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Title: Improved electrochemical cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes via control of material morphology

Abstract

Using a model tunnel manganese oxide with the todorokite crystal structure (T-MnO2), we reveal that controlling the morphology of the active material can improve the cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes. The T-MnO2 structure is built from tunnels that provide spacious 1D diffusion channels for charge-carrying ions. Taking advantage of the unique ability to synthesize T-MnO2 in the form of both highly crystalline two-dimensional (2D) nanoplatelets and one-dimensional (1D) nanowires through a facile hydrothermal growth method, we investigated the effect of nanoscale particle dimensions on reversible battery cycling. Insertion of ions into the tunnels results in anisotropic expansion of the structure, making T-MnO2 with different morphologies an excellent model platform to understand how intercalation-induced volume change, typically leading to the deterioration of the electrode performance over extended cycling, can be controlled through synthesis of targeted morphologies. T-MnO2 nanowires showed not only significantly improved capacity retention but also substantially higher specific capacity than the T-MnO2 nanoplatelets. The enhanced electrochemical properties of the nanowire electrodes could be attributed to the larger surface-to-volume ratio than that of nanoplatelets, resulting in higher contact area with electrolyte for the nanowires. Moreover, due to the smaller cross-sectional area of the nanowires, volume expansion and contraction perpendicularmore » to the structural tunnels induced by reversible ion intercalation occurs in a more facile fashion. In this research we demonstrate that chemically controlling morphology and producing particles with nanostructure dimensionality replicating that of atomic structure (i.e., 1D morphology and 1D structure) makes it possible to enhance material performance.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1531232
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ionics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0947-7047
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; Manganese oxide with todorokite structure; Two-dimensional nanoplatelets; One-dimensional nanowires; Intercalation compounds; Batteries

Citation Formats

Bylesa, Bryan, Clites, Mallory, Cullen, David A., More, Karren, and Pomerantseva, Ekaterina. Improved electrochemical cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes via control of material morphology. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s11581-018-2715-z.
Bylesa, Bryan, Clites, Mallory, Cullen, David A., More, Karren, & Pomerantseva, Ekaterina. Improved electrochemical cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes via control of material morphology. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-018-2715-z
Bylesa, Bryan, Clites, Mallory, Cullen, David A., More, Karren, and Pomerantseva, Ekaterina. Wed . "Improved electrochemical cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes via control of material morphology". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-018-2715-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1531232.
@article{osti_1531232,
title = {Improved electrochemical cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes via control of material morphology},
author = {Bylesa, Bryan and Clites, Mallory and Cullen, David A. and More, Karren and Pomerantseva, Ekaterina},
abstractNote = {Using a model tunnel manganese oxide with the todorokite crystal structure (T-MnO2), we reveal that controlling the morphology of the active material can improve the cycling stability of intercalation battery electrodes. The T-MnO2 structure is built from tunnels that provide spacious 1D diffusion channels for charge-carrying ions. Taking advantage of the unique ability to synthesize T-MnO2 in the form of both highly crystalline two-dimensional (2D) nanoplatelets and one-dimensional (1D) nanowires through a facile hydrothermal growth method, we investigated the effect of nanoscale particle dimensions on reversible battery cycling. Insertion of ions into the tunnels results in anisotropic expansion of the structure, making T-MnO2 with different morphologies an excellent model platform to understand how intercalation-induced volume change, typically leading to the deterioration of the electrode performance over extended cycling, can be controlled through synthesis of targeted morphologies. T-MnO2 nanowires showed not only significantly improved capacity retention but also substantially higher specific capacity than the T-MnO2 nanoplatelets. The enhanced electrochemical properties of the nanowire electrodes could be attributed to the larger surface-to-volume ratio than that of nanoplatelets, resulting in higher contact area with electrolyte for the nanowires. Moreover, due to the smaller cross-sectional area of the nanowires, volume expansion and contraction perpendicular to the structural tunnels induced by reversible ion intercalation occurs in a more facile fashion. In this research we demonstrate that chemically controlling morphology and producing particles with nanostructure dimensionality replicating that of atomic structure (i.e., 1D morphology and 1D structure) makes it possible to enhance material performance.},
doi = {10.1007/s11581-018-2715-z},
journal = {Ionics},
number = 2,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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