skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Reactor for tracking catalyst nanoparticles in liquid at high temperature under a high-pressure gas phase with X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Abstract

Structure of catalyst nanoparticles dispersed in liquid phase at high temperature under gas phase of reactant(s) at higher pressure (≥5 bars) is important for fundamental understanding of catalytic reactions performed on these catalyst nanoparticles. Most structural characterizations of a catalyst performing catalysis in liquid at high temperature under gas phase at high pressure were performed in an ex situ condition in terms of characterizations before or after catalysis since, from technical point of view, access to the catalyst nanoparticles during catalysis in liquid phase at high temperature under high pressure reactant gas is challenging. Here we designed a reactor which allows us to perform structural characterization using X-ray absorption spectroscopy including X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy to study catalyst nanoparticles under harsh catalysis conditions in terms of liquid up to 350 °C under gas phase with a pressure up to 50 bars. Finally, this reactor remains nanoparticles of a catalyst homogeneously dispersed in liquid during catalysis and X-ray absorption spectroscopy characterization.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering; Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. (Feng) [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering; Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1540128
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014561
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; Instruments & Instrumentation; Physics

Citation Formats

Nguyen, Luan, and Tao, Franklin. Reactor for tracking catalyst nanoparticles in liquid at high temperature under a high-pressure gas phase with X-ray absorption spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5003184.
Nguyen, Luan, & Tao, Franklin. Reactor for tracking catalyst nanoparticles in liquid at high temperature under a high-pressure gas phase with X-ray absorption spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5003184.
Nguyen, Luan, and Tao, Franklin. Wed . "Reactor for tracking catalyst nanoparticles in liquid at high temperature under a high-pressure gas phase with X-ray absorption spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5003184. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1540128.
@article{osti_1540128,
title = {Reactor for tracking catalyst nanoparticles in liquid at high temperature under a high-pressure gas phase with X-ray absorption spectroscopy},
author = {Nguyen, Luan and Tao, Franklin},
abstractNote = {Structure of catalyst nanoparticles dispersed in liquid phase at high temperature under gas phase of reactant(s) at higher pressure (≥5 bars) is important for fundamental understanding of catalytic reactions performed on these catalyst nanoparticles. Most structural characterizations of a catalyst performing catalysis in liquid at high temperature under gas phase at high pressure were performed in an ex situ condition in terms of characterizations before or after catalysis since, from technical point of view, access to the catalyst nanoparticles during catalysis in liquid phase at high temperature under high pressure reactant gas is challenging. Here we designed a reactor which allows us to perform structural characterization using X-ray absorption spectroscopy including X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy to study catalyst nanoparticles under harsh catalysis conditions in terms of liquid up to 350 °C under gas phase with a pressure up to 50 bars. Finally, this reactor remains nanoparticles of a catalyst homogeneously dispersed in liquid during catalysis and X-ray absorption spectroscopy characterization.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5003184},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 2,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Parr reactor (purchased from Parr Instrument Company) used for performing catalytic reactions on catalyst nanoparticles dispersed in liquid under gas phase of reactant(s) at high pressure. This is a typical setup in the lab to perform catalysis in liquid under gas phase at high pressure. (a) Photo ofmore » a Parr reactor used. (b) Section view of the internal structure of the Parr reactor.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Restructuring Transition Metal Oxide Nanorods for 100% Selectivity in Reduction of Nitric Oxide with Carbon Monoxide
journal, June 2013

  • Zhang, Shiran; Shan, Junjun; Zhu, Yuan
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl4015292

Chemistry at the square nanometer: reactivity at liquid/solid interfaces revealed with an STM
journal, January 2017

  • Münninghoff, Joris A. W.; Elemans, Johannes A. A. W.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 53, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6cc07862a

Direct catalytic conversion of methane to acetic acid in an aqueous medium
journal, April 1994


Catalysis and In Situ Studies of Rh 1 /Co 3 O 4 Nanorods in Reduction of NO with H 2
journal, April 2013

  • Wang, Lei; Zhang, Shiran; Zhu, Yuan
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/cs300816u

Formation of Second-Generation Nanoclusters on Metal Nanoparticles Driven by Reactant Gases
journal, July 2016


The Sonogashira Reaction:  A Booming Methodology in Synthetic Organic Chemistry
journal, March 2007

  • Chinchilla, Rafael; Nájera, Carmen
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 107, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr050992x

Catalytic Performance and in Situ Surface Chemistry of Pure α-MnO 2 Nanorods in Selective Reduction of NO and N 2 O with CO
journal, April 2013

  • Shan, Junjun; Zhu, Yuan; Zhang, Shiran
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp4018103

Theoretical Form Factor, Attenuation, and Scattering Tabulation for Z =1–92 from E =1–10 eV to E =0.4–1.0 MeV
journal, January 1995

  • Chantler, C. T.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 24, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.555974

The Nature of Water Nucleation Sites on TiO 2 (110) Surfaces Revealed by Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, June 2007

  • Ketteler, Guido; Yamamoto, Susumu; Bluhm, Hendrik
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 111, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp068606i

Tuning Catalytic Performance through a Single or Sequential Post-Synthesis Reaction(s) in a Gas Phase
journal, December 2016


Design of a high-temperature and high-pressure liquid flow cell for x-ray absorption fine structure measurements under catalytic reaction conditions
journal, January 2008

  • Kawai, Toshihide; Chun, Wang-Jae; Asakura, Kiyotaka
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2829156

Visualization of Colloidal Nanocrystal Formation and Electrode–Electrolyte Interfaces in Liquids Using TEM
journal, July 2017


Microscopic models of PdZn alloy catalysts: structure and reactivity in methanol decomposition
journal, January 2007

  • Neyman, Konstantin M.; Lim, Kok Hwa; Chen, Zhao-Xu
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 9, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1039/b700548b

EXAFS measurements of a working catalyst in the liquid phase: An in situ study of a Ni2P hydrodesulfurization catalyst
journal, July 2006


Catalyst Chemical State during CO Oxidation Reaction on Cu(111) Studied with Ambient-Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Near Edge X-ray Adsorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy
journal, August 2015

  • Eren, Baran; Heine, Christian; Bluhm, Hendrik
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07451

Action of bimetallic nanocatalysts under reaction conditions and during catalysis: evolution of chemistry from high vacuum conditions to reaction conditions
journal, January 2012

  • Tao, Franklin (Feng); Zhang, Shiran; Nguyen, Luan
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 41, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cs35185d

Methanol Dehydrogenation and Formation of Carbonaceous Overlayers on Pd(111) Studied by High-Pressure SFG and XPS Spectroscopy
journal, August 2004

  • Morkel, M.; Kaichev, V. V.; Rupprechter, G.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 108, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp048149a

Ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy: A new tool for surface science and nanotechnology
journal, April 2008


Water Adsorption on α-Fe 2 O 3 (0001) at near Ambient Conditions
journal, January 2010

  • Yamamoto, Susumu; Kendelewicz, Tom; Newberg, John T.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp909876t

Transmission and fluorescence X-ray absorption spectroscopy cell/flow reactor for powder samples under vacuum or in reactive atmospheres
journal, July 2016

  • Hoffman, A. S.; Debefve, L. M.; Bendjeriou-Sedjerari, A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4958824

Conversion of Methane to Methanol with a Bent Mono(μ-oxo)dinickel Anchored on the Internal Surfaces of Micropores
journal, July 2014

  • Shan, Junjun; Huang, Weixin; Nguyen, Luan
  • Langmuir, Vol. 30, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/la501184b

WGS Catalysis and In Situ Studies of CoO 1– x , PtCo n /Co 3 O 4 , and Pt m Co m /CoO 1– x Nanorod Catalysts
journal, May 2013

  • Zhang, Shiran; Shan, Jun-jun; Zhu, Yuan
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja401967y

In Situ Studies of Chemistry and Structure of Materials in Reactive Environments
journal, January 2011


Recycling of CO 2 : Probing the Chemical State of the Ni(111) Surface during the Methanation Reaction with Ambient-Pressure X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, September 2016

  • Heine, Christian; Lechner, Barbara A. J.; Bluhm, Hendrik
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b06939

Formation of hydroxyl and water layers on MgO films studied with ambient pressure XPS
journal, January 2011


Atomic-Scale Structural Evolution of Rh(110) during Catalysis
journal, December 2016


Probing the Low-Temperature Water–Gas Shift Activity of Alkali-Promoted Platinum Catalysts Stabilized on Carbon Supports
journal, February 2014

  • Zugic, Branko; Zhang, Shiran; Bell, David C.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja4123889

In Situ X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Studies on the Effect of pH on Pt Electronic Density during Aqueous Phase Reforming of Glycerol
journal, September 2012

  • Karim, Ayman M.; Howard, Christopher; Roberts, Benjamin
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 2, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/cs3005049

Photoelectron spectroscopic study of CO and NO adsorption on Pd(100) surface under ambient pressure conditions
journal, September 2013


Bimetallic RhRe/C catalysts for the production of biomass-derived chemicals
journal, December 2013


Low-Temperature Transformation of Methane to Methanol on Pd 1 O 4 Single Sites Anchored on the Internal Surface of Microporous Silicate
journal, September 2016

  • Huang, Weixin; Zhang, Shiran; Tang, Yu
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201604708

Carbon−Carbon Coupling Reactions Catalyzed by Heterogeneous Palladium Catalysts
journal, January 2007

  • Yin, ; Liebscher, Jürgen
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 107, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr0505674

State of Supported Pd during Catalysis in Water
journal, August 2013

  • Chase, Zizwe A.; Fulton, John L.; Camaioni, Donald M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp404772p

Development of a reaction cell for in-situ/operando studies of surface of a catalyst under a reaction condition and during catalysis
journal, June 2016

  • Nguyen, Luan; Tao, Franklin (Feng)
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4946877

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.