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Title: Development of a subsurface LIBS sensor for in situ groundwater quality monitoring with applications in CO 2 leak sensing in carbon sequestration

Abstract

Sub-surface activity such as geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) has the potential to contaminate groundwater sources with dissolved metals originating from sub-surface brines or leaching of formation rock. Therefore, a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) based sensor is developed for sub-surface water quality monitoring. The sensor head is built using a low cost passively Q-switched (PQSW) laser and is fiber coupled to a pump laser and a gated spectrometer. The prototype sensor head was constructed using off the shelf components and a custom monolithic, PQSW laser and testing has verified that the fiber coupled design performs as desired. The system shows good calibration linearity for tested elements (Ca, Sr, and K), quick data collection times, and Limits of Detection (LODs) that are comparable to or better than those of table top, actively Q-switched systems. The fiber coupled design gives the ability to separate the PQSW LIBS excitation laser from the pump source and spectrometer, allowing these expensive and fragile components to remain at the surface while only the low-cost, all optical sensor head needs to be exposed to the hostile downhole environment.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV, and Albany, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1532663
Grant/Contract Number:  
89243318CFE000003
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Hartzler, Daniel A., Jain, J. C., and McIntyre, Dustin L. Development of a subsurface LIBS sensor for in situ groundwater quality monitoring with applications in CO2 leak sensing in carbon sequestration. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41025-3.
Hartzler, Daniel A., Jain, J. C., & McIntyre, Dustin L. Development of a subsurface LIBS sensor for in situ groundwater quality monitoring with applications in CO2 leak sensing in carbon sequestration. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41025-3.
Hartzler, Daniel A., Jain, J. C., and McIntyre, Dustin L. Thu . "Development of a subsurface LIBS sensor for in situ groundwater quality monitoring with applications in CO2 leak sensing in carbon sequestration". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41025-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1532663.
@article{osti_1532663,
title = {Development of a subsurface LIBS sensor for in situ groundwater quality monitoring with applications in CO2 leak sensing in carbon sequestration},
author = {Hartzler, Daniel A. and Jain, J. C. and McIntyre, Dustin L.},
abstractNote = {Sub-surface activity such as geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) has the potential to contaminate groundwater sources with dissolved metals originating from sub-surface brines or leaching of formation rock. Therefore, a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) based sensor is developed for sub-surface water quality monitoring. The sensor head is built using a low cost passively Q-switched (PQSW) laser and is fiber coupled to a pump laser and a gated spectrometer. The prototype sensor head was constructed using off the shelf components and a custom monolithic, PQSW laser and testing has verified that the fiber coupled design performs as desired. The system shows good calibration linearity for tested elements (Ca, Sr, and K), quick data collection times, and Limits of Detection (LODs) that are comparable to or better than those of table top, actively Q-switched systems. The fiber coupled design gives the ability to separate the PQSW LIBS excitation laser from the pump source and spectrometer, allowing these expensive and fragile components to remain at the surface while only the low-cost, all optical sensor head needs to be exposed to the hostile downhole environment.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-019-41025-3},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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