skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Distinct Turbulence Structures in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers With Weak and Strong Surface Shear

Abstract

Turbulence structures and exchange of momentum and heat in the nocturnal stable boundary layer (SBL) show distinct features under different stability conditions prompting interest in their connection. Here eddy covariance data collected at four different heights on a 62-m meteorological tower over a large open flat terrain are used to characterize different SBL states and associated turbulence structures. In a SBL characterized by strong near-surface winds, turbulent eddy sizes scale with their observational heights and the SBL experiences enhanced turbulent mixing of momentum and heat throughout (a state hereafter referred to as a “coupled” state). Conversely, in a decoupled SBL, weak winds occur near the surface and turbulent eddies are depressed and detached from the boundary leading to suppressed vertical mixing and layered SBL profiles. Because the transport of momentum and heat to the surface across SBL layers is determined by turbulent eddies, cross-layer correlation and the aforementioned SBL coupling states can be delineated by distinct turbulence structures.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. Boston Univ., MA (United States)
  3. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
  4. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Air Resources Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1539760
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1463184
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0011461; SC-0011461
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Citation Formats

Lan, Changxing, Liu, Heping, Li, Dan, Katul, Gabriel G., and Finn, Dennis. Distinct Turbulence Structures in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers With Weak and Strong Surface Shear. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2018jd028628.
Lan, Changxing, Liu, Heping, Li, Dan, Katul, Gabriel G., & Finn, Dennis. Distinct Turbulence Structures in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers With Weak and Strong Surface Shear. United States. doi:10.1029/2018jd028628.
Lan, Changxing, Liu, Heping, Li, Dan, Katul, Gabriel G., and Finn, Dennis. Thu . "Distinct Turbulence Structures in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers With Weak and Strong Surface Shear". United States. doi:10.1029/2018jd028628. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1539760.
@article{osti_1539760,
title = {Distinct Turbulence Structures in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers With Weak and Strong Surface Shear},
author = {Lan, Changxing and Liu, Heping and Li, Dan and Katul, Gabriel G. and Finn, Dennis},
abstractNote = {Turbulence structures and exchange of momentum and heat in the nocturnal stable boundary layer (SBL) show distinct features under different stability conditions prompting interest in their connection. Here eddy covariance data collected at four different heights on a 62-m meteorological tower over a large open flat terrain are used to characterize different SBL states and associated turbulence structures. In a SBL characterized by strong near-surface winds, turbulent eddy sizes scale with their observational heights and the SBL experiences enhanced turbulent mixing of momentum and heat throughout (a state hereafter referred to as a “coupled” state). Conversely, in a decoupled SBL, weak winds occur near the surface and turbulent eddies are depressed and detached from the boundary leading to suppressed vertical mixing and layered SBL profiles. Because the transport of momentum and heat to the surface across SBL layers is determined by turbulent eddies, cross-layer correlation and the aforementioned SBL coupling states can be delineated by distinct turbulence structures.},
doi = {10.1029/2018jd028628},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 15,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Flux-profile Relationships for Wind Speed and Temperature in the Stable Atmospheric Boundary Layer
journal, March 2005


Evidence for Gap Flows in the Birch Creek Valley, Idaho
journal, December 2016

  • Finn, D.; Reese, B.; Butler, B.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 73, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-16-0052.1

Predictability of the Stable Atmospheric Boundary Layer
journal, May 1995


On Turbulent Fluxes During Strong Winter Bora Wind Events
journal, September 2015

  • Babić, Nevio; Večenaj, Željko; Kozmar, Hrvoje
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 158, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10546-015-0088-7

Analysis of turbulent exchange and coherent structures in the stable atmospheric boundary layer based on tower observations
journal, November 2013


A Solution for Flux Contamination by Mesoscale Motions With Very Weak Turbulence
journal, December 2005


Temperature measurement with a sonic anemometer and its application to heat and moisture fluxes
journal, May 1983

  • Schotanus, P.; Nieuwstadt, F. T. M.; De Bruin, H. A. R.
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00164332

Large CO 2 effluxes at night and during synoptic weather events significantly contribute to CO 2 emissions from a reservoir
journal, May 2016


Momentum balance of katabatic flow on steep slopes covered with short vegetation
journal, July 2014

  • Oldroyd, Holly J.; Katul, Gabriel; Pardyjak, Eric R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060313

Flux–Variance Similarity in Complex Terrain and Its Sensitivity to Different Methods of Treating Non-stationarity
journal, November 2015

  • Babić, Nevio; Večenaj, Željko; De Wekker, Stephan F. J.
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 159, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10546-015-0110-0

The Role of Large-Coherent-Eddy Transport in the Atmospheric Surface Layer Based on CASES-99 Observations
journal, February 2016

  • Sun, Jielun; Lenschow, Donald H.; LeMone, Margaret A.
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 160, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10546-016-0134-0

Characterization of Wind Meandering in Low-Wind-Speed Conditions
journal, June 2016

  • Mortarini, Luca; Stefanello, Michel; Degrazia, Gervasio
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 161, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10546-016-0165-6

A wavelet analysis of low-wind-speed submeso motions in a nocturnal boundary layer: A Wavelet Analysis of Low-Wind-Speed Submeso Motions
journal, December 2016

  • Cava, D.; Mortarini, L.; Giostra, U.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 143, Issue 703
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.2954

Formulation of Turbulent Fluxes in the Stable Boundary Layer
journal, October 2003


Contrasting structures between the decoupled and coupled states of the stable boundary layer: Stable Boundary Layer Coupling
journal, December 2015

  • Acevedo, Otávio C.; Mahrt, Larry; Puhales, Franciano S.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 142, Issue 695
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.2693

Intermittent Turbulence Associated with a Density Current Passage in the Stable Boundary Layer
journal, November 2002

  • Sun, Jielun; Burns, Sean P.; Lenschow, Donald H.
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 105, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1023/A:1019969131774

New Equations For Sonic Temperature Variance And Buoyancy Heat Flux With An Omnidirectional Sonic Anemometer
journal, September 2001

  • Liu, Heping; Peters, Gerhard; Foken, Thomas
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 100, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1023/A:1019207031397

Turbulence Regimes and Turbulence Intermittency in the Stable Boundary Layer during CASES-99
journal, January 2012

  • Sun, Jielun; Mahrt, Larry; Banta, Robert M.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 69, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-082.1

Non-closure of the surface energy balance explained by phase difference between vertical velocity and scalars of large atmospheric eddies
journal, March 2017

  • Gao, Zhongming; Liu, Heping; Katul, Gabriel G.
  • Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa625b

Two phenomenological constants explain similarity laws in stably stratified turbulence
journal, February 2014


The Coupling State of an Idealized Stable Boundary Layer
journal, January 2012

  • Acevedo, Otávio C.; Costa, Felipe D.; Degrazia, Gervásio A.
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 145, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10546-011-9676-3

Stably Stratified Atmospheric Boundary Layers
journal, January 2014


Influence of nocturnal low-level jet on turbulence structure and CO 2 flux measurements over a forest canopy
journal, January 2008

  • Karipot, Anandakumar; Leclerc, Monique Y.; Zhang, Gengsheng
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009149

The Turbulent Structure of the Stable, Nocturnal Boundary Layer
journal, July 1984


Heat Flux in the Strong-Wind Nocturnal Boundary Layer
journal, November 2016


Characterisation of the Nocturnal Boundary Layer at a Site in Northern Spain
journal, June 2008


Statistics of Turbulence in the Stable Boundary Layer Affected by Gravity Waves
journal, March 2013


Characteristics of Gravity Waves over an Antarctic Ice Sheet during an Austral Summer
journal, August 2015

  • Cava, Daniela; Giostra, Umberto; Katul, Gabriel
  • Atmosphere, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.3390/atmos6091271

Observations of submeso motions and intermittent turbulent mixing across a low level jet with a 132-m tower: Submeso Motions and Intermittent Turbulence
journal, December 2017

  • Mortarini, L.; Cava, D.; Giostra, U.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 144, Issue 710
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.3192

Predicting the Collapse of Turbulence in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers
journal, July 2007

  • van de Wiel, B. J. H.; Moene, A. F.; Steeneveld, G. J.
  • Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Vol. 79, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10494-007-9094-2

Characteristics of Submeso Winds in the Stable Boundary Layer
journal, November 2008