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Title: Beam distortion effects upon focusing an ultrashort petawatt laser pulse to greater than 10 22 W/cm 2

Abstract

When an ultrashort laser pulse is tightly focused to a size approaching its central wavelength, the properties of the focused spot diverge from the diffraction-limited case. Here, we report on this change in behavior of a tightly focused petawatt-class laser beam by an $f/1$ off-axis parabolic mirror (OAPM). Considering the effects of residual aberration, the spatial profile of the near-field, and pointing error, we estimate the deviation in peak intensities of the focused spot from the ideal case. Here, we verify that the estimated peak intensity values are within an acceptable error range of the measured values. With the added uncertainties in target alignment, we extend the estimation to infer on-target peak intensities of ≥1022 W/cm2 for a target at the focal plane of this $f/1$ OAPM.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ;  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  2. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); National Energetics, Austin, TX (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)
  5. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Center for Relativistic Laser Science, Inst. for Basic Science, Gwangju (South Korea)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1532478
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1515608
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; FA9550-14-1-0045; FA9550-17-1-0264; 12-63-PULSEFP014; NA0002008
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-9592
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Tiwari, G., Gaul, E., Martinez, M., Dyer, G., Gordon, J., Spinks, M., Toncian, T., Bowers, B., Jiao, X., Kupfer, R., Lisi, L., McCary, E., Roycroft, R., Yandow, A., Glenn, G. D., Donovan, M., Ditmire, T., and Hegelich, B. M. Beam distortion effects upon focusing an ultrashort petawatt laser pulse to greater than 10 22 W/cm 2. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1364/ol.44.002764.
Tiwari, G., Gaul, E., Martinez, M., Dyer, G., Gordon, J., Spinks, M., Toncian, T., Bowers, B., Jiao, X., Kupfer, R., Lisi, L., McCary, E., Roycroft, R., Yandow, A., Glenn, G. D., Donovan, M., Ditmire, T., & Hegelich, B. M. Beam distortion effects upon focusing an ultrashort petawatt laser pulse to greater than 10 22 W/cm 2. United States. doi:10.1364/ol.44.002764.
Tiwari, G., Gaul, E., Martinez, M., Dyer, G., Gordon, J., Spinks, M., Toncian, T., Bowers, B., Jiao, X., Kupfer, R., Lisi, L., McCary, E., Roycroft, R., Yandow, A., Glenn, G. D., Donovan, M., Ditmire, T., and Hegelich, B. M. Fri . "Beam distortion effects upon focusing an ultrashort petawatt laser pulse to greater than 10 22 W/cm 2". United States. doi:10.1364/ol.44.002764. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1532478.
@article{osti_1532478,
title = {Beam distortion effects upon focusing an ultrashort petawatt laser pulse to greater than 10 22 W/cm 2},
author = {Tiwari, G. and Gaul, E. and Martinez, M. and Dyer, G. and Gordon, J. and Spinks, M. and Toncian, T. and Bowers, B. and Jiao, X. and Kupfer, R. and Lisi, L. and McCary, E. and Roycroft, R. and Yandow, A. and Glenn, G. D. and Donovan, M. and Ditmire, T. and Hegelich, B. M.},
abstractNote = {When an ultrashort laser pulse is tightly focused to a size approaching its central wavelength, the properties of the focused spot diverge from the diffraction-limited case. Here, we report on this change in behavior of a tightly focused petawatt-class laser beam by an $f/1$ off-axis parabolic mirror (OAPM). Considering the effects of residual aberration, the spatial profile of the near-field, and pointing error, we estimate the deviation in peak intensities of the focused spot from the ideal case. Here, we verify that the estimated peak intensity values are within an acceptable error range of the measured values. With the added uncertainties in target alignment, we extend the estimation to infer on-target peak intensities of ≥1022 W/cm2 for a target at the focal plane of this $f/1$ OAPM.},
doi = {10.1364/ol.44.002764},
journal = {Optics Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, May 2015

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Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams
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High-energy large-aperture Ti:sapphire amplifier for 5 PW laser pulses
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Design of PETAL multipetawatt high-energy laser front end based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification
journal, January 2007

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Pulse-front tilt caused by spatial and temporal chirp
journal, January 2004


Enhanced Multi-MeV Photon Emission by a Laser-Driven Electron Beam in a Self-Generated Magnetic Field
journal, May 2016


The Apollon 10 PW laser: experimental and theoretical investigation of the temporal characteristics
journal, January 2016

  • Papadopoulos, D. N.; Zou, J. P.; Le Blanc, C.
  • High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 4
  • DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2016.34

The extreme light infrastructure—nuclear physics (ELI-NP) facility: new horizons in physics with 10 PW ultra-intense lasers and 20 MeV brilliant gamma beams
journal, August 2018

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  • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 81, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/aacfe8

Generation and characterization of the highest laser intensities (1022 W/cm2)
journal, January 2004

  • Bahk, S.-W.; Rousseau, P.; Planchon, T. A.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 24, p. 2837-2839
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.29.002837

Zernike coefficients: are they really enough?
conference, July 2000

  • Progler, Christopher J.; Wong, Alfred K. K.
  • Microlithography 2000, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.389042

Interaction of electromagnetic waves with plasma in the radiation-dominated regime
journal, March 2004

  • Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Koga, J.
  • Plasma Physics Reports, Vol. 30, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1134/1.1687021

Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses
journal, December 1985


Extremely high-intensity laser interactions with fundamental quantum systems
journal, August 2012


Control of mid-spatial frequency errors considering the pad groove feature in smoothing polishing process
journal, January 2014


Transformation of Zernike coefficients: scaled, translated, and rotated wavefronts with circular and elliptical pupils
journal, January 2007

  • Lundström, Linda; Unsbo, Peter
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.24.000569

Effects of structured mid-spatial frequency surface errors on image performance
journal, January 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses
    journal, December 1985


    The Apollon 10 PW laser: experimental and theoretical investigation of the temporal characteristics
    journal, January 2016

    • Papadopoulos, D. N.; Zou, J. P.; Le Blanc, C.
    • High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 4
    • DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2016.34

    Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams
    journal, July 2016


    A confocal microscope position sensor for micron-scale target alignment in ultra-intense laser-matter experiments
    journal, May 2015

    • Willis, Christopher; Poole, Patrick L.; Akli, Kramer U.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921554

    The extreme light infrastructure—nuclear physics (ELI-NP) facility: new horizons in physics with 10 PW ultra-intense lasers and 20 MeV brilliant gamma beams
    journal, August 2018

    • Gales, S.; Tanaka, K. A.; Balabanski, D. L.
    • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 81, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/aacfe8

    Improved pulse contrast on the Texas Petawatt Laser
    journal, May 2016


    Enhanced Multi-MeV Photon Emission by a Laser-Driven Electron Beam in a Self-Generated Magnetic Field
    journal, May 2016


    Extremely high-intensity laser interactions with fundamental quantum systems
    journal, August 2012


    Zernike coefficients: are they really enough?
    conference, July 2000

    • Progler, Christopher J.; Wong, Alfred K. K.
    • Microlithography 2000, SPIE Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1117/12.389042

    The dynamics of a charged sphere and the electron
    journal, November 1997

    • Rohrlich, F.
    • American Journal of Physics, Vol. 65, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1119/1.18719

    Interaction of electromagnetic waves with plasma in the radiation-dominated regime
    journal, March 2004

    • Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Koga, J.
    • Plasma Physics Reports, Vol. 30, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1134/1.1687021

    Design of PETAL multipetawatt high-energy laser front end based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification
    journal, January 2007

    • Hugonnot, Emmanuel; Deschaseaux, Gérard; Hartmann, Olivier
    • Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1364/ao.46.008181

    Effects of structured mid-spatial frequency surface errors on image performance
    journal, January 2010


    Control of mid-spatial frequency errors considering the pad groove feature in smoothing polishing process
    journal, January 2014


    Transformation of Zernike coefficients: scaled, translated, and rotated wavefronts with circular and elliptical pupils
    journal, January 2007

    • Lundström, Linda; Unsbo, Peter
    • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 24, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1364/josaa.24.000569

    Generation and characterization of the highest laser intensities (1022 W/cm2)
    journal, January 2004

    • Bahk, S.-W.; Rousseau, P.; Planchon, T. A.
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 24, p. 2837-2839
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.29.002837

    High-energy large-aperture Ti:sapphire amplifier for 5 PW laser pulses
    journal, January 2015

    • Chu, Yuxi; Gan, Zebiao; Liang, Xiaoyan
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.40.005011

    Pulse-front tilt caused by spatial and temporal chirp
    journal, January 2004


    Direct laser ion acceleration and above-threshold ionization at intensities from 10 21   W / cm 2 to 3 × 10 23   W / cm 2
    journal, November 2019