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Title: Pair-instability Supernova Simulations: Progenitor Evolution, Explosion, and Light Curves

Abstract

Recently, the viability of the pair-instability supernova (PISN) scenario for explaining superluminous supernovae has all but disappeared except for a few slowly-evolving examples. However, PISNe are not predicted to be superluminous throughout the bulk of their mass range. In fact, it is more likely that the first PISN we see (if we have not seen one already) will not be superluminous. Here, we present hydrodynamic simulations of PISNe for four stellar models with unique envelope properties spanning the PISN mass range. In addition, we compute synthetic light curves (LCs) for comparison with current and future observations. We also investigate, in the context of our most massive model, the prospect of mixing in the supernova ejecta, alleviating discrepancies between current PISN models and the remaining superluminous candidate events. To this end, we present the first published 3D hydrodynamic simulations of PISNe. After achieving convergence between 1D, 2D, and 3D simulations, we examine mixing in the supernova ejecta and its affect on the bolometric LC. We observe slight deviations from spherical symmetry, which increase with the number of dimensions. We find no significant effects on the bolometric LC; however, we conclude that mixing between the silicon and oxygen rich layers caused bymore » the Rayleigh–Taylor instability may affect spectra.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Tel Aviv Univ., Tel Aviv (Israel). The Raymond and Beverly Slacker School of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Keele Univ., Keele, Staffordshire (United Kingdom). School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Astrophysics group; Univ. of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan). Univ. of Tokyo Inst. for Advanced Study, Kavli Inst. for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI)
  4. Univ. of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia). Dept. of Physics, Faculty of Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1537193
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010263
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 846; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
astronomy & astrophysics; hydrodynamics; radiative transfer; supernovae

Citation Formats

Gilmer, Matthew S., Kozyreva, Alexandra, Hirschi, Raphael, Fröhlich, Carla, and Yusof, Norhasliza. Pair-instability Supernova Simulations: Progenitor Evolution, Explosion, and Light Curves. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8461.
Gilmer, Matthew S., Kozyreva, Alexandra, Hirschi, Raphael, Fröhlich, Carla, & Yusof, Norhasliza. Pair-instability Supernova Simulations: Progenitor Evolution, Explosion, and Light Curves. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8461.
Gilmer, Matthew S., Kozyreva, Alexandra, Hirschi, Raphael, Fröhlich, Carla, and Yusof, Norhasliza. Wed . "Pair-instability Supernova Simulations: Progenitor Evolution, Explosion, and Light Curves". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8461. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1537193.
@article{osti_1537193,
title = {Pair-instability Supernova Simulations: Progenitor Evolution, Explosion, and Light Curves},
author = {Gilmer, Matthew S. and Kozyreva, Alexandra and Hirschi, Raphael and Fröhlich, Carla and Yusof, Norhasliza},
abstractNote = {Recently, the viability of the pair-instability supernova (PISN) scenario for explaining superluminous supernovae has all but disappeared except for a few slowly-evolving examples. However, PISNe are not predicted to be superluminous throughout the bulk of their mass range. In fact, it is more likely that the first PISN we see (if we have not seen one already) will not be superluminous. Here, we present hydrodynamic simulations of PISNe for four stellar models with unique envelope properties spanning the PISN mass range. In addition, we compute synthetic light curves (LCs) for comparison with current and future observations. We also investigate, in the context of our most massive model, the prospect of mixing in the supernova ejecta, alleviating discrepancies between current PISN models and the remaining superluminous candidate events. To this end, we present the first published 3D hydrodynamic simulations of PISNe. After achieving convergence between 1D, 2D, and 3D simulations, we examine mixing in the supernova ejecta and its affect on the bolometric LC. We observe slight deviations from spherical symmetry, which increase with the number of dimensions. We find no significant effects on the bolometric LC; however, we conclude that mixing between the silicon and oxygen rich layers caused by the Rayleigh–Taylor instability may affect spectra.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa8461},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 846,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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