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Title: Assessment of CO 2 Storage Potential in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs With Dual–Porosity Models

Abstract

Naturally Fractured Reservoirs (NFR’s) have received little attention as potential CO 2 storage sites. Two main facts deter from storage projects in fractured reservoirs: (1) CO 2 tends to be nonwetting in target formations and capillary forces will keep CO 2 in the fractures, which typically have low pore volume; and (2) the high conductivity of the fractures may lead to increased spatial spreading of the CO 2 plume. Numerical simulations are a powerful tool to understand the physics behind brine-CO 2 flow in NFR’s. Dual-porosity models are typically used to simulate multiphase flow in fractured formations. However, existing dual-porosity models are based on crude approximations of the matrix-fracture fluid transfer processes and often fail to capture the dynamics of fluid exchange accurately. Therefore, more accurate transfer functions are needed in order to evaluate the CO 2 transfer to the matrix. This work presents an assessment of CO 2 storage potential in NFR’s using dual-porosity models. We investigate the impact of a system of fractures on storage in a saline aquifer, by analyzing the time scales of brine drainage by CO 2 in the matrix blocks and the maximum CO 2 that can be stored in the rock matrix. Amore » new model to estimate drainage time scales is developed and used in a transfer function for dual-porosity simulations. Furthermore, we then analyze how injection rates should be limited in order to avoid early spill of CO 2 (lost control of the plume) on a conceptual anticline model. Numerical simulations on the anticline show that naturally fractured reservoirs may be used to store CO 2.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Heriot‐Watt Univ., Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1537335
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1424804
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0023323
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1397
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Water Resources; geological storage of CO2; dual‐porosity models; naturally fractured reservoirs; numerical simulation; upscaling

Citation Formats

March, Rafael, Doster, Florian, and Geiger, Sebastian. Assessment of CO2 Storage Potential in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs With Dual–Porosity Models. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/2017wr022159.
March, Rafael, Doster, Florian, & Geiger, Sebastian. Assessment of CO2 Storage Potential in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs With Dual–Porosity Models. United States. doi:10.1002/2017wr022159.
March, Rafael, Doster, Florian, and Geiger, Sebastian. Fri . "Assessment of CO2 Storage Potential in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs With Dual–Porosity Models". United States. doi:10.1002/2017wr022159. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1537335.
@article{osti_1537335,
title = {Assessment of CO2 Storage Potential in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs With Dual–Porosity Models},
author = {March, Rafael and Doster, Florian and Geiger, Sebastian},
abstractNote = {Naturally Fractured Reservoirs (NFR’s) have received little attention as potential CO2 storage sites. Two main facts deter from storage projects in fractured reservoirs: (1) CO2 tends to be nonwetting in target formations and capillary forces will keep CO2 in the fractures, which typically have low pore volume; and (2) the high conductivity of the fractures may lead to increased spatial spreading of the CO2 plume. Numerical simulations are a powerful tool to understand the physics behind brine-CO2 flow in NFR’s. Dual-porosity models are typically used to simulate multiphase flow in fractured formations. However, existing dual-porosity models are based on crude approximations of the matrix-fracture fluid transfer processes and often fail to capture the dynamics of fluid exchange accurately. Therefore, more accurate transfer functions are needed in order to evaluate the CO2 transfer to the matrix. This work presents an assessment of CO2 storage potential in NFR’s using dual-porosity models. We investigate the impact of a system of fractures on storage in a saline aquifer, by analyzing the time scales of brine drainage by CO2 in the matrix blocks and the maximum CO2 that can be stored in the rock matrix. A new model to estimate drainage time scales is developed and used in a transfer function for dual-porosity simulations. Furthermore, we then analyze how injection rates should be limited in order to avoid early spill of CO2 (lost control of the plume) on a conceptual anticline model. Numerical simulations on the anticline show that naturally fractured reservoirs may be used to store CO2.},
doi = {10.1002/2017wr022159},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 3,
volume = 54,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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