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Title: Laboratory space physics: Investigating the physics of space plasmas in the laboratory

Abstract

Laboratory experiments offer a valuable complement to explore the fundamental physics of space plasmas without the limitations inherent to spacecraft measurements. In particular, experiments overcome the restriction that spacecraft measurements are made at only one (or a few) points in space, enable greater control of the plasma conditions and applied perturbations, can be reproducible, and are orders of magnitude less expensive than launching spacecraft. In this work, I highlight key open questions about the physics of space plasmas and identify the aspects of these problems that can potentially be tackled in laboratory experiments. Several past successes in laboratory space physics provide concrete examples of how complementary experiments can contribute to our understanding of physical processes at play in the solar corona, solar wind, planetary magnetospheres, and the outer boundary of the heliosphere. I present developments on the horizon of laboratory space physics, identifying velocity space as a key new frontier, highlighting new and enhanced experimental facilities, and showcasing anticipated developments to produce improved diagnostics and innovative analysis methods. A strategy for future laboratory space physics investigations will be outlined, with explicit connections to specific fundamental plasma phenomena of interest.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1540185
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1433565
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-07ER54918; SC0014599; DE‐FC02‐07ER54918
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Howes, Gregory G. Laboratory space physics: Investigating the physics of space plasmas in the laboratory. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5025421.
Howes, Gregory G. Laboratory space physics: Investigating the physics of space plasmas in the laboratory. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5025421.
Howes, Gregory G. Wed . "Laboratory space physics: Investigating the physics of space plasmas in the laboratory". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5025421. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1540185.
@article{osti_1540185,
title = {Laboratory space physics: Investigating the physics of space plasmas in the laboratory},
author = {Howes, Gregory G.},
abstractNote = {Laboratory experiments offer a valuable complement to explore the fundamental physics of space plasmas without the limitations inherent to spacecraft measurements. In particular, experiments overcome the restriction that spacecraft measurements are made at only one (or a few) points in space, enable greater control of the plasma conditions and applied perturbations, can be reproducible, and are orders of magnitude less expensive than launching spacecraft. In this work, I highlight key open questions about the physics of space plasmas and identify the aspects of these problems that can potentially be tackled in laboratory experiments. Several past successes in laboratory space physics provide concrete examples of how complementary experiments can contribute to our understanding of physical processes at play in the solar corona, solar wind, planetary magnetospheres, and the outer boundary of the heliosphere. I present developments on the horizon of laboratory space physics, identifying velocity space as a key new frontier, highlighting new and enhanced experimental facilities, and showcasing anticipated developments to produce improved diagnostics and innovative analysis methods. A strategy for future laboratory space physics investigations will be outlined, with explicit connections to specific fundamental plasma phenomena of interest.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5025421},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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