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Title: Advanced Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries with Improved Efficiency, Durability and Cost

Abstract

The hydrogen/bromine flow battery is a promising candidate for large-scale energy storage due to fast kinetics, highly reversible reactions and low chemical costs. However, today's conventional hydrogen/bromine flow batteries use membrane materials (such as Nafion), platinum catalysts, and carbon-paper electrode materials that are expensive. In addition, platinum catalysts can be poisoned and corroded when exposed to HBr and Br 2, compromising system lifetime. To reduce the cost and increase the durability of H 2/Br 2 flow batteries, new materials are developed. The new Nafion/polyvinylidene fluoride electrospun composite membranes have high perm-selectivity at a fraction of the cost of Nafion membranes; the new nitrogen-functionalized platinum-iridium catalyst possesses excellent activity and durability in HBr/Br 2 environment; and the new carbon-nanotube-based Br 2 electrodes can achieve equal or better performance with less materials when compared to baseline electrode materials. Preliminary cost analysis shows that the new materials reduce H 2/Br 2 flow-battery energy-storage system stack and system costs significantly. The resulting advanced H 2/Br 2 flow batteries offer high power, high efficiency, substantially increased durability, and expected reduced cost.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. TVN Systems, Inc., Lawrence, KS (United States)
  2. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)
  3. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  4. Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1532175
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 163; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Lin, G., Chong, P. Y., Yarlagadda, V., Nguyen, T. V., Wycisk, R. J., Pintauro, P. N., Bates, M., Mukerjee, S., Tucker, M. C., and Weber, A. Z. Advanced Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries with Improved Efficiency, Durability and Cost. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0071601jes.
Lin, G., Chong, P. Y., Yarlagadda, V., Nguyen, T. V., Wycisk, R. J., Pintauro, P. N., Bates, M., Mukerjee, S., Tucker, M. C., & Weber, A. Z. Advanced Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries with Improved Efficiency, Durability and Cost. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0071601jes.
Lin, G., Chong, P. Y., Yarlagadda, V., Nguyen, T. V., Wycisk, R. J., Pintauro, P. N., Bates, M., Mukerjee, S., Tucker, M. C., and Weber, A. Z. Tue . "Advanced Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries with Improved Efficiency, Durability and Cost". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0071601jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1532175.
@article{osti_1532175,
title = {Advanced Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries with Improved Efficiency, Durability and Cost},
author = {Lin, G. and Chong, P. Y. and Yarlagadda, V. and Nguyen, T. V. and Wycisk, R. J. and Pintauro, P. N. and Bates, M. and Mukerjee, S. and Tucker, M. C. and Weber, A. Z.},
abstractNote = {The hydrogen/bromine flow battery is a promising candidate for large-scale energy storage due to fast kinetics, highly reversible reactions and low chemical costs. However, today's conventional hydrogen/bromine flow batteries use membrane materials (such as Nafion), platinum catalysts, and carbon-paper electrode materials that are expensive. In addition, platinum catalysts can be poisoned and corroded when exposed to HBr and Br2, compromising system lifetime. To reduce the cost and increase the durability of H2/Br2 flow batteries, new materials are developed. The new Nafion/polyvinylidene fluoride electrospun composite membranes have high perm-selectivity at a fraction of the cost of Nafion membranes; the new nitrogen-functionalized platinum-iridium catalyst possesses excellent activity and durability in HBr/Br2 environment; and the new carbon-nanotube-based Br2 electrodes can achieve equal or better performance with less materials when compared to baseline electrode materials. Preliminary cost analysis shows that the new materials reduce H2/Br2 flow-battery energy-storage system stack and system costs significantly. The resulting advanced H2/Br2 flow batteries offer high power, high efficiency, substantially increased durability, and expected reduced cost.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0071601jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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Cited by: 24 works
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Table I Table I: Membrane properties.

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Synthesis and Evaluation of Rh x S y Catalyst with High Affinity for Nafion Ionomer for HOR/HER in a H 2 -Br 2 Regenerative Fuel Cell
    journal, January 2019

    • Li, Yuanchao; Van Nguyen, Trung
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.1461910jes

    Energy storage inspired by nature – ionic liquid iron–sulfur clusters as electrolytes for redox flow batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Modrzynski, Christian; Burger, Peter
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 48, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8dt03776k