DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: An Improved Convective Ice Parameterization for the NASA GISS Global Climate Model and Impacts on Cloud Ice Simulation

Abstract

Partitioning of convective ice into precipitating and detrained condensate presents a challenge for GCMs since partitioning depends on the strength and microphysics of the convective updraft. It is an important issue because detrainment of ice from updrafts influences the development of stratiform anvils, impacts radiation, and can affect GCM climate sensitivity. Recent studies have shown that the CMIP5 configurations of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) GCM simulated upper-tropospheric ice water content (IWC) that exceeded an estimated upper bound by a factor of 2. Partly in response to this bias, a new GCM parameterization of convective cloud ice has been developed that incorporates new ice particle fall speeds and convective outflow particle size distributions (PSDs) from the NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA), NASA Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4), DOE ARM–NASA Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E), and DOE ARM Small Particles in Cirrus (SPARTICUS) field campaigns. The new parameterization assumes a normalized gamma PSD with two novel developments: no explicit assumption for particle habit in the calculation of mass distributions, and a formulation for translating ice particle fall speeds as a function of maximum diameter into fall speeds as a function of melted-equivalent diameter. Two parametersmore » (particle volume– and projected area–weighted equivalent diameter) are diagnosed as a function of temperature and IWC in the convective plume, and these parameters constrain the shape and scale of the normalized gamma PSD. The diagnosed fall speeds and PSDs are combined with the GCM’s parameterized convective updraft vertical velocity to partition convective updraft condensate into precipitating and detrained components. A 5-yr prescribed sea surface temperature GCM simulation shows a 30%–50% decrease in upper-tropospheric deep convective IWC, bringing the tropical and global mean ice water path into closer agreement with CloudSat best estimates.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. NASA Goddard Inst. for Space Studies (GISS), New York, NY (United States); Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  2. NASA Goddard Inst. for Space Studies (GISS), New York, NY (United States)
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1537016
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0006988; SC0014382
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Climate
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0894-8755
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences

Citation Formats

Elsaesser, Gregory S., Del Genio, Anthony D., Jiang, Jonathan H., and van Lier-Walqui, Marcus. An Improved Convective Ice Parameterization for the NASA GISS Global Climate Model and Impacts on Cloud Ice Simulation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-16-0346.1.
Elsaesser, Gregory S., Del Genio, Anthony D., Jiang, Jonathan H., & van Lier-Walqui, Marcus. An Improved Convective Ice Parameterization for the NASA GISS Global Climate Model and Impacts on Cloud Ice Simulation. United States. https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0346.1
Elsaesser, Gregory S., Del Genio, Anthony D., Jiang, Jonathan H., and van Lier-Walqui, Marcus. Mon . "An Improved Convective Ice Parameterization for the NASA GISS Global Climate Model and Impacts on Cloud Ice Simulation". United States. https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0346.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1537016.
@article{osti_1537016,
title = {An Improved Convective Ice Parameterization for the NASA GISS Global Climate Model and Impacts on Cloud Ice Simulation},
author = {Elsaesser, Gregory S. and Del Genio, Anthony D. and Jiang, Jonathan H. and van Lier-Walqui, Marcus},
abstractNote = {Partitioning of convective ice into precipitating and detrained condensate presents a challenge for GCMs since partitioning depends on the strength and microphysics of the convective updraft. It is an important issue because detrainment of ice from updrafts influences the development of stratiform anvils, impacts radiation, and can affect GCM climate sensitivity. Recent studies have shown that the CMIP5 configurations of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) GCM simulated upper-tropospheric ice water content (IWC) that exceeded an estimated upper bound by a factor of 2. Partly in response to this bias, a new GCM parameterization of convective cloud ice has been developed that incorporates new ice particle fall speeds and convective outflow particle size distributions (PSDs) from the NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA), NASA Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4), DOE ARM–NASA Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E), and DOE ARM Small Particles in Cirrus (SPARTICUS) field campaigns. The new parameterization assumes a normalized gamma PSD with two novel developments: no explicit assumption for particle habit in the calculation of mass distributions, and a formulation for translating ice particle fall speeds as a function of maximum diameter into fall speeds as a function of melted-equivalent diameter. Two parameters (particle volume– and projected area–weighted equivalent diameter) are diagnosed as a function of temperature and IWC in the convective plume, and these parameters constrain the shape and scale of the normalized gamma PSD. The diagnosed fall speeds and PSDs are combined with the GCM’s parameterized convective updraft vertical velocity to partition convective updraft condensate into precipitating and detrained components. A 5-yr prescribed sea surface temperature GCM simulation shows a 30%–50% decrease in upper-tropospheric deep convective IWC, bringing the tropical and global mean ice water path into closer agreement with CloudSat best estimates.},
doi = {10.1175/jcli-d-16-0346.1},
journal = {Journal of Climate},
number = 1,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 16 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Retrieval of ice cloud microphysical parameters using the CloudSat millimeter-wave radar and temperature
journal, January 2009

  • Austin, Richard T.; Heymsfield, Andrew J.; Stephens, Graeme L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010049

Improvement in Determination of Ice Water Content from Two-Dimensional Particle Imagery. Part I: Image-to-Mass Relationships
journal, September 2006

  • Baker, Brad; Lawson, R. Paul
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 45, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAM2398.1

Airspeed Corrections for Optical Array Probe Sample Volumes
journal, October 1997


The Distribution of Rainfall over Oceans from Spaceborne Radars
journal, March 2010

  • Berg, Wesley; L’Ecuyer, Tristan; Haynes, John M.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 49, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JAMC2330.1

How Well Do We Understand and Evaluate Climate Change Feedback Processes?
journal, August 2006

  • Bony, Sandrine; Colman, Robert; Kattsov, Vladimir M.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3819.1

Clouds, circulation and climate sensitivity
journal, March 2015

  • Bony, Sandrine; Stevens, Bjorn; Frierson, Dargan M. W.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2398

Improved Measurements of the Ice Water Content in Cirrus Using a Total-Water Probe
journal, April 1995


The Sensitivity of the Tropical-Mean Radiation Budget
journal, August 2005

  • Clement, Amy C.; Soden, Brian
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3456.1

Statistics of Storm Updraft Velocities from TWP-ICE Including Verification with Profiling Measurements
journal, August 2013

  • Collis, Scott; Protat, Alain; May, Peter T.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 52, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0230.1

An Intercomparison of Microphysical Retrieval Algorithms for Upper-Tropospheric Ice Clouds
journal, February 2007

  • Comstock, Jennifer M.; d'Entremont, Robert; DeSlover, Daniel
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 88, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-88-2-191

The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
journal, April 2011

  • Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 656
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.828

Statistical properties of the normalized ice particle size distribution
journal, January 2005


A Prognostic Cloud Water Parameterization for Global Climate Models
journal, February 1996


Cumulus Microphysics and Climate Sensitivity
journal, July 2005

  • Del Genio, Anthony D.; Kovari, William; Yao, Mao-Sung
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3413.1

Will moist convection be stronger in a warmer climate?: CONVECTION STRENGTH IN A WARMER CLIMATE
journal, August 2007

  • Del Genio, Anthony D.; Yao, Mao-Sung; Jonas, Jeffrey
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030525

Constraints on Cumulus Parameterization from Simulations of Observed MJO Events
journal, August 2015


The Dynamical Core, Physical Parameterizations, and Basic Simulation Characteristics of the Atmospheric Component AM3 of the GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3
journal, July 2011

  • Donner, Leo J.; Wyman, Bruce L.; Hemler, Richard S.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 24, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1175/2011JCLI3955.1

Development and Evaluation of a Convection Scheme for Use in Climate Models
journal, June 1999


Microweve Radiative Transfer through Clouds Composed of Realistically Shaped Ice Crystals. Part II. Remote Sensing of Ice Clouds
journal, June 1995


Ice Cloud Retrievals and Analysis with the Compact Scanning Submillimeter Imaging Radiometer and the Cloud Radar System during CRYSTAL FACE
journal, June 2005

  • Evans, K. Franklin; Wang, James R.; Racette, Paul E.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 44, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAM2250.1

Aggregation and Scaling of Ice Crystal Size Distributions
journal, February 2003


Constraining mass–diameter relations from hydrometeor images and cloud radar reflectivities in tropical continental and oceanic convective anvils
journal, January 2014

  • Fontaine, E.; Schwarzenboeck, A.; Delanoë, J.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-11367-2014

A Summary of Convective-Core Vertical Velocity Properties Using ARM UHF Wind Profilers in Oklahoma
journal, October 2013

  • Giangrande, Scott E.; Collis, Scott; Straka, Jerry
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 52, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0185.1

Estimation of entrainment rate in simple models of convective clouds
journal, January 2001

  • Gregory, David
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 127, Issue 571
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.49712757104

The Effect of Cloud Type on Earth's Energy Balance: Global Analysis
journal, November 1992


Rainfall retrieval over the ocean with spaceborne W-band radar
journal, January 2009

  • Haynes, John M.; L'Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Stephens, Graeme L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009973

On measurements of small ice particles in clouds: SMALL PARTICLES IN ICE CLOUDS
journal, December 2007


Improved Representation of Ice Particle Masses Based on Observations in Natural Clouds
journal, October 2010

  • Heymsfield, Andrew J.; Schmitt, Carl; Bansemer, Aaron
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 67, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JAS3507.1

Ice Cloud Particle Size Distributions and Pressure-Dependent Terminal Velocities from In Situ Observations at Temperatures from 0° to −86°C
journal, December 2013

  • Heymsfield, Andrew J.; Schmitt, Carl; Bansemer, Aaron
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 70, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0124.1

Characteristics of Deep Tropical and Subtropical Convection from Nadir-Viewing High-Altitude Airborne Doppler Radar
journal, February 2010

  • Heymsfield, Gerald M.; Tian, Lin; Heymsfield, Andrew J.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 67, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JAS3132.1

An Assessment of the Impact of Antishattering Tips and Artifact Removal Techniques on Bulk Cloud Ice Microphysical and Optical Properties Measured by the 2D Cloud Probe
journal, October 2014

  • Jackson, Robert C.; McFarquhar, Greg M.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00018.1

The dependence of ice microphysics on aerosol concentration in arctic mixed-phase stratus clouds during ISDAC and M-PACE: AEROSOL EFFECTS ON ARCTIC STRATUS
journal, August 2012

  • Jackson, Robert C.; McFarquhar, Greg M.; Korolev, Alexei V.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D15
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017668

The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E)
journal, September 2016

  • Jensen, M. P.; Petersen, W. A.; Bansemer, A.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 97, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00228.1

Evaluation of cloud and water vapor simulations in CMIP5 climate models using NASA “A-Train” satellite observations: EVALUATION OF IPCC AR5 MODEL SIMULATIONS
journal, July 2012

  • Jiang, Jonathan H.; Su, Hui; Zhai, Chengxing
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD017237

Small Ice Particles in Tropospheric Clouds: Fact or Artifact? Airborne Icing Instrumentation Evaluation Experiment
journal, August 2011

  • Korolev, A. V.; Emery, E. F.; Strapp, J. W.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 92, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010BAMS3141.1

Modification and Tests of Particle Probe Tips to Mitigate Effects of Ice Shattering
journal, April 2013

  • Korolev, Alexei; Emery, Edward; Creelman, Kirk
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00142.1

Effects of ice particles shattering on the 2D-S probe
journal, January 2011


The 2D-S (Stereo) Probe: Design and Preliminary Tests of a New Airborne, High-Speed, High-Resolution Particle Imaging Probe
journal, November 2006

  • Lawson, R. Paul; O’Connor, Darren; Zmarzly, Patrick
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 23, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH1927.1

Microphysical and radiative properties of tropical clouds investigated in TC4 and NAMMA
journal, January 2010

  • Lawson, R. Paul; Jensen, Eric; Mitchell, David L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013017

Fall speeds and masses of solid precipitation particles
journal, May 1974

  • Locatelli, John D.; Hobbs, Peter V.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 79, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1029/JC079i015p02185

The Distribution of Raindrops with size
journal, August 1948


Missing iris effect as a possible cause of muted hydrological change and high climate sensitivity in models
journal, April 2015

  • Mauritsen, Thorsten; Stevens, Bjorn
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2414

Tuning the climate of a global model: TUNING THE CLIMATE OF A GLOBAL MODEL
journal, March 2012

  • Mauritsen, Thorsten; Stevens, Bjorn; Roeckner, Erich
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012MS000154

Observations of Particle Size and Phase in Tropical Cyclones: Implications for Mesoscale Modeling of Microphysical Processes
journal, February 2004


Vertical Variability of Cloud Hydrometeors in the Stratiform Region of Mesoscale Convective Systems and Bow Echoes
journal, October 2007

  • McFarquhar, Greg M.; Timlin, Michael S.; Rauber, Robert M.
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 135, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/MWR3444.1

The Characterization of Ice Hydrometeor Gamma Size Distributions as Volumes in N 0λμ Phase Space: Implications for Microphysical Process Modeling
journal, February 2015

  • McFarquhar, Greg M.; Hsieh, Tsung-Lin; Freer, Matt
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 72, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0011.1

Impact of large-scale dynamics on the microphysical properties of midlatitude cirrus
journal, April 2014

  • Muhlbauer, Andreas; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Comstock, Jennifer M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JD020035

The Evaluation of CloudSat and CALIPSO Ice Microphysical Products Using Ground-Based Cloud Radar and Lidar Observations
journal, May 2010

  • Protat, A.; Delanoë, J.; O’Connor, E. J.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JTECHA1397.1

On the “tuning” of autoconversion parameterizations in climate models
journal, June 2000

  • Rotstayn, Leon D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 105, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900129

Towards constraining climate sensitivity by linear analysis of feedback patterns in thousands of perturbed-physics GCM simulations
journal, July 2007


Configuration and assessment of the GISS ModelE2 contributions to the CMIP5 archive: GISS MODEL-E2 CMIP5 SIMULATIONS
journal, March 2014

  • Schmidt, Gavin A.; Kelley, Max; Nazarenko, Larissa
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000265

Stratiform Rain in the Tropics as Seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar*
journal, June 2003


The Meteorological Measurement System on the NASA ER-2 Aircraft
journal, August 1990


Microphysics parameterization for convective clouds in a global climate model: Description and single-column model tests
journal, January 2011

  • Song, Xiaoliang; Zhang, Guang J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014833

Cloud Feedbacks in the Climate System: A Critical Review
journal, January 2005


THE CLOUDSAT MISSION AND THE A-TRAIN: A New Dimension of Space-Based Observations of Clouds and Precipitation
journal, December 2002

  • Stephens, Graeme L.; Vane, Deborah G.; Boain, Ronald J.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 83, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-83-12-1771

Effects of Convective Microphysics Parameterization on Large-Scale Cloud Hydrological Cycle and Radiative Budget in Tropical and Midlatitude Convective Regions
journal, December 2015

  • Storer, Rachel L.; Zhang, Guang J.; Song, Xiaoliang
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 28, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0064.1

Diagnosis of regime-dependent cloud simulation errors in CMIP5 models using “A-Train” satellite observations and reanalysis data: DIAGNOSIS OF CLOUD ERRORS FOR CMIP5
journal, April 2013

  • Su, Hui; Jiang, Jonathan H.; Zhai, Chengxing
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018575

The Concept of “Normalized” Distribution to Describe Raindrop Spectra: A Tool for Cloud Physics and Cloud Remote Sensing
journal, June 2001


Planning, implementation, and first results of the Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Experiment (TC4)
journal, January 2010

  • Toon, Owen B.; Starr, David O.; Jensen, Eric J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013073

Evaluation of cloud-resolving model intercomparison simulations using TWP-ICE observations: Precipitation and cloud structure
journal, January 2011

  • Varble, Adam; Fridlind, Ann M.; Zipser, Edward J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015180

Evaluation of cloud-resolving and limited area model intercomparison simulations using TWP-ICE observations: 1. Deep convective updraft properties: Eval. of TWP-ICE CRMs and LAMs Pt. 1
journal, December 2014

  • Varble, Adam; Zipser, Edward J.; Fridlind, Ann M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JD021371

Cloud ice: A climate model challenge with signs and expectations of progress
journal, January 2009

  • Waliser, Duane E.; Li, Jui-Lin F.; Woods, Christopher P.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010015

The Earth observing system microwave limb sounder (EOS MLS) on the aura Satellite
journal, May 2006

  • Waters, J. W.; Froidevaux, L.; Harwood, R. S.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 44, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2006.873771

Evaluating CloudSat ice water content retrievals using a cloud-resolving model: Sensitivities to frozen particle properties
journal, January 2008

  • Woods, Christopher P.; Waliser, Duane E.; Li, Jui-Lin
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009941

Validation of the Aura MLS cloud ice water content measurements
journal, January 2008

  • Wu, Dong L.; Jiang, Jonathan H.; Read, William G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D15
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008931

Comparisons of global cloud ice from MLS, CloudSat, and correlative data sets
journal, January 2009

  • Wu, D. L.; Austin, R. T.; Deng, M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009946

On the Impacts of Different Definitions of Maximum Dimension for Nonspherical Particles Recorded by 2D Imaging Probes
journal, May 2016

  • Wu, Wei; McFarquhar, Greg M.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 33, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0177.1

Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part I: Cloud Radiative Kernels
journal, June 2012

  • Zelinka, Mark D.; Klein, Stephen A.; Hartmann, Dennis L.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 25, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00248.1

Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part II: Attribution to Changes in Cloud Amount, Altitude, and Optical Depth
journal, June 2012

  • Zelinka, Mark D.; Klein, Stephen A.; Hartmann, Dennis L.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 25, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00249.1

Evaluating and constraining ice cloud parameterizations in CAM5 using aircraft measurements from the SPARTICUS campaign
journal, January 2013


The Saharan Air Layer and the Fate of African Easterly Waves—NASA's AMMA Field Study of Tropical Cyclogenesis
journal, August 2009

  • Zipser, Edward J.; Twohy, Cynthia H.; Tsay, Si-Chee
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 90, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2728.1

Works referencing / citing this record:

Anthony Del Genio: Climates of Planets Near and Far
journal, November 2019

  • Del Genio, Anthony D.
  • Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2019cn000109

Climates of Warm Earth-like Planets. I. 3D Model Simulations
journal, December 2018

  • Way, M. J.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Aleinov, Igor
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 239, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aae9e1

Ongoing Breakthroughs in Convective Parameterization
journal, April 2019

  • Rio, Catherine; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Hourdin, Frédéric
  • Current Climate Change Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40641-019-00127-w

A Review of Ice Cloud Optical Property Models for Passive Satellite Remote Sensing
journal, December 2018

  • Yang, Ping; Hioki, Souichiro; Saito, Masanori
  • Atmosphere, Vol. 9, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.3390/atmos9120499

Evaluating models' response of tropical low clouds to SST forcings using CALIPSO observations
journal, January 2019

  • Cesana, Grégory; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Ackerman, Andrew S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-2813-2019

Tightening of tropical ascent and high clouds key to precipitation change in a warmer climate
journal, June 2017

  • Su, Hui; Jiang, Jonathan H.; Neelin, J. David
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15771