skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Dryland climate change: Recent progress and challenges: Dryland Climate Change

Abstract

Drylands are home to more than 38% of the world's population and are one of the most sensitive areas to climate change and human activities. This review describes recent progress in dryland climate change research. Recent findings indicate that the long-term trend of the aridity index (AI) is mainly attributable to increased greenhouse gas emissions, while anthropogenic aerosols exert small effects but alter its attributions. Atmosphere-land interactions determine the intensity of regional response. The largest warming during the last 100 years was observed over drylands and accounted for more than half of the continental warming. The global pattern and interdecadal variability of aridity changes are modulated by oceanic oscillations. The different phases of those oceanic oscillations induce significant changes in land-sea and north-south thermal contrasts, which affect the intensity of the westerlies and planetary waves and the blocking frequency, thereby altering global changes in temperature and precipitation. During 1948–2008, the drylands in the Americas became wetter due to enhanced westerlies, whereas the drylands in the Eastern Hemisphere became drier because of the weakened East Asian summer monsoon. Drylands as defined by the AI have expanded over the last 60 years and are projected to expand in the 21st century. Themore » largest expansion of drylands has occurred in semiarid regions since the early 1960s. Dryland expansion will lead to reduced carbon sequestration and enhanced regional warming. The increasing aridity, enhanced warming, and rapidly growing population will exacerbate the risk of land degradation and desertification in the near future in developing countries.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [11];  [1] more »;  [1] « less
  1. Lanzhou Univ. (China)
  2. Lanzhou Univ. (China); Shenyang Agricultural Univ. (China)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China); Nanjing Univ. (China)
  4. Lanzhou Univ. (China); Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  5. Univ. at Albany, NY (United States)
  6. Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  8. Nanjing Univ. of Technology (China). State Key Lab. of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering (MCE)
  9. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
  10. Sun Yan-sen Univ., Guangzhou (China)
  11. Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province and Key Open Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Disaster Reduction of CMA, Institute of Arid Meteorology, CMA, Lanzhou (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Albany, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1532993
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012602
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reviews of Geophysics (1985)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Reviews of Geophysics (1985); Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 8755-1209
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Geochemistry & Geophysics

Citation Formats

Huang, J., Li, Y., Fu, C., Chen, F., Fu, Q., Dai, A., Shinoda, M., Ma, Z., Guo, W., Li, Z., Zhang, L., Liu, Y., Yu, H., He, Y., Xie, Y., Guan, X., Ji, M., Lin, L., Wang, S., Yan, H., and Wang, G. Dryland climate change: Recent progress and challenges: Dryland Climate Change. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2016rg000550.
Huang, J., Li, Y., Fu, C., Chen, F., Fu, Q., Dai, A., Shinoda, M., Ma, Z., Guo, W., Li, Z., Zhang, L., Liu, Y., Yu, H., He, Y., Xie, Y., Guan, X., Ji, M., Lin, L., Wang, S., Yan, H., & Wang, G. Dryland climate change: Recent progress and challenges: Dryland Climate Change. United States. doi:10.1002/2016rg000550.
Huang, J., Li, Y., Fu, C., Chen, F., Fu, Q., Dai, A., Shinoda, M., Ma, Z., Guo, W., Li, Z., Zhang, L., Liu, Y., Yu, H., He, Y., Xie, Y., Guan, X., Ji, M., Lin, L., Wang, S., Yan, H., and Wang, G. Wed . "Dryland climate change: Recent progress and challenges: Dryland Climate Change". United States. doi:10.1002/2016rg000550. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1532993.
@article{osti_1532993,
title = {Dryland climate change: Recent progress and challenges: Dryland Climate Change},
author = {Huang, J. and Li, Y. and Fu, C. and Chen, F. and Fu, Q. and Dai, A. and Shinoda, M. and Ma, Z. and Guo, W. and Li, Z. and Zhang, L. and Liu, Y. and Yu, H. and He, Y. and Xie, Y. and Guan, X. and Ji, M. and Lin, L. and Wang, S. and Yan, H. and Wang, G.},
abstractNote = {Drylands are home to more than 38% of the world's population and are one of the most sensitive areas to climate change and human activities. This review describes recent progress in dryland climate change research. Recent findings indicate that the long-term trend of the aridity index (AI) is mainly attributable to increased greenhouse gas emissions, while anthropogenic aerosols exert small effects but alter its attributions. Atmosphere-land interactions determine the intensity of regional response. The largest warming during the last 100 years was observed over drylands and accounted for more than half of the continental warming. The global pattern and interdecadal variability of aridity changes are modulated by oceanic oscillations. The different phases of those oceanic oscillations induce significant changes in land-sea and north-south thermal contrasts, which affect the intensity of the westerlies and planetary waves and the blocking frequency, thereby altering global changes in temperature and precipitation. During 1948–2008, the drylands in the Americas became wetter due to enhanced westerlies, whereas the drylands in the Eastern Hemisphere became drier because of the weakened East Asian summer monsoon. Drylands as defined by the AI have expanded over the last 60 years and are projected to expand in the 21st century. The largest expansion of drylands has occurred in semiarid regions since the early 1960s. Dryland expansion will lead to reduced carbon sequestration and enhanced regional warming. The increasing aridity, enhanced warming, and rapidly growing population will exacerbate the risk of land degradation and desertification in the near future in developing countries.},
doi = {10.1002/2016rg000550},
journal = {Reviews of Geophysics (1985)},
number = 3,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 63 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Expansion of the Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell in Response to Greenhouse Gas Forcing
journal, October 2015


Dust aerosol effect on semi-arid climate over Northwest China detected from A-Train satellite measurements
journal, January 2010


Impact of the representation of stomatal conductance on model projections of heatwave intensity
journal, March 2016

  • Kala, Jatin; De Kauwe, Martin G.; Pitman, Andy J.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep23418

Desertification: a general review
journal, June 1995


Dust emission from Chinese desert sources linked to variations in atmospheric circulation
journal, December 1997

  • Zhang, Xiao Y.; Arimoto, Richard; An, Zhi S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JD02300

Changes in terrestrial aridity for the period 850-2080 from the Community Earth System Model: Changes in Terrestrial Aridity
journal, March 2016

  • Fu, Qiang; Lin, Lei; Huang, Jianping
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024075

Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems
journal, October 2001

  • Scheffer, Marten; Carpenter, Steve; Foley, Jonathan A.
  • Nature, Vol. 413, Issue 6856
  • DOI: 10.1038/35098000

Impact of soil moisture on dust outbreaks in East Asia: Using satellite and assimilation data
journal, April 2015

  • Kim, Hyunglok; Choi, Minha
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063325

A Global Dataset of Palmer Drought Severity Index for 1870–2002: Relationship with Soil Moisture and Effects of Surface Warming
journal, December 2004

  • Dai, Aiguo; Trenberth, Kevin E.; Qian, Taotao
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM-386.1

Impact of land–sea thermal contrast on interdecadal variation in circulation and blocking
journal, March 2014


Global Desertification: Building a Science for Dryland Development
journal, May 2007


Are the drylands in northern China sustainable? A perspective from ecological footprint dynamics from 1990 to 2010
journal, May 2016


Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe
journal, July 2009

  • Uno, Itsushi; Eguchi, Kenta; Yumimoto, Keiya
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 2, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo583

Aerosols, Cloud Microphysics, and Fractional Cloudiness
journal, September 1989


Pan-Continental Droughts in North America over the Last Millennium
journal, January 2014


The twentieth century was the wettest period in northern Pakistan over the past millennium
journal, April 2006

  • Treydte, Kerstin S.; Schleser, Gerhard H.; Helle, Gerhard
  • Nature, Vol. 440, Issue 7088
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04743

Dust aerosol forward scattering effects on ground-based aerosol optical depth retrievals
journal, January 2011

  • Ge, J. M.; Su, J.; Fu, Q.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 112, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2010.07.006

Diurnal cycle of dust and cirrus over West Africa as seen from Meteosat Second Generation satellite and a regional forecast model
journal, January 2007

  • Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre; Tulet, Pierre; Mari, Céline
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027771

Recent Hadley cell expansion: The role of internal atmospheric variability in reconciling modeled and observed trends: MODELS CAPTURE HC SHIFT
journal, December 2015

  • Garfinkel, Chaim I.; Waugh, Darryn W.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066942

Desertification, land use, and the transformation of global drylands
journal, February 2015

  • Bestelmeyer, Brandon T.; Okin, Gregory S.; Duniway, Michael C.
  • Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 13, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1890/140162

Arctic warming, atmospheric blocking and cold European winters in CMIP5 models
journal, January 2014


Terrestrial Aridity and Its Response to Greenhouse Warming across CMIP5 Climate Models
journal, July 2015


Land cover changes and their biogeophysical effects on climate: LAND COVER CHANGES AND THEIR BIOGEOPHYSICAL EFFECTS ON CLIMATE
journal, June 2013

  • Mahmood, Rezaul; Pielke, Roger A.; Hubbard, Kenneth G.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 34, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.3736

Energy consumption and the unexplained winter warming over northern Asia and North America
journal, January 2013

  • Zhang, Guang J.; Cai, Ming; Hu, Aixue
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1803

Changes of the transitional climate zone in East Asia: past and future
journal, October 2016


Mechanisms for stronger warming over drier ecoregions observed since 1979
journal, February 2016


Global aridification in the second half of the 20th century and its relationship to large-scale climate background
journal, May 2007


First observation-based estimates of cloud-free aerosol radiative forcing across China
journal, January 2010

  • Li, Zhanqing; Lee, Kwon-Ho; Wang, Yuesi
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013306

Identification of a new dust-stratocumulus indirect effect over the tropical North Atlantic
journal, October 2014

  • Doherty, Owen M.; Evan, Amato T.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060897

Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Land Cover Change on Climate
journal, July 2007

  • Findell, Kirsten L.; Shevliakova, Elena; Milly, P. C. D.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 20, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4185.1

Hadley Cell Widening: Model Simulations versus Observations
journal, May 2009


Recent and Future Climate Change in Northwest China
journal, August 2006


Role of radiatively forced temperature changes in enhanced semi-arid warming in the cold season over east Asia
journal, January 2015


Effects of vegetation feedback on future climate change over West Africa
journal, August 2015


Challenges of analyzing multi-hazard risk: a review
journal, July 2012

  • Kappes, Melanie S.; Keiler, Margreth; von Elverfeldt, Kirsten
  • Natural Hazards, Vol. 64, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11069-012-0294-2

Short-term modulation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall by West Asian dust
journal, March 2014

  • Vinoj, V.; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2107

A Drier Future?
journal, February 2014


Productivity and carbon fluxes of tropical savannas
journal, March 2006


The future of deserts
journal, January 1996

  • Warren, A.; Sud, Y. C.; Rozanov, B.
  • Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 32, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1006/jare.1996.0007

Radiative Forcing of Asian Dust Determined from the Synergized GOME and GMS Satellite Data—A Case Study
journal, January 2006

  • Costa, Maria João; Sohn, Byung-Ju; Levizzani, Vincenzo
  • Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 84, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2151/jmsj.84.85

Decadal Variations in NDVI and Food Production in India
journal, March 2010

  • Milesi, Cristina; Samanta, Arindam; Hashimoto, Hirofumi
  • Remote Sensing, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.3390/rs2030758

The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO2 sink
journal, May 2015


Characteristics of Taklimakan dust emission and distribution: A satellite and reanalysis field perspective: Taklimakan dust Characteristics
journal, October 2014

  • Ge, J. M.; Huang, J. P.; Xu, C. P.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022280

Dryland expansion in northern China from 1948 to 2008
journal, March 2015


Revegetation in China’s Loess Plateau is approaching sustainable water resource limits
journal, August 2016

  • Feng, Xiaoming; Fu, Bojie; Piao, Shilong
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3092

Comparison of land–atmosphere interaction at different surface types in the mid- to lower reaches of the Yangtze River valley
journal, January 2016

  • Guo, Weidong; Wang, Xueqian; Sun, Jianning
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-9875-2016

Interdecadal Modulation of ENSO Teleconnections
journal, December 1998


From accelerated warming to warming hiatus in China: ACCELERATED WARMING TO WARMING HIATUS IN CHINA
journal, June 2016

  • Xie, Yongkun; Huang, Jianping; Liu, Yuzhi
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 37, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.4809

Hydrological changes and Holocene climate variations in NW China, inferred from lake sediments of Juyanze palaeolake by factor analyses
journal, February 2009


Integrating diverse methods to understand climate–land interactions in East Africa
journal, March 2008


Radiative forcing and climate response
journal, March 1997

  • Hansen, J.; Sato, M.; Ruedy, R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/96JD03436

Aerosol and monsoon climate interactions over Asia
journal, November 2016

  • Li, Zhanqing; Lau, W. K. ‐M.; Ramanathan, V.
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 54, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015RG000500

Asian Monsoon Failure and Megadrought During the Last Millennium
journal, April 2010


Significant changes in subseries means and variances in an 8000-year precipitation reconstruction from tree rings in the southwestern USA
journal, January 2007


The dynamics of the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature forcing of Sahel drought
journal, May 2009


Asymmetric effects of daytime and night-time warming on Northern Hemisphere vegetation
journal, September 2013

  • Peng, Shushi; Piao, Shilong; Ciais, Philippe
  • Nature, Vol. 501, Issue 7465
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12434

On the linearity and stability of Southern Oscillation-climate relationships for New Zealand
journal, December 1995


Large contribution of natural aerosols to uncertainty in indirect forcing
journal, November 2013

  • Carslaw, K. S.; Lee, L. A.; Reddington, C. L.
  • Nature, Vol. 503, Issue 7474
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12674

Daily precipitation changes in the semi-arid region over northern China
journal, December 2004


North American megadroughts in the Common Era: reconstructions and simulations: North American megadroughts in the Common Era
journal, March 2016

  • Cook, Benjamin I.; Cook, Edward R.; Smerdon, Jason E.
  • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.394

Vegetation–climate feedbacks modulate rainfall patterns in Africa under future climate change
journal, January 2016

  • Wu, Minchao; Schurgers, Guy; Rummukainen, Markku
  • Earth System Dynamics, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/esd-7-627-2016

Global changes in a humidity index between 1931-60 and 1961-90
journal, January 1992

  • Hulme, M.; Marsh, R.; Jones, Pd
  • Climate Research, Vol. 2
  • DOI: 10.3354/cr002001

Pacific and Atlantic Ocean influences on multidecadal drought frequency in the United States
journal, March 2004

  • McCabe, G. J.; Palecki, M. A.; Betancourt, J. L.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0306738101

Global surface temperatures over the past two millennia: GLOBAL SURFACE TEMPERATURES OVER THE PAST TWO MILLENNIA
journal, August 2003

  • Mann, Michael E.; Jones, Philip D.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL017814

WMO's Role in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
journal, September 1994


Examining the aerosol indirect effect over China using an SO2 emission inventory
journal, November 2004


Understanding the Sensitivity of Different Drought Metrics to the Drivers of Drought under Increased Atmospheric CO 2
journal, December 2011


The spatial–temporal patterns of Asian summer monsoon precipitation in response to Holocene insolation change: a model-data synthesis
journal, February 2014


On the composition of non-volatile material in upper tropospheric aerosols and cirrus crystals
journal, June 1996


A consistent poleward shift of the storm tracks in simulations of 21st century climate: POLEWARD SHIFT OF THE STORM TRACKS
journal, September 2005


The total ozone field separated into meteorological regimes – Part II: Northern Hemisphere mid-latitude total ozone trends
journal, January 2006

  • Hudson, R. D.; Andrade, M. F.; Follette, M. B.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-6-5183-2006

Scaling Potential Evapotranspiration with Greenhouse Warming
journal, February 2014


Vegetation Greening and Climate Change Promote Multidecadal Rises of Global Land Evapotranspiration
journal, October 2015

  • Zhang, Ke; Kimball, John S.; Nemani, Ramakrishna R.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep15956

Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX
journal, January 2008

  • Huang, Jianping; Minnis, Patrick; Chen, Bin
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010620

A satellite-based disturbance index algorithm for monitoring mitigation strategies effects on desertification change in an arid environment
journal, July 2013

  • Badreldin, Nasem; Goossens, Rudi
  • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 20, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-013-9490-y

Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya–Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times
journal, May 2001

  • Zhisheng, An; Kutzbach, John E.; Prell, Warren L.
  • Nature, Vol. 411, Issue 6833
  • DOI: 10.1038/35075035

Drought under global warming: a review: Drought under global warming
journal, October 2010

  • Dai, Aiguo
  • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.81

Numerical simulation of spatial-temporal distribution of dust aerosol and its direct radiative effects on East Asian climate: ASIAN DUST RADIATIVE FORCING ON CLIMATE
journal, July 2012

  • Sun, Hui; Pan, Zaitao; Liu, Xiaodong
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D13
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD017219

Dryland ecohydrology and climate change: critical issues and technical advances
journal, January 2012

  • Wang, L.; D'Odorico, P.; Evans, J. P.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 16, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-16-2585-2012

Spatiotemporal precipitation variations in the arid Central Asia in the context of global warming
journal, December 2011


Recent behavior of the Hadley cell and tropical thermodynamics in climate models and reanalyses: HADLEY CELL AND TROPICAL THERMODYNAMICS
journal, January 2006

  • Mitas, Christos M.; Clement, Amy
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL024406

Reviewing and visualizing the interactions of natural hazards: Interactions of Natural Hazards
journal, October 2014

  • Gill, Joel C.; Malamud, Bruce D.
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 52, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013RG000445

Climate model simulated changes in temperature extremes due to land cover change: CHANGES IN CLIMATE EXTREMES DUE TO LULCC
journal, February 2012

  • Avila, F. B.; Pitman, A. J.; Donat, M. G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016382

Ground-based aerosol climatology of China: aerosol optical depths from the China Aerosol Remote Sensing Network (CARSNET) 2002–2013
journal, January 2015


Human-induced greening of the northern extratropical land surface
journal, June 2016

  • Mao, Jiafu; Ribes, Aurélien; Yan, Binyan
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3056

Aerosol Effects on Microstructure and Intensity of Tropical Cyclones
journal, July 2012

  • Rosenfeld, Daniel; Woodley, William L.; Khain, Alexander
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 93, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00147.1

Some evidence of drying trend over northern China from 1951 to 2004
journal, December 2006


Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia
journal, September 2008

  • Mann, M. E.; Zhang, Z.; Hughes, M. K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0805721105

The dynamics of the warming hiatus over the Northern Hemisphere
journal, May 2016


A GCM study of the response of the atmospheric water cycle of West Africa and the Atlantic to Saharan dust radiative forcing
journal, January 2009


Eurasian winter cooling in the warming hiatus of 1998–2012
journal, October 2015

  • Li, Chao; Stevens, Bjorn; Marotzke, Jochem
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065327

Hydroclimatic Trends in the Mississippi River Basin from 1948 to 2004
journal, September 2007

  • Qian, Taotao; Dai, Aiguo; Trenberth, Kevin E.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 20, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4262.1

Surface energy fluxes of Phragmites australis in a prairie wetland
journal, April 1999


African Droughts and Dust Transport to the Caribbean: Climate Change Implications
journal, November 2003


What caused a recent increase in dust outbreaks over East Asia?: CAUSES OF INCREASED DUST OVER EAST ASIA
journal, June 2011

  • Kurosaki, Yasunori; Shinoda, Masato; Mikami, Masao
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011GL047494

Impacts of atmospheric nutrient deposition on marine productivity: Roles of nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron: ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION TO OCEANS
journal, June 2011

  • Okin, Gregory S.; Baker, Alex R.; Tegen, Ina
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 25, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010GB003858

Potential evapotranspiration and continental drying
journal, June 2016


Divergent surface and total soil moisture projections under global warming: Future Soil Moisture Changes in Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5
journal, January 2017

  • Berg, Alexis; Sheffield, Justin; Milly, P. C. D.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071921

Width of the Hadley cell in simple and comprehensive general circulation models
journal, January 2007

  • Frierson, Dargan M. W.; Lu, Jian; Chen, Gang
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031115

Little change in global drought over the past 60 years
journal, November 2012

  • Sheffield, Justin; Wood, Eric F.; Roderick, Michael L.
  • Nature, Vol. 491, Issue 7424
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11575

Decoupling of soil nutrient cycles as a function of aridity in global drylands
journal, October 2013

  • Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel; Maestre, Fernando T.; Gallardo, Antonio
  • Nature, Vol. 502, Issue 7473
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12670

Influence of ENSO and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Drought over the United States
journal, November 2009

  • Mo, Kingtse C.; Schemm, Jae-Kyung E.; Yoo, Soo-Hyun
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI2966.1

Transport, vertical structure and radiative properties of dust events in southeast China determined from ground and space sensors
journal, November 2011


Changing the way we think about global change research: scaling up in experimental ecosystem science
journal, April 2004


Contribution of solar radiation to decadal temperature variability over land
journal, August 2013

  • Wang, K.; Dickinson, R. E.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 37
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1311433110

Annular modes and Hadley cell expansion under global warming
journal, January 2007

  • Previdi, Michael; Liepert, Beate G.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031243

Climate Variability and Change since 850 CE: An Ensemble Approach with the Community Earth System Model
journal, May 2016

  • Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Fasullo, John
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 97, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00233.1

Trends in stratospheric ozone derived from merged SAGE II and Odin-OSIRIS satellite observations
journal, January 2014

  • Bourassa, A. E.; Degenstein, D. A.; Randel, W. J.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 14, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/acpd-14-7113-2014

More than CO2: a broader paradigm for managing climate change and variability to avoid ecosystem collapse
journal, December 2010


Energetic Constraints on Precipitation Under Climate Change
journal, November 2011

  • O’Gorman, Paul A.; Allan, Richard P.; Byrne, Michael P.
  • Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 33, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10712-011-9159-6

On the decadal scale correlation between African dust and Sahel rainfall: The role of Saharan heat low–forced winds
journal, October 2015

  • Wang, Weijie; Evan, Amato T.; Flamant, Cyrille
  • Science Advances, Vol. 1, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500646

Dewpoint and Humidity Measurements and Trends at the Summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire, 1935–2004
journal, November 2007

  • Seidel, Thomas M.; Grant, Andrea N.; Pszenny, Alexander A. P.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 20, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007jcli1604.1

Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints
journal, January 2009


Twenty-five winters of unexpected Eurasian cooling unlikely due to Arctic sea-ice loss
journal, October 2016

  • McCusker, Kelly E.; Fyfe, John C.; Sigmond, Michael
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2820

Dust and Biological Aerosols from the Sahara and Asia Influence Precipitation in the Western U.S.
journal, February 2013


Rainfall reductions over Southern Hemisphere semi-arid regions: the role of subtropical dry zone expansion
journal, October 2012

  • Cai, Wenju; Cowan, Tim; Thatcher, Marcus
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep00702

Simulated responses of terrestrial aridity to black carbon and sulfate aerosols
journal, January 2016

  • Lin, L.; Gettelman, A.; Xu, Y.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024100

Late-Holocene dune activity linked to hydrological drought, Nebraska Sand Hills, USA
journal, February 2004


CLIMATE CHANGE: Is the Hydrological Cycle Accelerating?
journal, November 2002


Expansion of the world's deserts due to vegetation-albedo feedback under global warming
journal, January 2009


Estimation of key surface parameters in semi-arid region and their impacts on improvement of surface fluxes simulation
journal, July 2015


Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate
journal, December 2007

  • Seidel, Dian J.; Fu, Qiang; Randel, William J.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo.2007.38

Climate Assessment for 2000
journal, June 2001


Evaluating the “Rich-Get-Richer” Mechanism in Tropical Precipitation Change under Global Warming
journal, April 2009

  • Chou, Chia; Neelin, J. David; Chen, Chao-An
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2471.1

AMO- and ENSO-Driven Summertime Circulation and Precipitation Variations in North America
journal, October 2012


The Impact of Climate Change on Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics at the Scandinavian Mountain Birch Forest–Tundra Heath Ecotone
journal, February 2009

  • Sjögersten, Sofie; Wookey, Philip A.
  • AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, Vol. 38, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447-38.1.2

A physically based distributed hydrological model of wadi system to simulate flash floods in arid regions
journal, December 2013

  • Saber, Mohamed; Hamaguchi, Toshio; Kojiri, Toshiharu
  • Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12517-013-1190-0

Factors controlling the spatial patterns of soil moisture in a grazed semi-arid steppe investigated by multivariate geostatistics
journal, January 2011

  • Zhao, Ying; Peth, Stephan; Hallett, Paul
  • Ecohydrology, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/eco.121

Adapting dryland agriculture to climate change: Farming implications and research and development needs in Western Australia
journal, November 2012


Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: Review and synthesis
journal, March 2006


Simulation of Global Land Surface Conditions from 1948 to 2004. Part I: Forcing Data and Evaluations
journal, October 2006

  • Qian, Taotao; Dai, Aiguo; Trenberth, Kevin E.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM540.1

Performance of Drought Indices for Ecological, Agricultural, and Hydrological Applications
journal, September 2012

  • Vicente-Serrano, Sergio M.; Beguería, Santiago; Lorenzo-Lacruz, Jorge
  • Earth Interactions, Vol. 16, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/2012EI000434.1

Simulated differences in 21st century aridity due to different scenarios of greenhouse gases and aerosols
journal, February 2016


Plant responses to increasing CO 2 reduce estimates of climate impacts on drought severity
journal, August 2016

  • Swann, Abigail L. S.; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Koven, Charles D.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1604581113

ENSO-like Interdecadal Variability: 1900–93
journal, May 1997


Forced response of the East Asian summer rainfall over the past millennium: results from a coupled model simulation
journal, November 2009


Climate change reduces extent of temperate drylands and intensifies drought in deep soils
journal, January 2017

  • Schlaepfer, Daniel R.; Bradford, John B.; Lauenroth, William K.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14196

Characteristics and trends in various forms of the Palmer Drought Severity Index during 1900–2008
journal, January 2011


Response of water vapour D-excess to land–atmosphere interactions in a semi-arid environment
journal, January 2017

  • Parkes, Stephen D.; McCabe, Matthew F.; Griffiths, Alan D.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-21-533-2017

Direct and semidirect aerosol effects of southern African biomass burning aerosol
journal, January 2011

  • Sakaeda, Naoko; Wood, Robert; Rasch, Philip J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015540

Control of Saharan mineral dust transport to Barbados in winter by the Intertropical Convergence Zone over West Africa: WINTER DUST IN BARBADOS AND THE ITCZ
journal, October 2012

  • Doherty, O. M.; Riemer, N.; Hameed, S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017767

Spatial distribution of threshold wind speeds for dust outbreaks in northeast Asia
journal, January 2010


A GEFA Assessment of Observed Global Ocean Influence on U.S. Precipitation Variability: Attribution to Regional SST Variability Modes
journal, February 2011

  • Zhong, Yafang; Liu, Zhengyu; Notaro, Michael
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3663.1

Responses of East Asian summer monsoon to historical SST and atmospheric forcing during 1950–2000
journal, November 2008


Contributions of long-distance dust transport to atmospheric P inputs in the Yucatan Peninsula: DUST P INPUTS TO THE YUCATAN
journal, February 2013

  • Das, Rishiraj; Evan, Amato; Lawrence, Deborah
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 27, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GB004420

Vegetation Variations along the Monsoon Boundary Zone in East Asia
journal, May 2006

  • Ou, Ting-Hai; Qian, Wei-Hong
  • Chinese Journal of Geophysics, Vol. 49, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/cjg2.876

Dry/Wet Variation and Its Relationship with Regional Warming in Arid-Regions of Northern China
journal, September 2005

  • Ma, Zhu-Guo; Dan, Li
  • Chinese Journal of Geophysics, Vol. 48, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/cjg2.752

A new facet of soil organic matter
journal, March 2014


Detection and Attribution of Twentieth-Century Northern and Southern African Rainfall Change
journal, August 2006

  • Hoerling, Martin; Hurrell, James; Eischeid, Jon
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3842.1

Recent Climatic Change in the World's Drylands
journal, January 1996


A New Global 0.5° Gridded Dataset (1901–2006) of a Multiscalar Drought Index: Comparison with Current Drought Index Datasets Based on the Palmer Drought Severity Index
journal, August 2010

  • Vicente-Serrano, S. M.; Beguería, S.; López-Moreno, J. I.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 11, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JHM1224.1

How Much More Rain Will Global Warming Bring?
journal, July 2007


The Hadley Circulation in Reanalyses: Climatology, Variability, and Change
journal, May 2013


An Approach toward a Rational Classification of Climate
journal, January 1948

  • Thornthwaite, C. W.
  • Geographical Review, Vol. 38, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2307/210739

Numerical study of impacts of soil moisture on the diurnal and seasonal cycles of sensible/latent heat fluxes over semi-arid region
journal, March 2009

  • Song, Yaoming; Guo, Weidong; Zhang, Yaocun
  • Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 26, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00376-009-0319-2

PDO–ENSO Effects in the Climate of Mexico
journal, December 2006

  • Pavia, Edgar G.; Graef, Federico; Reyes, Jorge
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4045.1

Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific Dust Experiment
journal, January 2010

  • Wang, Wencai; Huang, Jianping; Minnis, Patrick
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014109

Observation analysis of land-atmosphere interactions over the Loess Plateau of northwest China
journal, January 2010

  • Wang, Guoyin; Huang, Jianping; Guo, Weidong
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013372

Accelerated dryland expansion under climate change
journal, October 2015

  • Huang, Jianping; Yu, Haipeng; Guan, Xiaodan
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2837

African Dust over the Northern Tropical Atlantic: 1955–2008
journal, November 2010

  • Evan, Amato T.; Mukhopadhyay, Sujoy
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 49, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JAMC2485.1

Model Projections of an Imminent Transition to a More Arid Climate in Southwestern North America
journal, May 2007


Dynamics of deserts and drought in the Sahel
journal, April 1975

  • Charney, J. G.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 101, Issue 428
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.49710142802

More extreme precipitation in the world’s dry and wet regions
journal, March 2016

  • Donat, Markus G.; Lowry, Andrew L.; Alexander, Lisa V.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2941

Global desertification: Drivers and feedbacks
journal, January 2013


ENSO-related rainfall anomalies in South America and associated circulation features during warm and cold Pacific decadal oscillation regimes
journal, January 2005

  • Andreoli, Rita V.; Kayano, Mary T.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 25, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.1222

Enhanced Mid-Latitude Tropospheric Warming in Satellite Measurements
journal, May 2006


Hydrological droughts in the 21st century, hotspots and uncertainties from a global multimodel ensemble experiment
journal, December 2013

  • Prudhomme, Christel; Giuntoli, Ignazio; Robinson, Emma L.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1222473110

Local impacts of climate change and agronomic practices on dry land crops in Southern Africa
journal, December 2014

  • Zinyengere, Nkulumo; Crespo, Olivier; Hachigonta, Sepo
  • Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 197
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2014.07.002

Tropical drought regions in global warming and El Niño teleconnections: TROPICAL DROUGHT IN GLOBAL WARMING AND ENSO
journal, December 2003

  • Neelin, J. D.; Chou, C.; Su, H.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL018625

Subtropical Anticyclones and Summer Monsoons
journal, August 2001


African dust aerosols as atmospheric ice nuclei: AFRICAN DUST AEROSOLS AS ICE NUCLEI
journal, July 2003

  • DeMott, Paul J.; Sassen, Kenneth; Poellot, Michael R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL017410

Asian summer monsoon anomalies induced by aerosol direct forcing: the role of the Tibetan Plateau
journal, February 2006


Effects of aerosols on precipitation from orographic clouds: EFFECTS OF AEROSOLS ON PRECIPITATION
journal, May 2007

  • Lynn, Barry; Khain, Alexander; Rosenfeld, Daniel
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 112, Issue D10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007537

An increase in aerosol burden and radiative effects in a warmer world
journal, November 2015

  • Allen, Robert J.; Landuyt, William; Rumbold, Steven T.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2827

Mammalian responses to Middle Holocene climatic change in the Great Basin of the western United States
journal, January 2000


Spatial Gradients in Aerosol-Induced Atmospheric Heating and Surface Dimming over the Oceanic Regions around India: Anthropogenic or Natural?
journal, October 2013

  • Nair, Vijayakumar S.; Babu, S. Suresh; Moorthy, K. Krishna
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 26, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00616.1

Desertification assessment in China: An overview
journal, October 2005


Hotspots of recent drought in Asian steppes
journal, May 2013

  • Shinoda, Masato; Nandintsetseg, Banzragch; Nachinshonhor, Urianhai Galzuud
  • Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10113-013-0464-0

Long-Term Aridity Changes in the Western United States
journal, November 2004


Aerosol impacts on California winter clouds and precipitation during CalWater 2011: local pollution versus long-range transported dust
journal, January 2014

  • Fan, J.; Leung, L. R.; DeMott, P. J.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-81-2014

Assessing and managing freshwater ecosystems vulnerable to environmental change
journal, November 2014


Tree-ring based drought reconstruction for the central Tien Shan area in northwest China
journal, January 2006

  • Li, Jinbao; Gou, Xiaohua; Cook, Edward R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL025803

High-latitude dust in the Earth system: High-Latitude Dust in the Earth System
journal, June 2016

  • Bullard, Joanna E.; Baddock, Matthew; Bradwell, Tom
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 54, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016RG000518

Modulation of ENSO-Based Long-Lead Outlooks of Southwestern U.S. Winter Precipitation by the Pacific Decadal Oscillation
journal, December 2002


Increasing Arabian dust activity and the Indian summer monsoon
journal, January 2015

  • Solmon, F.; Nair, V. S.; Mallet, M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-8051-2015

Long‐term trend and variability of soil moisture over East Asia
journal, September 2015

  • Cheng, Shanjun; Guan, Xiaodan; Huang, Jianping
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 120, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015jd023206

Climate Assessment for 2001
journal, June 2002


Drought reconstruction for North Central China from tree rings: the value of the Palmer drought severity index
journal, January 2007

  • Li, Jinbao; Chen, Fahu; Cook, Edward R.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 27, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.1450

Modeling of Tropical Forcing of Persistent Droughts and Pluvials over Western North America: 1856–2000
journal, October 2005

  • Seager, Richard; Kushnir, Yochanan; Herweijer, Celine
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3522.1

Monsoons and the dynamics of deserts
journal, July 1996

  • Rodwell, Mark J.; Hoskins, Brian J.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 122, Issue 534
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.49712253408

Recent widening of the tropical belt from global tropopause statistics: Sensitivities
journal, January 2010


A regional climate modeling study of the effect of desert dust on the West African monsoon
journal, January 2008

  • Konare, A.; Zakey, A. S.; Solmon, F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009322

Investigating soil moisture–climate interactions in a changing climate: A review
journal, May 2010


A 1000 year climate ice-core record from the Guliya ice cap, China: its relationship to global climate variability
journal, January 1995


An overview of dry-wet climate variability among monsoon-westerly regions and the monsoon northernmost marginal active zone in China
journal, July 2009


The nature, causes and consequences of desertification in the drylands of Africa
journal, January 1998


Comparison of dryland climate change in observations and CMIP5 simulations
journal, September 2015

  • Ji, Mingxia; Huang, Jianping; Xie, Yongkun
  • Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 32, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00376-015-4267-8

Energy partitioning over a semi-arid shrubland in northern China: Energy Partitioning Over a Semi-arid Shrubland
journal, October 2015

  • Jia, X.; Zha, T. S.; Gong, J. N.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 30, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10685

Surface radiative forcing by soil dust aerosols and the hydrologic cycle: DUST FORCING AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE
journal, February 2004

  • Miller, R. L.; Tegen, I.; Perlwitz, Jan
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 109, Issue D4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003JD004085

Impact of land cover characterization on regional climate modeling over West Africa
journal, April 2015

  • Sylla, Mouhamadou Bamba; Pal, Jeremy S.; Wang, Guiling L.
  • Climate Dynamics, Vol. 46, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2603-4

Evolution of land surface air temperature trend
journal, May 2014

  • Ji, Fei; Wu, Zhaohua; Huang, Jianping
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2223

Energy and evapotranspiration partitioning in a desert vineyard
journal, March 2016


Aridity Definitions and Their Applicability
journal, January 1967

  • Wallén, C. C.; Wallen, C. C.
  • Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, Vol. 49, Issue 2/4
  • DOI: 10.2307/520903

Dryland hydrology in Mediterranean regions—a review
journal, December 2007

  • Cudennec, Christophe; Leduc, Christian; Koutsoyiannis, Demetris
  • Hydrological Sciences Journal, Vol. 52, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1623/hysj.52.6.1077

Dry late-glacial and early Holocene climate in arid central Asia indicated by lithological and palynological evidence from Bosten Lake, China
journal, February 2009


Regions of Strong Coupling Between Soil Moisture and Precipitation
journal, August 2004


Pulse-drought atop press-drought: unexpected plant responses and implications for dryland ecosystems
journal, August 2015


Seasonal patterns in energy partitioning of two freshwater marsh ecosystems in the Florida Everglades: ENERGY DYNAMICS IN EVERGLADES ECOSYSTEMS
journal, August 2014

  • Malone, Sparkle L.; Staudhammer, Christina L.; Loescher, Henry W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 119, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JG002700

Land surface memory effects on dust emission in a Mongolian temperate grassland: Land surface memory effects on dust
journal, March 2015

  • Nandintsetseg, Banzragch; Shinoda, Masato
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 120, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JG002708

The global distribution of mineral dust and its impacts on the climate system: A review
journal, March 2014


Understanding the coupled natural and human systems in Dryland East Asia
journal, January 2012


Hydrographic development of the Aral Sea during the last 2000 years based on a quantitative analysis of dinoflagellate cysts
journal, May 2006

  • Sorrel, P.; Popescu, S. -M.; Head, M. J.
  • Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 234, Issue 2-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.10.012

Boreal and temperate trees show strong acclimation of respiration to warming
journal, March 2016

  • Reich, Peter B.; Sendall, Kerrie M.; Stefanski, Artur
  • Nature, Vol. 531, Issue 7596
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature17142

Combined effects of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation on Global Land Dry–Wet Changes
journal, October 2014

  • Wang, Shanshan; Huang, Jianping; He, Yongli
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep06651

Intensification of North American Megadroughts through Surface and Dust Aerosol Forcing
journal, July 2013


Thermodynamic and Dynamic Mechanisms for Large-Scale Changes in the Hydrological Cycle in Response to Global Warming
journal, September 2010

  • Seager, Richard; Naik, Naomi; Vecchi, Gabriel A.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 23, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3655.1

Drought Reconstructions for the Continental United States*
journal, April 1999


Poleward Shift of Subtropical Jets Inferred from Satellite-Observed Lower-Stratospheric Temperatures
journal, November 2011


Observational evidence of strengthening of the Brewer‐Dobson circulation since 1980
journal, October 2015

  • Fu, Q.; Lin, P.; Solomon, S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 120, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JD023657

Contrasting Climate Responses to the Scattering and Absorbing Features of Anthropogenic Aerosol Forcings
journal, July 2014


Effects of anthropogenic aerosols on temperature changes in China during the twentieth century based on CMIP5 models
journal, June 2015

  • Li, Chunxiang; Zhao, Tianbao; Ying, Kairan
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 125, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-015-1527-6

The potential for sand dams to increase the adaptive capacity of East African drylands to climate change
journal, March 2016


Global variations in droughts and wet spells: 1900-1995
journal, September 1998

  • Dai, Aiguo; Trenberth, Kevin E.; Karl, Thomas R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1029/98GL52511

Maladaptation
journal, May 2010


Interdecadal modulation of PDO on the impact of ENSO on the east Asian winter monsoon
journal, January 2008

  • Wang, Lin; Chen, Wen; Huang, Ronghui
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035287

The Influence of Pollution on the Shortwave Albedo of Clouds
journal, July 1977


Heating up tensions
journal, September 2011


Carbon Sequestration in Dryland Ecosystems
journal, December 2003


Extreme and persistent drought in California and Patagonia during mediaeval time
journal, June 1994


The contribution of reduction in evaporative cooling to higher surface air temperatures during drought: Drought and Temperature
journal, November 2014

  • Yin, Dongqin; Roderick, Michael L.; Leech, Guy
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062039

Contributions of soil moisture interactions to future precipitation changes in the GLACE-CMIP5 experiment
journal, October 2016


Mineral dust aerosols over the Sahara: Meteorological controls on emission and transport and implications for modeling
journal, January 2012

  • Knippertz, Peter; Todd, Martin C.
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 50, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011RG000362

What caused the recent “Warm Arctic, Cold Continents” trend pattern in winter temperatures?
journal, May 2016

  • Sun, Lantao; Perlwitz, Judith; Hoerling, Martin
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL069024

Relationship between the expansion of drylands and the intensification of Hadley circulation during the late twentieth century
journal, October 2012

  • Shin, Sang-Hye; Chung, Il-Ung; Kim, Hyung-Jin
  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00703-012-0220-x

Interferential Impact of ENSO and PDO on Dry and Wet Conditions in the U.S. Great Plains
journal, November 2009


Elevated CO2 as a driver of global dryland greening
journal, February 2016

  • Lu, Xuefei; Wang, Lixin; McCabe, Matthew F.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep20716

Dynamic Hydrological Modeling in Drylands with TRMM Based Rainfall
journal, December 2013

  • Tarnavsky, Elena; Mulligan, Mark; Ouessar, Mohamed
  • Remote Sensing, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.3390/rs5126691

A 700-year history of groundwater recharge in the drylands of NW China
journal, November 2008


Regional Precipitation Trends: Distinguishing Natural Variability from Anthropogenic Forcing
journal, April 2010

  • Hoerling, Martin; Eischeid, Jon; Perlwitz, Judith
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 23, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI3420.1

Drivers of decoupling in drylands
journal, October 2013


Aerosol invigoration and restructuring of Atlantic convective clouds: AEROSOL RESTRUCTURING CONVECTIVE CLOUDS
journal, July 2005

  • Koren, Ilan; Kaufman, Yoram J.; Rosenfeld, Daniel
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023187

Effects of Soil and Land Surface Conditions in Summer on Dust Outbreaks in the Following Spring in a Mongolian Grassland
journal, January 2011


Interannual precipitation variations in the mid-latitude Asia and their association with large-scale atmospheric circulation
journal, July 2013


Large-scale effect of aerosols on precipitation in the West African Monsoon region
journal, April 2009

  • Huang, J.; Zhang, C.; Prospero, J. M.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 135, Issue 640
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.391

Holocene moisture evolution in arid central Asia and its out-of-phase relationship with Asian monsoon history
journal, February 2008


Perspectives in dryland restoration: approaches for climate change adaptation
journal, April 2012


The impact of global land-cover change on the terrestrial water cycle
journal, October 2012

  • Sterling, Shannon M.; Ducharne, Agnès; Polcher, Jan
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1690

Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results: SAHARAN DUST AND INDIRECT CLOUD EFFECTS
journal, June 2003

  • Sassen, Kenneth; DeMott, Paul J.; Prospero, Joseph M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL017371

Expansion of global drylands under a warming climate
journal, January 2013


On the Discrepancies in Tropical Belt Expansion between Reanalyses and Climate Models and among Tropical Belt Width Metrics
journal, February 2017


The sensitivity of the PDSI to the Thornthwaite and Penman-Monteith parameterizations for potential evapotranspiration
journal, January 2011

  • van der Schrier, G.; Jones, P. D.; Briffa, K. R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015001

Self-Organized Patchiness and Catastrophic Shifts in Ecosystems
journal, September 2004


The Influence of Land Surface Properties on Sahel Climate. Part 1: Desertification
journal, December 1993


Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment: BLACK CARBON IN THE CLIMATE SYSTEM
journal, June 2013

  • Bond, T. C.; Doherty, S. J.; Fahey, D. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50171

Enhanced soil moisture drying in transitional regions under a warming climate: ENHANCED SOIL MOISTURE DRYING
journal, March 2016

  • Cheng, Shanjun; Huang, Jianping
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024559

Projected climate regime shift under future global warming from multi-model, multi-scenario CMIP5 simulations
journal, January 2014


Trends in Total Precipitation and Frequency of Daily Precipitation Extremes over China
journal, April 2005

  • Zhai, Panmao; Zhang, Xuebin; Wan, Hui
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-3318.1

Characterizing the Hadley Circulation Response through Regional Climate Feedbacks
journal, January 2016


Detection of anthropogenic dust using CALIPSO lidar measurements
journal, January 2015


Global semi-arid climate change over last 60 years
journal, May 2015


π-Bonding and the Lone Pair Effect in Multiple Bonds between Heavier Main Group Elements
journal, December 1999


The Impact of the Saharan Air Layer on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity
journal, March 2004

  • Dunion, Jason P.; Velden, Christopher S.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 85, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-85-3-353

Observed poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation since 1979
journal, January 2007


Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle
journal, September 2002


Stronger warming amplification over drier ecoregions observed since 1979
journal, June 2015


The Influence of Land Use Change on Climate in the Sahel
journal, December 2002


Global warming and 21st century drying
journal, March 2014


Assessing Mongolian snow disaster risk using livestock and satellite data
journal, December 2008


On the time-varying trend in global-mean surface temperature
journal, July 2011


Robust Responses of the Hydrological Cycle to Global Warming
journal, November 2006

  • Held, Isaac M.; Soden, Brian J.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3990.1

Indian agriculture and climate sensitivity
journal, July 2001


Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Climate
journal, December 2006


Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau
journal, January 2007

  • Huang, Jianping; Minnis, Patrick; Yi, Yuhong
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL029938

Multiple Flow Equilibria in the Atmosphere and Blocking
journal, July 1979


Global patterns of ENSO-induced precipitation
journal, May 2000

  • Dai, Aiguo; Wigley, T. M. L.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999GL011140

Greenness in semi-arid areas across the globe 1981–2007 — an Earth Observing Satellite based analysis of trends and drivers
journal, June 2012

  • Fensholt, Rasmus; Langanke, Tobias; Rasmussen, Kjeld
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 121
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.01.017

Quantitative risk assessment for future meteorological disasters: Reduced livestock mortality in Mongolia
journal, December 2011


Regional amplification of projected changes in extreme temperatures strongly controlled by soil moisture‐temperature feedbacks
journal, February 2017

  • Vogel, M. M.; Orth, R.; Cheruy, F.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071235

Surface Observed Global Land Precipitation Variations during 1900–88
journal, November 1997


Warm Arctic—cold continents: climate impacts of the newly open Arctic Sea
journal, January 2011


Control of atmospheric export of dust from North Africa by the North Atlantic Oscillation
journal, June 1997

  • Moulin, Cyril; Lambert, Claude E.; Dulac, François
  • Nature, Vol. 387, Issue 6634
  • DOI: 10.1038/42679

Detection of Asian dust in California orographic precipitation
journal, January 2011

  • Ault, Andrew P.; Williams, Christopher R.; White, Allen B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD015351

A U.S. CLIVAR Project to Assess and Compare the Responses of Global Climate Models to Drought-Related SST Forcing Patterns: Overview and Results
journal, October 2009

  • Schubert, Siegfried; Gutzler, David; Wang, Hailan
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI3060.1

GPCC's new land surface precipitation climatology based on quality-controlled in situ data and its role in quantifying the global water cycle
journal, March 2013

  • Schneider, Udo; Becker, Andreas; Finger, Peter
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 115, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-013-0860-x

Oceanic Forcing of Sahel Rainfall on Interannual to Interdecadal Time Scales
journal, November 2003


Drought in the Anthropocene
journal, February 2016

  • Van Loon, Anne F.; Gleeson, Tom; Clark, Julian
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 9, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2646

The roles of aerosol direct and indirect effects in past and future climate change: CLIMATE IMPACT OF AEROSOLS
journal, May 2013

  • Levy, Hiram; Horowitz, Larry W.; Schwarzkopf, M. Daniel
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50192

Long-term impacts of aerosols on the vertical development of clouds and precipitation
journal, November 2011

  • Li, Zhanqing; Niu, Feng; Fan, Jiwen
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1313

Late Holocene climatic and environmental changes in arid central Asia
journal, February 2009


A Self-Calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index
journal, June 2004


Quantifying the anthropogenic dust emission from agricultural land use and desiccation of the Aral Sea in Central Asia: Anthropogenic Dust in Central Asia
journal, October 2016

  • Xi, Xin; Sokolik, Irina N.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025556

Forcing of the Asian monsoon on the Tibetan Plateau: Evidence from high-resolution ice core and tropical coral records
journal, January 2005


Aerosol-induced changes of convective cloud anvils produce strong climate warming
journal, January 2010

  • Koren, I.; Remer, L. A.; Altaratz, O.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-10-5001-2010

Precipitation fluctuations over global land areas since the late 1800's
journal, January 1989

  • Diaz, Henry F.; Bradley, R. S.; Eischeid, J. K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 94, Issue D1
  • DOI: 10.1029/JD094iD01p01195

Sensitivity of the global distribution of cirrus ice crystal concentration to heterogeneous freezing
journal, January 2010

  • Barahona, D.; Rodriguez, J.; Nenes, A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014273

Smoking Rain Clouds over the Amazon
journal, February 2004


Satellites reveal contrasting responses of regional climate to the widespread greening of Earth
journal, May 2017

  • Forzieri, Giovanni; Alkama, Ramdane; Miralles, Diego G.
  • Science, Vol. 356, Issue 6343
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aal1727

Late Quaternary environmental change in the Bonneville basin, western USA
journal, March 2001

  • Madsen, D. B.; Rhode, D.; Grayson, D. K.
  • Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 167, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0031-0182(00)00240-6

Climate effects of dust aerosols over East Asian arid and semiarid regions: Climate effects of East Asian dust
journal, October 2014

  • Huang, Jianping; Wang, Tianhe; Wang, Wencai
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JD021796

Land use change suppresses precipitation
journal, January 2009

  • Junkermann, W.; Hacker, J.; Lyons, T.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-6531-2009

North African dust emissions and transport
journal, November 2006


Seasonal evolution mechanism of the East Asian winter monsoon and its interannual variability
journal, August 2012


On CO<SUB>2</SUB> climate sensitivity and model dependence of results
journal, January 1987

  • Mitchell, Jfb; Wilson, Ca; Cunnington, Wm
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 113, Issue 475
  • DOI: 10.1256/smsqj.47516

Global warming and changes in drought
journal, December 2013

  • Trenberth, Kevin E.; Dai, Aiguo; van der Schrier, Gerard
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2067

Drylands face potential threat under 2 °C global warming target
journal, April 2017

  • Huang, Jianping; Yu, Haipeng; Dai, Aiguo
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3275

On the assessment of aridity with changes in atmospheric CO 2
journal, July 2015

  • Roderick, Michael L.; Greve, Peter; Farquhar, Graham D.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 51, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015WR017031

Kinetics and mechanism of the uptake of N<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> on mineral dust at 298 K
journal, January 2005

  • Seisel, S.; Börensen, C.; Vogt, R.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-5-3423-2005

African dust outbreaks: A satellite perspective of temporal and spatial variability over the tropical Atlantic Ocean
journal, January 2010

  • Huang, Jingfeng; Zhang, Chidong; Prospero, Joseph M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012516

Evaluating Uncertainties in the Projection of Future Drought
journal, April 2008

  • Burke, Eleanor J.; Brown, Simon J.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 9, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007JHM929.1

Updated precipitation reconstruction (AD 1482–2012) for Huashan, north-central China
journal, February 2015

  • Chen, Feng; Zhang, Ruibo; Wang, Huiqin
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 123, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-015-1387-0

Climate change and Australia: key vulnerable regions
journal, October 2010


Land–atmosphere feedbacks amplify aridity increase over land under global warming
journal, May 2016

  • Berg, Alexis; Findell, Kirsten; Lintner, Benjamin
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3029

Detection and attribution of vegetation greening trend in China over the last 30 years
journal, January 2015

  • Piao, Shilong; Yin, Guodong; Tan, Jianguang
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12795

Radiative and climatic effects of dust over West Africa, as simulated by a regional climate model
journal, March 2012

  • Solmon, F.; Elguindi, N.; Mallet, M.
  • Climate Research, Vol. 52
  • DOI: 10.3354/cr01039

Spatial and temporal patterns of Holocene vegetation and climate changes in arid and semi-arid China
journal, February 2009


Impacts of SST Warming in tropical Indian Ocean on CMIP5 model-projected summer rainfall changes over Central Asia
journal, August 2015


A multilevel analysis of effects of land use policy on land-cover change and local land use decisions
journal, September 2014


Global indirect aerosol effects: a review
journal, January 2005


Assessment of future changes in water availability and aridity: FUTURE HYDROCLIMATOLOGICAL CHANGE
journal, July 2015

  • Greve, P.; Seneviratne, S. I.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064127

Multidecadal Variability of North China Aridity and Its Relationship to PDO during 1900–2010
journal, February 2014


Changes in biocrust cover drive carbon cycle responses to climate change in drylands
journal, September 2013

  • Maestre, Fernando T.; Escolar, Cristina; de Guevara, Mónica Ladrón
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 19, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12306

Robust Arctic sea-ice influence on the frequent Eurasian cold winters in past decades
journal, October 2014

  • Mori, Masato; Watanabe, Masahiro; Shiogama, Hideo
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2277

Two competing pathways of aerosol effects on cloud and precipitation formation
journal, January 2007

  • Takemura, Toshihiko; Kaufman, Yoram J.; Remer, Lorraine A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028349

Robust Hadley Circulation changes and increasing global dryness due to CO 2 warming from CMIP5 model projections
journal, February 2015


Highly variable Northern Hemisphere temperatures reconstructed from low- and high-resolution proxy data
journal, February 2005

  • Moberg, Anders; Sonechkin, Dmitry M.; Holmgren, Karin
  • Nature, Vol. 433, Issue 7026
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03265

High latitude Eurasian paleoenvironments: introduction and synthesis
journal, July 2004


Rapid warming in mid-latitude central Asia for the past 100 years
journal, January 2009


Interannual modulation of subtropical Atlantic boreal summer dust variability by ENSO
journal, April 2015

  • DeFlorio, Michael J.; Goodwin, Ian D.; Cayan, Daniel R.
  • Climate Dynamics, Vol. 46, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2600-7

Relative roles of biogenic emissions and Saharan dust as ice nuclei in the Amazon basin
journal, May 2009

  • Prenni, Anthony J.; Petters, Markus D.; Kreidenweis, Sonia M.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo517

Recent pause in the growth rate of atmospheric CO2 due to enhanced terrestrial carbon uptake
journal, November 2016

  • Keenan, Trevor F.; Prentice, I. Colin; Canadell, Josep G.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13428

Problems of rainfall-runoff modelling in arid and semiarid regions
journal, August 1988

  • Pilgrim, D. H.; Chapman, T. G.; Doran, D. G.
  • Hydrological Sciences Journal, Vol. 33, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1080/02626668809491261

Recent Northern Hemisphere tropical expansion primarily driven by black carbon and tropospheric ozone
journal, May 2012

  • Allen, Robert J.; Sherwood, Steven C.; Norris, Joel R.
  • Nature, Vol. 485, Issue 7398
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11097

Impact of Ural Blocking on Winter Warm Arctic–Cold Eurasian Anomalies. Part I: Blocking-Induced Amplification
journal, June 2016


Climate System Response to External Forcings and Climate Change Projections in CCSM4
journal, June 2012

  • Meehl, Gerald A.; Washington, Warren M.; Arblaster, Julie M.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 25, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00240.1

Contribution of Semi-Arid Forests to the Climate System
journal, January 2010


AO, COWL, and Observed Climate Trends
journal, June 2004


Robust future precipitation declines in CMIP5 largely reflect the poleward expansion of model subtropical dry zones: POLEWARD EXPANSION OF CMIP5 DRY ZONES
journal, September 2012

  • Scheff, Jack; Frierson, Dargan M. W.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052910

The altitude of snow growth by riming and vapor deposition in mixed-phase orographic clouds
journal, January 2011


Palaeolimnological evidence for environmental change over the past millennium from Lake Qinghai sediments: A review and future research prospective
journal, February 2009


Dusty cloud radiative forcing derived from satellite data for middle latitude regions of East Asia
journal, October 2006


The Role of Aerosols in the Evolution of Tropical North Atlantic Ocean Temperature Anomalies
journal, March 2009


Impacts of Saharan dust as CCN on the evolution of an idealized tropical cyclone
journal, January 2007

  • Zhang, Henian; McFarquhar, Greg M.; Saleeby, Stephen M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL029876

Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming
journal, January 2007

  • Lu, Jian; Vecchi, Gabriel A.; Reichler, Thomas
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028443

Taklimakan Desert nocturnal low-level jet: climatology and dust activity
journal, January 2016

  • Ge, Jin Ming; Liu, Huayue; Huang, Jianping
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-7773-2016

Interpretation of Interdecadal Trends in Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature
journal, February 1996


Feedback of observed interannual vegetation change: a regional climate model analysis for the West African monsoon
journal, June 2016

  • Klein, Cornelia; Bliefernicht, Jan; Heinzeller, Dominikus
  • Climate Dynamics, Vol. 48, Issue 9-10
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3237-x

The effects of aerosols on precipitation and dimensions of subtropical clouds: a sensitivity study using a numerical cloud model
journal, January 2006


Climate change and desertification: Where do we stand, where should we go?
journal, December 2008


Eddy Influences on Hadley Circulations: Simulations with an Idealized GCM
journal, December 2006

  • Walker, Christopher C.; Schneider, Tapio
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 63, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/jas3821.1

Temperate grasslands as a dust source: Knowledge, uncertainties, and challenges
journal, December 2011


The increasing importance of atmospheric demand for ecosystem water and carbon fluxes
journal, September 2016

  • Novick, Kimberly A.; Ficklin, Darren L.; Stoy, Paul C.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3114

No pause in the increase of hot temperature extremes
journal, February 2014

  • Seneviratne, Sonia I.; Donat, Markus G.; Mueller, Brigitte
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2145

Distinct effects of anthropogenic aerosols on tropical cyclones
journal, March 2014

  • Wang, Yuan; Lee, Keun-Hee; Lin, Yun
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2144

Observed heavy precipitation increase confirms theory and early models
journal, October 2016


Indirect climate forcing over the western US from Asian dust storms: INDIRECT CLIMATE FORCING FROM ASIAN DUST STORMS
journal, May 2002


The influence of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation on Temperature and Precipitation over the Globe
journal, February 2015


Impact of Ural Blocking on Winter Warm Arctic–Cold Eurasian Anomalies. Part II: The Link to the North Atlantic Oscillation
journal, June 2016


Desert dust suppressing precipitation: A possible desertification feedback loop
journal, May 2001

  • Rosenfeld, D.; Rudich, Y.; Lahav, R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 98, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.101122798

Assessing climate change impacts on wheat production (a case study)
journal, June 2014

  • Valizadeh, J.; Ziaei, S. M.; Mazloumzadeh, S. M.
  • Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 13, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jssas.2013.02.002

Precipitation trends and variability from 1950 to 2000 in arid lands of Central Asia
journal, March 2015


Contribution of semi-arid ecosystems to interannual variability of the global carbon cycle
journal, May 2014

  • Poulter, Benjamin; Frank, David; Ciais, Philippe
  • Nature, Vol. 509, Issue 7502
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13376

Accumulation Rates over the Past 500 Years Recorded in Ice Cores from the Northern and Southern Tibetan Plateau, China
journal, November 2007


Airborne dust distributions over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations
journal, January 2008


Impact of climate change on arid lands agriculture
journal, April 2012

  • El-Beltagy, Adel; Madkour, Magdy
  • Agriculture & Food Security, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/2048-7010-1-3

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming
journal, November 2008

  • Lu, Jian; Chen, Gang; Frierson, Dargan M. W.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 21, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2200.1

Analysis of climate change in Northern Ethiopia: implications for agricultural production
journal, September 2014

  • Hadgu, Gebre; Tesfaye, Kindie; Mamo, Girma
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 121, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-014-1261-5

Quantitative Assessment of Desertification Using Landsat Data on a Regional Scale – A Case Study in the Ordos Plateau, China
journal, March 2009

  • Xu, Duanyang; Kang, Xiangwu; Qiu, Dongsheng
  • Sensors, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.3390/s90301738

Dynamical Adjustment of the Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature Field: Methodology and Application to Observations
journal, February 2015


Food security and climate change in drought-sensitive savanna zones of Ghana
journal, September 2010

  • Armah, Frederick A.; Odoi, Justice O.; Yengoh, Genesis T.
  • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 16, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-010-9263-9

Enhanced cold-season warming in semi-arid regions
journal, January 2012


Soil moisture from space: Where are we?
journal, September 2006


Moisture changes over the last millennium in arid central Asia: a review, synthesis and comparison with monsoon region
journal, April 2010


Declining global warming effects on the phenology of spring leaf unfolding
journal, September 2015

  • Fu, Yongshuo H.; Zhao, Hongfang; Piao, Shilong
  • Nature, Vol. 526, Issue 7571
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature15402

Responses of terrestrial aridity to global warming
journal, July 2014

  • Fu, Qiang; Feng, Song
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JD021608

Observational relationships between aerosol and Asian monsoon rainfall, and circulation
journal, January 2006

  • Lau, K. -M.; Kim, K. -M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027546

Soil moisture-based study of the variability of dry-wet climate and climate zones in China
journal, September 2012


Accelerating net terrestrial carbon uptake during the warming hiatus due to reduced respiration
journal, January 2017

  • Ballantyne, Ashley; Smith, William; Anderegg, William
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3204

Twenty-First-Century Multimodel Subtropical Precipitation Declines Are Mostly Midlatitude Shifts
journal, June 2012


Earlier vegetation green-up has reduced spring dust storms
journal, October 2014

  • Fan, Bihang; Guo, Li; Li, Ning
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep06749

Regional flood frequency analysis in arid regions: A case study for Australia
journal, December 2012


Increase in observed net carbon dioxide uptake by land and oceans during the past 50 years
journal, August 2012

  • Ballantyne, A. P.; Alden, C. B.; Miller, J. B.
  • Nature, Vol. 488, Issue 7409
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11299

1300 years of climatic history for Western Central Asia inferred from tree-rings
journal, April 2002


Dependency of global mean precipitation on surface temperature
journal, January 2008

  • Lambert, F. Hugo; Webb, Mark J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL034838

Sensitivity of global terrestrial ecosystems to climate variability
journal, February 2016

  • Seddon, Alistair W. R.; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Long, Peter R.
  • Nature, Vol. 531, Issue 7593
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16986

The Perfect Ocean for Drought
journal, January 2003


Holocene multidecadal and multicentennial droughts affecting Northern California and Nevada
journal, February 2002


Role of the convergence zone over West Africa in controlling Saharan mineral dust load and transport in the boreal summer
journal, January 2014

  • Doherty, Owen M.; Riemer, Nicole; Hameed, Sultan
  • Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 66, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v66.23191

Summertime U.S. Precipitation Variability and Its Relation toPacific Sea Surface Temperature
journal, August 1997