric stability to climate sensitivity and Earth’s observed radiation budget
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    PHC: A Global Ocean Hydrography with a High-Quality Arctic Ocean
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    A PDF-Based Model for Boundary Layer Clouds. Part I: Method and Model Description
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    A Dynamic Thermodynamic Sea Ice Model
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    Isopycnal Mixing in Ocean Circulation Models
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    An Elastic–Viscous–Plastic Model for Sea Ice Dynamics
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    Modeling Sea Ice Transport Using Incremental Remapping
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    The Version-2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979–Present)
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    Improvements to NOAA’s Historical Merged Land–Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (1880–2006)
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    Quantifying Climate Feedbacks Using Radiative Kernels
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    Earth's Global Energy Budget
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    Toward Optimal Closure of the Earth's Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget
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    Probing the Fast and Slow Components of Global Warming by Returning Abruptly to Preindustrial Forcing
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    Probabilistic Estimates of Transient Climate Sensitivity Subject to Uncertainty in Forcing and Natural Variability
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    Potential Predictability of the Madden–Julian Oscillation
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    The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Project: A Community Resource for Studying Climate Change in the Presence of Internal Climate Variability
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    Connecting Climate Model Projections of Global Temperature Change with the Real World
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    The Art and Science of Climate Model Tuning
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    Transient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution and Parameter Calibration Using CMIP5 AOGCM Experiments
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    Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) in CMIP5 Models: RCP and Historical Simulations
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    Time-Varying Climate Sensitivity from Regional Feedbacks
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    Advanced Two-Moment Bulk Microphysics for Global Models. Part II: Global Model Solutions and Aerosol–Cloud Interactions
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    The Dependence of Radiative Forcing and Feedback on Evolving Patterns of Surface Temperature Change in Climate Models
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    Rethinking the Lower Bound on Aerosol Radiative Forcing
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    The Effect of Arctic Freshwater Pathways on North Atlantic Convection and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
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    Conservative Transport Schemes for Spherical Geodesic Grids: High-Order Flux Operators for ODE-Based Time Integration
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    Arbitrary-Order Conservative and Consistent Remapping and a Theory of Linear Maps: Part I
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    Using Probability Density Functions to Derive Consistent Closure Relationships among Higher-Order Moments
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    The Model Coupling Toolkit: A New Fortran90 Toolkit for Building Multiphysics Parallel Coupled Models
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    Design and Implementation of Components in the Earth System Modeling Framework
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    A new flexible coupler for earth system modeling developed for CCSM4 and CESM1
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    Modeling M2 tidal variability in Arctic Sea-ice drift and deformation
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    OCEANFILMS sea-spray organic aerosol emissions – Part 1: implementation and impacts on clouds
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    Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2)
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    Practice and philosophy of climate model tuning across six US modeling centers
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    Impact of numerical choices on water conservation in the E3SM Atmosphere Model version 1 (EAMv1)
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    Regionally refined test bed in E3SM atmosphere model version 1 (EAMv1) and applications for high-resolution modeling
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    Toward a minimal representation of aerosols in climate models: description and evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5
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    Description and evaluation of a new four-mode version of the Modal Aerosol Module (MAM4) within version 5.3 of the Community Atmosphere Model
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    El Niño in a changing climate: a multi-model study
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    Understanding Monsoonal Water Cycle Changes in a Warmer Climate in E3SMv1 Using a Normalized Gross Moist Stability Framework
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    Regionally refined test bed in E3SM atmosphere model version 1 (EAMv1) and applications for high-resolution modeling
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