skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Simulation of Precipitation Extremes Using a Stochastic Convective Parameterization in the NCAR CAM5 Under Different Resolutions

Abstract

With the incorporation of the Plant-Craig stochastic deep convection scheme into the Zhang-McFarlane deterministic parameterization in the Community Atmospheric Model version 5 (CAM5), its impact on extreme precipitation at different resolutions (2°, 1°, and 0.5°) is investigated. CAM5 with the stochastic deep convection scheme (experiment (EXP)) simulates the precipitation extreme indices better than the standard version (control). At 2° and 1° resolutions, EXP increases high percentile (>99th) daily precipitation over the United States, Europe, and China, resulting in a better agreement with observations. However, at 0.5° resolution, due to enhanced grid-scale precipitation with increasing resolution, EXP overestimates extreme precipitation over southeastern U.S. and eastern Europe. The reduced biases in EXP at each resolution benefit from a broader probability distribution function of convective precipitation intensity simulated. Among EXP simulations at different resolutions, if the spatial averaging area over which input quantities used in convective closure are spatially averaged in the stochastic convection scheme is comparable, the modeled convective precipitation intensity decreases with increasing resolution, when gridded to the same resolution, while the total precipitation is not sensitive to model resolution, exhibiting some degree of scale-awareness. Sensitivity tests show that for the same resolution, increasing the size of spatial averaging area decreasesmore » convective precipitation but increases the grid-scale precipitation.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1537318
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016504
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Citation Formats

Wang, Yong, Zhang, Guang J., and He, Yu‐Jun. Simulation of Precipitation Extremes Using a Stochastic Convective Parameterization in the NCAR CAM5 Under Different Resolutions. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017jd026901.
Wang, Yong, Zhang, Guang J., & He, Yu‐Jun. Simulation of Precipitation Extremes Using a Stochastic Convective Parameterization in the NCAR CAM5 Under Different Resolutions. United States. doi:10.1002/2017jd026901.
Wang, Yong, Zhang, Guang J., and He, Yu‐Jun. Wed . "Simulation of Precipitation Extremes Using a Stochastic Convective Parameterization in the NCAR CAM5 Under Different Resolutions". United States. doi:10.1002/2017jd026901. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1537318.
@article{osti_1537318,
title = {Simulation of Precipitation Extremes Using a Stochastic Convective Parameterization in the NCAR CAM5 Under Different Resolutions},
author = {Wang, Yong and Zhang, Guang J. and He, Yu‐Jun},
abstractNote = {With the incorporation of the Plant-Craig stochastic deep convection scheme into the Zhang-McFarlane deterministic parameterization in the Community Atmospheric Model version 5 (CAM5), its impact on extreme precipitation at different resolutions (2°, 1°, and 0.5°) is investigated. CAM5 with the stochastic deep convection scheme (experiment (EXP)) simulates the precipitation extreme indices better than the standard version (control). At 2° and 1° resolutions, EXP increases high percentile (>99th) daily precipitation over the United States, Europe, and China, resulting in a better agreement with observations. However, at 0.5° resolution, due to enhanced grid-scale precipitation with increasing resolution, EXP overestimates extreme precipitation over southeastern U.S. and eastern Europe. The reduced biases in EXP at each resolution benefit from a broader probability distribution function of convective precipitation intensity simulated. Among EXP simulations at different resolutions, if the spatial averaging area over which input quantities used in convective closure are spatially averaged in the stochastic convection scheme is comparable, the modeled convective precipitation intensity decreases with increasing resolution, when gridded to the same resolution, while the total precipitation is not sensitive to model resolution, exhibiting some degree of scale-awareness. Sensitivity tests show that for the same resolution, increasing the size of spatial averaging area decreases convective precipitation but increases the grid-scale precipitation.},
doi = {10.1002/2017jd026901},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 23,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Exploratory High-Resolution Climate Simulations using the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM)
journal, May 2014

  • Bacmeister, Julio T.; Wehner, Michael F.; Neale, Richard B.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 27, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00387.1

Regional, Seasonal, and Diurnal Variations of Extreme Convection in the South Asian Region
journal, January 2010

  • Romatschke, Ulrike; Medina, Socorro; Houze, Robert A.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 23, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI3140.1

Convergence of aqua-planet simulations with increasing resolution in the Community Atmospheric Model, Version 3
journal, January 2008


Temporal–Spatial Scales of Observed and Simulated Precipitation in Central U.S. Climate
journal, November 2003


Precipitation over East Asia simulated by NCAR CAM5 at different horizontal resolutions: PRECIPITATION SIMULATED BY CAM5
journal, May 2015

  • Li, Jian; Yu, Rucong; Yuan, Weihua
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000414

A Stochastic Parameterization for Deep Convection Based on Equilibrium Statistics
journal, January 2008

  • Plant, R. S.; Craig, G. C.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 65, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007JAS2263.1

U.K. HiGEM: The New U.K. High-Resolution Global Environment Model—Model Description and Basic Evaluation
journal, April 2009

  • Shaffrey, L. C.; Stevens, I.; Norton, W. A.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2508.1

Statistical bias correction of global simulated daily precipitation and temperature for the application of hydrological models
journal, December 2010


Global climate impacts of stochastic deep convection parameterization in the NCARCAM5: CLIMATE IMPACTS OF PC SCHEME IN CAM5
journal, October 2016

  • Wang, Yong; Zhang, Guang J.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016MS000756

CRCP: a Cloud Resolving Convection Parameterization for modeling the tropical convecting atmosphere
journal, September 1999


How Often Will It Rain?
journal, October 2007

  • Sun, Ying; Solomon, Susan; Dai, Aiguo
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 20, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4263.1

Improving the global precipitation record: GPCP Version 2.1
journal, January 2009

  • Huffman, George J.; Adler, Robert F.; Bolvin, David T.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009GL040000

Effects of model resolution and subgrid-scale physics on the simulation of precipitation in the continental United States
journal, August 2004


Sensitivity of Simulated Climate to Horizontal and Vertical Resolution in the ECHAM5 Atmosphere Model
journal, August 2006

  • Roeckner, E.; Brokopf, R.; Esch, M.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3824.1

Fluctuations in an Equilibrium Convective Ensemble. Part II: Numerical Experiments
journal, August 2006

  • Cohen, Brenda G.; Craig, George C.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 63, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS3710.1

Summarizing multiple aspects of model performance in a single diagram
journal, April 2001

  • Taylor, Karl E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900719

Toward Optimal Closure of the Earth's Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget
journal, February 2009

  • Loeb, Norman G.; Wielicki, Bruce A.; Doelling, David R.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2637.1

The Plant–Craig Stochastic Convection Scheme in ICON and Its Scale Adaptivity
journal, September 2014

  • Keane, Richard J.; Craig, George C.; Keil, Christian
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 71, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-0331.1

Testing the Clausius–Clapeyron constraint on changes in extreme precipitation under CO2 warming
journal, August 2006


Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle
journal, September 2002


A cloud resolving model as a cloud parameterization in the NCAR Community Climate System Model: Preliminary results
journal, September 2001

  • Khairoutdinov, Marat F.; Randall, David A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 28, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001GL013552

Smart Interpolation of Annually Averaged Air Temperature in the United States
journal, December 1995


Effect of mesoscale topography over the Tibetan Plateau on summer precipitation in China: A regional model study
journal, January 2008

  • Shi, Xiaoying; Wang, Yuqing; Xu, Xiangde
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL034740

Resolution dependence of precipitation statistical fidelity in hindcast simulations: ILIAD SIMULATIONS OF PRECIPITATION
journal, June 2016

  • O'Brien, Travis A.; Collins, William D.; Kashinath, Karthik
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016MS000671

Robust effects of cloud superparameterization on simulated daily rainfall intensity statistics across multiple versions of the C ommunity E arth S ystem M odel
journal, February 2016

  • Kooperman, Gabriel J.; Pritchard, Michael S.; Burt, Melissa A.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015MS000574

Fluctuations in an Equilibrium Convective Ensemble. Part I: Theoretical Formulation
journal, August 2006

  • Craig, George C.; Cohen, Brenda G.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 63, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS3709.1

The Impact of Convection on ENSO: From a Delayed Oscillator to a Series of Events
journal, November 2008

  • Neale, Richard B.; Richter, Jadwiga H.; Jochum, Markus
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 21, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2244.1

Resolution‐dependent behavior of subgrid‐scale vertical transport in the Z hang‐ M c F arlane convection parameterization
journal, April 2015

  • Xiao, Heng; Gustafson, William I.; Hagos, Samson M.
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000356

Stratiform Rain in the Tropics as Seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar*
journal, June 2003


Evaluating regional climate model estimates against site-specific observed data in the UK
journal, February 2008


Ocean surface wind fields estimated from satellite active and passive microwave instruments
journal, January 1999

  • Bentamy, A.; Queffeulou, P.; Quilfen, Y.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 37, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/36.789643

A New Moist Turbulence Parameterization in the Community Atmosphere Model
journal, June 2009


Transport above the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone inferred from Aura Microwave Limb Sounder tracers
journal, January 2007

  • Park, Mijeong; Randel, William J.; Gettelman, Andrew
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, Issue D16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD008294

A multimodel intercomparison of resolution effects on precipitation: simulations and theory
journal, February 2016

  • Rauscher, Sara A.; O’Brien, Travis A.; Piani, Claudio
  • Climate Dynamics, Vol. 47, Issue 7-8
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2959-5

Stochastic convective parameterization improving the simulation of tropical precipitation variability in the NCAR CAM5: STOCHASTIC CONVECTIVE PARAMETERIZATION
journal, June 2016

  • Wang, Yong; Zhang, Guang J.; Craig, George C.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL069818

A European daily high-resolution gridded data set of surface temperature and precipitation for 1950–2006
journal, January 2008

  • Haylock, M. R.; Hofstra, N.; Klein Tank, A. M. G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010201

The TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA): Quasi-Global, Multiyear, Combined-Sensor Precipitation Estimates at Fine Scales
journal, February 2007

  • Huffman, George J.; Bolvin, David T.; Nelkin, Eric J.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM560.1

Improved simulation of extreme precipitation in a high-resolution atmosphere model: EXTREME PRECIPITATION AT HIGH RESOLUTION
journal, November 2013

  • Kopparla, Pushkar; Fischer, Erich M.; Hannay, Cécile
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057866

Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Extremes in the IPCC Ensemble of Global Coupled Model Simulations
journal, April 2007

  • Kharin, Viatcheslav V.; Zwiers, Francis W.; Zhang, Xuebin
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 20, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4066.1

The Version-2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979–Present)
journal, December 2003


The processes governing horizontal resolution sensitivity in a climate model
journal, July 2002