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Title: Millivolt Modulation of Plasmonic Metasurface Optical Response via Ionic Conductance

Abstract

A plasmonic metasurface with an electrically tunable optical response that operates at strikingly low modulation voltages is experimentally demonstrated. The fabricated metasurface shows up to 30% relative change in reflectance in the visible spectral range upon application of 5 mV and 78% absolute change in reflectance upon application of 100 mV of bias. The designed metasurface consists of nanostructured silver and indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes which are separated by 5 nm thick alumina. The millivolt-scale optical modulation is attributed to a new modulation mechanism, in which transport of silver ions through alumina dielectric leads to bias-induced nucleation and growth of silver nanoparticles in the ITO counter-electrode, altering the optical extinction response. This transport mechanism, which occurs at applied electric fields of 1 mV nm-1, provides a new approach to use of ionic transport for electrical control over light–matter interactions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Thomas J. Watson Lab. of Applied Physics. Kavli Nanoscience Inst.
  2. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Thomas J. Watson Lab. of Applied Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Institute of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1533041
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1375059
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46405; FA9550-12-1-0024
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 31; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
filament formation; indium tin oxide (ITO); ionic transport; memristors; tunable metasurfaces

Citation Formats

Thyagarajan, Krishnan, Sokhoyan, Ruzan, Zornberg, Leonardo, and Atwater, Harry A. Millivolt Modulation of Plasmonic Metasurface Optical Response via Ionic Conductance. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201701044.
Thyagarajan, Krishnan, Sokhoyan, Ruzan, Zornberg, Leonardo, & Atwater, Harry A. Millivolt Modulation of Plasmonic Metasurface Optical Response via Ionic Conductance. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201701044.
Thyagarajan, Krishnan, Sokhoyan, Ruzan, Zornberg, Leonardo, and Atwater, Harry A. Wed . "Millivolt Modulation of Plasmonic Metasurface Optical Response via Ionic Conductance". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201701044. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1533041.
@article{osti_1533041,
title = {Millivolt Modulation of Plasmonic Metasurface Optical Response via Ionic Conductance},
author = {Thyagarajan, Krishnan and Sokhoyan, Ruzan and Zornberg, Leonardo and Atwater, Harry A.},
abstractNote = {A plasmonic metasurface with an electrically tunable optical response that operates at strikingly low modulation voltages is experimentally demonstrated. The fabricated metasurface shows up to 30% relative change in reflectance in the visible spectral range upon application of 5 mV and 78% absolute change in reflectance upon application of 100 mV of bias. The designed metasurface consists of nanostructured silver and indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes which are separated by 5 nm thick alumina. The millivolt-scale optical modulation is attributed to a new modulation mechanism, in which transport of silver ions through alumina dielectric leads to bias-induced nucleation and growth of silver nanoparticles in the ITO counter-electrode, altering the optical extinction response. This transport mechanism, which occurs at applied electric fields of 1 mV nm-1, provides a new approach to use of ionic transport for electrical control over light–matter interactions.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201701044},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 31,
volume = 29,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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