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Title: Constructing “Designer Atoms” via Resonant Graphene-Induced Lamb Shifts

Abstract

The properties of an electron in an atom or molecule are not fixed; rather they are a function of the optical environment of the emitter. Not only is the spontaneous emission a function of the optical environment, but also the underlying wave functions and energy levels, which are modified by the potential induced by quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field. In free space, this modification of atomic levels and wave functions is very weak and generally hard to observe due to the prevalence of other perturbations like fine structure. Here in this paper, we explore the possibility of highly tailorable electronic structure by exploiting large Lamb shifts in tunable electromagnetic environments such as graphene, whose optical properties are dynamically controlled via doping. The Fermi energy can be chosen so that the Lamb shift is very weak, but it can also be chosen so that the shifts become more prominent than the fine structure of the atom and even potentially the Coulomb interaction with the nucleus. Potential implications of this idea include being able to electronically shift an unfavorable emitter structure into a favorable one, a new approach to probe near-field physics in fluorescence, and a way to access regimes ofmore » physics where vacuum fluctuations are not a weak perturbation but rather the dominant physics.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Technion − Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa (Israel)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Krell Institute, Ames, IA (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1539597
Grant/Contract Number:  
[FG02-97ER25308; SC0001299]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 12]; Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science; Optics; Physics; Lamb shift; graphene plasmonics; light−matter interactions; quantum electrodynamics

Citation Formats

Chang, Cyuan-Han, Rivera, Nicholas, Joannopoulos, John D., Soljačić, Marin, and Kaminer, Ido. Constructing “Designer Atoms” via Resonant Graphene-Induced Lamb Shifts. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00731.
Chang, Cyuan-Han, Rivera, Nicholas, Joannopoulos, John D., Soljačić, Marin, & Kaminer, Ido. Constructing “Designer Atoms” via Resonant Graphene-Induced Lamb Shifts. United States. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00731.
Chang, Cyuan-Han, Rivera, Nicholas, Joannopoulos, John D., Soljačić, Marin, and Kaminer, Ido. Tue . "Constructing “Designer Atoms” via Resonant Graphene-Induced Lamb Shifts". United States. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00731. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1539597.
@article{osti_1539597,
title = {Constructing “Designer Atoms” via Resonant Graphene-Induced Lamb Shifts},
author = {Chang, Cyuan-Han and Rivera, Nicholas and Joannopoulos, John D. and Soljačić, Marin and Kaminer, Ido},
abstractNote = {The properties of an electron in an atom or molecule are not fixed; rather they are a function of the optical environment of the emitter. Not only is the spontaneous emission a function of the optical environment, but also the underlying wave functions and energy levels, which are modified by the potential induced by quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field. In free space, this modification of atomic levels and wave functions is very weak and generally hard to observe due to the prevalence of other perturbations like fine structure. Here in this paper, we explore the possibility of highly tailorable electronic structure by exploiting large Lamb shifts in tunable electromagnetic environments such as graphene, whose optical properties are dynamically controlled via doping. The Fermi energy can be chosen so that the Lamb shift is very weak, but it can also be chosen so that the shifts become more prominent than the fine structure of the atom and even potentially the Coulomb interaction with the nucleus. Potential implications of this idea include being able to electronically shift an unfavorable emitter structure into a favorable one, a new approach to probe near-field physics in fluorescence, and a way to access regimes of physics where vacuum fluctuations are not a weak perturbation but rather the dominant physics.},
doi = {10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00731},
journal = {ACS Photonics},
number = [12],
volume = [4],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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