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Title: C iv black hole mass measurements with the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES)

Abstract

Black hole mass measurements outside the local Universe are critically important to derive the growth of supermassive black holes over cosmic time, and to study the interplay between black hole growth and galaxy evolution. In this paper, we present two measurements of supermassive black hole masses from reverberation mapping (RM) of the broad C iv emission line. These measurements are based on multiyear photometry and spectroscopy from the Dark Energy Survey Supernova Program (DES-SN) and the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES), which together constitute the OzDES RM Program. The observed reverberation lag between the DES continuum photometry and the OzDES emission line fluxes is measured to be 358$$+126\atop{-123}$$ and 343$$+58\atop{-84}$$ d for two quasars at redshifts of 1.905 and 2.593, respectively. The corresponding masses of the two supermassive black holes are 4.4 × 10 9 and 3.3 × 10 9 M , which are among the highest redshift and highest mass black holes measured to date with RM studies. Finally, we use these new measurements to better determine the C iv radius-luminosity relationship for high-luminosity quasars, which is fundamental to many quasar black hole mass estimates and demographic studies.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [6];  [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [10];  [11];  [7];  [12];  [1]; ORCiD logo [13];  [14] more »;  [15];  [16];  [17]; ORCiD logo [18];  [19];  [20];  [7];  [11];  [7];  [17];  [21];  [22];  [23]; ORCiD logo [24];  [7];  [25]; ORCiD logo [1];  [26];  [27]; ORCiD logo [28];  [29];  [30];  [31];  [7];  [32];  [33]; ORCiD logo [9];  [34];  [15];  [23];  [35]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [36];  [37];  [12];  [19];  [7];  [38];  [17];  [19];  [18];  [39]; ORCiD logo [40];  [41]; ORCiD logo [42];  [9];  [43];  [38];  [44] « less
  1. School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
  2. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  3. School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
  4. The Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2601, Australia
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
  6. Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  7. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  8. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-348, South Korea
  9. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
  10. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
  11. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  12. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  13. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain; Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  14. INAF, Astrophysical Observatory of Turin, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy
  15. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  16. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  17. Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), E-08034 Barcelona, Spain; Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  18. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  19. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain
  20. Department of Physics, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi, Telangana 502285, India
  21. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA; Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  22. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  23. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  24. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA; Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  25. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
  26. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  27. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  28. Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 München, Germany
  29. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  30. Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721-0065, USA
  31. Australian Astronomical Optics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  32. Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, A28, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
  33. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, São Paulo, SP 05314-970, Brazil
  34. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  35. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  36. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
  37. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Pevensey Building, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
  38. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  39. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  40. Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
  41. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, SP, Brazil
  42. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
  43. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  44. Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1531210
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1527062
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 487; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; quasars: supermassive black holes; quasars: emission lines; black hole physics; accretion, accretion disks; galaxies: evolution

Citation Formats

Hoormann, J. K., Martini, P., Davis, T. M., King, A., Lidman, C., Mudd, D., Sharp, R., Sommer, N. E., Tucker, B. E., Yu, Z., Allam, S., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Banerji, M., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Childress, M., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hinton, S. R., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lewis, G. F., Lima, M., Macaulay, E., Maia, M. A. G., Menanteau, F., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Möller, A., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., and Uddin, S. A. C iv black hole mass measurements with the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES). United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1539.
Hoormann, J. K., Martini, P., Davis, T. M., King, A., Lidman, C., Mudd, D., Sharp, R., Sommer, N. E., Tucker, B. E., Yu, Z., Allam, S., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Banerji, M., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Childress, M., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hinton, S. R., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lewis, G. F., Lima, M., Macaulay, E., Maia, M. A. G., Menanteau, F., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Möller, A., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., & Uddin, S. A. C iv black hole mass measurements with the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES). United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1539.
Hoormann, J. K., Martini, P., Davis, T. M., King, A., Lidman, C., Mudd, D., Sharp, R., Sommer, N. E., Tucker, B. E., Yu, Z., Allam, S., Asorey, J., Avila, S., Banerji, M., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Calcino, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carollo, D., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Childress, M., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hinton, S. R., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., Hoyle, B., James, D. J., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lewis, G. F., Lima, M., Macaulay, E., Maia, M. A. G., Menanteau, F., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Möller, A., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swann, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., and Uddin, S. A. Wed . "C iv black hole mass measurements with the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES)". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1539.
@article{osti_1531210,
title = {C iv black hole mass measurements with the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES)},
author = {Hoormann, J. K. and Martini, P. and Davis, T. M. and King, A. and Lidman, C. and Mudd, D. and Sharp, R. and Sommer, N. E. and Tucker, B. E. and Yu, Z. and Allam, S. and Asorey, J. and Avila, S. and Banerji, M. and Brooks, D. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Burke, D. L. and Calcino, J. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carollo, D. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Childress, M. and De Vicente, J. and Desai, S. and Diehl, H. T. and Doel, P. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and García-Bellido, J. and Gerdes, D. W. and Gruen, D. and Gutierrez, G. and Hartley, W. G. and Hinton, S. R. and Hollowood, D. L. and Honscheid, K. and Hoyle, B. and James, D. J. and Krause, E. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lewis, G. F. and Lima, M. and Macaulay, E. and Maia, M. A. G. and Menanteau, F. and Miller, C. J. and Miquel, R. and Möller, A. and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Roodman, A. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schubnell, M. and Serrano, S. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. C. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Swann, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Uddin, S. A.},
abstractNote = {Black hole mass measurements outside the local Universe are critically important to derive the growth of supermassive black holes over cosmic time, and to study the interplay between black hole growth and galaxy evolution. In this paper, we present two measurements of supermassive black hole masses from reverberation mapping (RM) of the broad C iv emission line. These measurements are based on multiyear photometry and spectroscopy from the Dark Energy Survey Supernova Program (DES-SN) and the Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES), which together constitute the OzDES RM Program. The observed reverberation lag between the DES continuum photometry and the OzDES emission line fluxes is measured to be 358$+126\atop{-123}$ and 343$+58\atop{-84}$ d for two quasars at redshifts of 1.905 and 2.593, respectively. The corresponding masses of the two supermassive black holes are 4.4 × 109 and 3.3 × 109 M⊙, which are among the highest redshift and highest mass black holes measured to date with RM studies. Finally, we use these new measurements to better determine the C iv radius-luminosity relationship for high-luminosity quasars, which is fundamental to many quasar black hole mass estimates and demographic studies.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz1539},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 3,
volume = 487,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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