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Title: Emergent Behavior of Arctic Precipitation in Response to Enhanced Arctic Warming: Enhanced Arctic Precipitation

Abstract

Amplified warming of the high latitudes in response to human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases has already been observed in the historical record and is a robust feature evident across a hierarchy of model systems, including the models of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). The main aims of this analysis are to quantify intermodel differences in the Arctic amplification (AA) of the global warming signal in CMIP5 RCP8.5 (Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5) simulations and to diagnose these differences in the context of the energy and water cycles of the region. This diagnosis reveals an emergent behavior between the energetic and hydrometeorological responses of the Arctic to warming: in particular, enhanced AA and its associated reduction in dry static energy convergence is balanced to first order by latent heating via enhanced precipitation. This balance necessitates increasing Arctic precipitation with increasing AA while at the same time constraining the magnitude of that precipitation increase. The sensitivity of the increase, ~1.25 (W/m2)/K (~240 (km3/yr)/K), is evident across a broad range of historical and projected AA values. Accounting for the energetic constraint on Arctic precipitation, as a function of AA, in turn informs understanding of both the sign and magnitude of hydrologicmore » cycle changes that the Arctic may experience.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Boston Univ., MA (United States)
  2. Quantar Technology, Inc., Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  3. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Boston Univ., MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1537317
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0004975
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Citation Formats

Anderson, Bruce T., Feldl, Nicole, and Lintner, Benjamin R. Emergent Behavior of Arctic Precipitation in Response to Enhanced Arctic Warming: Enhanced Arctic Precipitation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017jd026799.
Anderson, Bruce T., Feldl, Nicole, & Lintner, Benjamin R. Emergent Behavior of Arctic Precipitation in Response to Enhanced Arctic Warming: Enhanced Arctic Precipitation. United States. doi:10.1002/2017jd026799.
Anderson, Bruce T., Feldl, Nicole, and Lintner, Benjamin R. Wed . "Emergent Behavior of Arctic Precipitation in Response to Enhanced Arctic Warming: Enhanced Arctic Precipitation". United States. doi:10.1002/2017jd026799. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1537317.
@article{osti_1537317,
title = {Emergent Behavior of Arctic Precipitation in Response to Enhanced Arctic Warming: Enhanced Arctic Precipitation},
author = {Anderson, Bruce T. and Feldl, Nicole and Lintner, Benjamin R.},
abstractNote = {Amplified warming of the high latitudes in response to human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases has already been observed in the historical record and is a robust feature evident across a hierarchy of model systems, including the models of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). The main aims of this analysis are to quantify intermodel differences in the Arctic amplification (AA) of the global warming signal in CMIP5 RCP8.5 (Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5) simulations and to diagnose these differences in the context of the energy and water cycles of the region. This diagnosis reveals an emergent behavior between the energetic and hydrometeorological responses of the Arctic to warming: in particular, enhanced AA and its associated reduction in dry static energy convergence is balanced to first order by latent heating via enhanced precipitation. This balance necessitates increasing Arctic precipitation with increasing AA while at the same time constraining the magnitude of that precipitation increase. The sensitivity of the increase, ~1.25 (W/m2)/K (~240 (km3/yr)/K), is evident across a broad range of historical and projected AA values. Accounting for the energetic constraint on Arctic precipitation, as a function of AA, in turn informs understanding of both the sign and magnitude of hydrologic cycle changes that the Arctic may experience.},
doi = {10.1002/2017jd026799},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 5,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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