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Title: A library of building occupant behaviour models represented in a standardised schema

Abstract

During the past four decades, a significant body of literature has reported on the impacts of occupant behaviour (OB) on building technologies, operation, and energy consumption. A large number of data-driven behavioural models have been developed based on field data. These models lack standardisation and consistency, leading to difficulties in applications and comparison. To address this concern, an ontology was developed using the drivers-needs-actions-systems (DNAS) framework. Recent work has been carried out to implement the theoretical DNAS framework into an eXtensible Markup Language (XML) schema, titled ‘occupant behaviour XML’ (obXML) which is a practical implementation of OB models that can be integrated into building performance simulation (BPS) programs. This paper presents a newly developed library of OB models represented in the standardised obXML schema format. This library provides ready-to-use examples for BPS users to employ more accurate occupant representation in their energy models. The library, which contains an initial effort of 52 OB models, was made publicly available for the BPS community. As part of the library development process, limitations of the obXML schema were identified and addressed, and future improvements were proposed. Authors hope that by compiling this library building, energy modellers from all over the world can enhancemore » their BPS models by integrating more accurate and robust OB patterns.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Budapest Univ. of Technology and Economics (Hungary); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Advanced Building and Urban Design (ABUD), Budapest (Hungary)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Fulbright Hungarian-America Commission
OSTI Identifier:
1532313
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy Efficiency
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 3]; Journal ID: ISSN 1570-646X
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; Occupant behaviour; Building performance simulation; XML schema; obXML; Occupant behaviour model

Citation Formats

Deme Belafi, Zsofia, Hong, Tianzhen, and Reith, Andras. A library of building occupant behaviour models represented in a standardised schema. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s12053-018-9658-0.
Deme Belafi, Zsofia, Hong, Tianzhen, & Reith, Andras. A library of building occupant behaviour models represented in a standardised schema. United States. doi:10.1007/s12053-018-9658-0.
Deme Belafi, Zsofia, Hong, Tianzhen, and Reith, Andras. Sat . "A library of building occupant behaviour models represented in a standardised schema". United States. doi:10.1007/s12053-018-9658-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1532313.
@article{osti_1532313,
title = {A library of building occupant behaviour models represented in a standardised schema},
author = {Deme Belafi, Zsofia and Hong, Tianzhen and Reith, Andras},
abstractNote = {During the past four decades, a significant body of literature has reported on the impacts of occupant behaviour (OB) on building technologies, operation, and energy consumption. A large number of data-driven behavioural models have been developed based on field data. These models lack standardisation and consistency, leading to difficulties in applications and comparison. To address this concern, an ontology was developed using the drivers-needs-actions-systems (DNAS) framework. Recent work has been carried out to implement the theoretical DNAS framework into an eXtensible Markup Language (XML) schema, titled ‘occupant behaviour XML’ (obXML) which is a practical implementation of OB models that can be integrated into building performance simulation (BPS) programs. This paper presents a newly developed library of OB models represented in the standardised obXML schema format. This library provides ready-to-use examples for BPS users to employ more accurate occupant representation in their energy models. The library, which contains an initial effort of 52 OB models, was made publicly available for the BPS community. As part of the library development process, limitations of the obXML schema were identified and addressed, and future improvements were proposed. Authors hope that by compiling this library building, energy modellers from all over the world can enhance their BPS models by integrating more accurate and robust OB patterns.},
doi = {10.1007/s12053-018-9658-0},
journal = {Energy Efficiency},
number = [3],
volume = [12],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: The process to develop the OB models library

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