skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Interlayer RKKY coupling in bulk Rashba semiconductors under topological phase transition

Abstract

The bulk Rashba semiconductors BiTeX (X=I, Cl and Br) with intrinsically enhanced Rashba spin-orbit coupling provide a new platform for investigation of spintronic and magnetic phenomena in materials. We theoretically investigate the interlayer exchange interaction between two ferromagnets deposited on opposite surfaces of a bulk Rashba semiconductor BiTeI in its trivial and topological insulator phases. In the trivial phase BiTeI, we find that for ferromagnets with a magnetization orthogonal to the interface, the exchange coupling is reminiscent of that of a conventional three-dimensional metal. Remarkably, ferromagnets with a magnetization parallel to the interface display a magnetic exchange qualitatively different from that of conventional three-dimensional metal due to the spin-orbit coupling. In this case, the interlayer exchange interaction acquires two periods of oscillations and decays as the inverse of the thickness of the BiTeI layer. For topological BiTeI, the magnetic exchange interaction becomes mediated only by the helical surface states and acts between the one-dimensional spin chains at the edges of the sample. The surface state-mediated interlayer exchange interaction allows for the coupling of ferromagnets with non-collinear magnetization and displays a decay power different from that of trivial BiTeI, allowing the detection of the topological phase transition in this material. Ourmore » work provides insights into the magnetic properties of these newly discovered materials and their possible functionalization.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1531164
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546320
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0019326
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Asmar, Mahmoud M., and Tse, Wang-Kong. Interlayer RKKY coupling in bulk Rashba semiconductors under topological phase transition. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014410.
Asmar, Mahmoud M., & Tse, Wang-Kong. Interlayer RKKY coupling in bulk Rashba semiconductors under topological phase transition. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014410.
Asmar, Mahmoud M., and Tse, Wang-Kong. Mon . "Interlayer RKKY coupling in bulk Rashba semiconductors under topological phase transition". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014410. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1531164.
@article{osti_1531164,
title = {Interlayer RKKY coupling in bulk Rashba semiconductors under topological phase transition},
author = {Asmar, Mahmoud M. and Tse, Wang-Kong},
abstractNote = {The bulk Rashba semiconductors BiTeX (X=I, Cl and Br) with intrinsically enhanced Rashba spin-orbit coupling provide a new platform for investigation of spintronic and magnetic phenomena in materials. We theoretically investigate the interlayer exchange interaction between two ferromagnets deposited on opposite surfaces of a bulk Rashba semiconductor BiTeI in its trivial and topological insulator phases. In the trivial phase BiTeI, we find that for ferromagnets with a magnetization orthogonal to the interface, the exchange coupling is reminiscent of that of a conventional three-dimensional metal. Remarkably, ferromagnets with a magnetization parallel to the interface display a magnetic exchange qualitatively different from that of conventional three-dimensional metal due to the spin-orbit coupling. In this case, the interlayer exchange interaction acquires two periods of oscillations and decays as the inverse of the thickness of the BiTeI layer. For topological BiTeI, the magnetic exchange interaction becomes mediated only by the helical surface states and acts between the one-dimensional spin chains at the edges of the sample. The surface state-mediated interlayer exchange interaction allows for the coupling of ferromagnets with non-collinear magnetization and displays a decay power different from that of trivial BiTeI, allowing the detection of the topological phase transition in this material. Our work provides insights into the magnetic properties of these newly discovered materials and their possible functionalization.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014410},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 1,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Gate Control of Spin-Orbit Interaction in an Inverted I n 0.53 G a 0.47 As/I n 0.52 A l 0.48 As Heterostructure
journal, February 1997


Giant Spin Splitting through Surface Alloying
journal, May 2007


Spin Splitting of an Au(111) Surface State Band Observed with Angle Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, October 1996


Silicon Surface with Giant Spin Splitting
journal, July 2009


Strong Spin-Orbit Splitting on Bi Surfaces
journal, July 2004


Giant spin splitting of the two-dimensional electron gas at the surface of SrTiO3
journal, October 2014

  • Santander-Syro, A. F.; Fortuna, F.; Bareille, C.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4107

Bulk Rashba Semiconductors and Related Quantum Phenomena
journal, March 2017


Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI
journal, June 2011

  • Ishizaka, K.; Bahramy, M. S.; Murakawa, H.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3051

Detection of Berry's Phase in a Bulk Rashba Semiconductor
journal, December 2013


Crystal growth and electronic properties of a 3D Rashba material, BiTeI, with adjusted carrier concentrations
journal, March 2013


Exfoliation of single layer BiTeI flakes
journal, June 2018


Origin of giant bulk Rashba splitting: Application to BiTeI
journal, July 2011


CMOS-based carbon nanotube pass-transistor logic integrated circuits
journal, January 2012

  • Ding, Li; Zhang, Zhiyong; Liang, Shibo
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1682

Topological Quantum Phase Transition and Superconductivity Induced by Pressure in the Bismuth Tellurohalide BiTeI
journal, March 2017


Signatures of a Pressure-Induced Topological Quantum Phase Transition in BiTeI
journal, October 2013


Pressure-induced superconductivity in the giant Rashba system BiTeI
journal, January 2017

  • VanGennep, D.; Linscheid, A.; Jackson, D. E.
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 29, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa5567

Strongly Enhanced Berry Dipole at Topological Phase Transitions in BiTeI
journal, December 2018


Weyl semimetals from noncentrosymmetric topological insulators
journal, October 2014


Pressure effects on crystal and electronic structure of bismuth tellurohalides
journal, November 2016


Spintronics: A contemporary review of emerging electronics devices
journal, September 2016


Spintronics: Fundamentals and applications
journal, April 2004


Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010


Topological insulators and superconductors
journal, October 2011


Layered Magnetic Structures: Evidence for Antiferromagnetic Coupling of Fe Layers across Cr Interlayers
journal, November 1986


Giant Magnetoresistance of (001)Fe/(001)Cr Magnetic Superlattices
journal, November 1988


Indirect Exchange Coupling of Nuclear Magnetic Moments by Conduction Electrons
journal, October 1954


A Theory of Metallic Ferro- and Antiferromagnetism on Zener's Model
journal, July 1956

  • Kasuya, Tadao
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1143/PTP.16.45

Magnetic Properties of Cu-Mn Alloys
journal, June 1957


RKKY coupling in graphene
journal, May 2010


Spin susceptibility of two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides
journal, July 2014


RKKY interaction and intervalley processes in p -doped transition-metal dichalcogenides
journal, October 2014


Hybridization and anisotropy in the exchange interaction in three-dimensional Dirac semimetals
journal, March 2016


RKKY interaction of magnetic impurities in Dirac and Weyl semimetals
journal, December 2015


Oscillatory coupling between ferromagnetic layers separated by a nonmagnetic metal spacer
journal, September 1991


Ruderman-Kittel theory of oscillatory interlayer exchange coupling
journal, July 1992


Signatures of Majorana Fermions in Hybrid Superconductor-Semiconductor Nanowire Devices
journal, April 2012


Asymmetric magnetic domain-wall motion by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction
journal, December 2013


Magnetic skyrmions: from fundamental to applications
journal, September 2016

  • Finocchio, Giovanni; Büttner, Felix; Tomasello, Riccardo
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 49, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/49/42/423001

Transport signatures of Fermi surface topology change in BiTeI
journal, May 2015


Optical Response of Relativistic Electrons in the Polar BiTeI Semiconductor
journal, September 2011


Shubnikov–de Haas oscillations in the bulk Rashba semiconductor BiTeI
journal, February 2013


Image of the Fermi Surface in the Vibration Spectrum of a Metal
journal, May 1959


Observation of two different oscillation periods in the exchange coupling of Fe/Cr/Fe(100)
journal, July 1991


Oscillations with a period of two Cr monolayers in the antiferromagnetic exchange coupling in a (001) Fe/Cr/Fe sandwich structure
journal, August 1991


Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida range function of a one-dimensional free-electron gas
journal, September 1987


Spin responses and effective Hamiltonian for the two-dimensional electron gas at the oxide interface LaAlO 3 / SrTiO 3
journal, June 2015


Two-dimensional superconductivity with strong spin-orbit interaction
journal, March 2002


Ferromagnetism and glassiness on the surface of topological insulators
journal, December 2016


Magnetoelectric response of the time-reversal invariant helical metal
journal, May 2010


Electrically Controllable Surface Magnetism on the Surface of Topological Insulators
journal, February 2011


Ordering of Magnetic Impurities and Tunable Electronic Properties of Topological Insulators
journal, March 2011


Self-consistent theory of ferromagnetism on the surface of a topological insulator
journal, March 2014


Linear response theory of interacting topological insulators
journal, December 2011


Effect of surface hybridization on RKKY coupling in ferromagnet/topological insulator/ferromagnet trilayer system
journal, May 2017

  • Ho, Cong Son; Jalil, Mansoor B. A.
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4977072

RKKY interaction on surfaces of topological insulators with superconducting proximity effect
journal, September 2014


Effect of the Rashba splitting on the RKKY interaction in topological-insulator thin films
journal, July 2017


Surface states of topological insulators
journal, August 2012


Surface edge state and half-quantized Hall conductance in topological insulators
journal, August 2011


Topological insulators in three dimensions from spontaneous symmetry breaking
journal, June 2009


Z2 Topological Order and the Quantum Spin Hall Effect
journal, September 2005


Hexagonal Warping Effects in the Surface States of the Topological Insulator Bi 2 Te 3
journal, December 2009


Noncollinear exchange coupling in a trilayer magnetic junction and its connection to Fermi surface topology
journal, June 2006


Screening Effect and Impurity Scattering in Monolayer Graphene
journal, July 2006


Dielectric function, screening, and plasmons in two-dimensional graphene
journal, May 2007


A thermodynamic theory of “weak” ferromagnetism of antiferromagnetics
journal, January 1958


Anisotropic Superexchange Interaction and Weak Ferromagnetism
journal, October 1960


Concurrent enhancement of Kerr rotation and antiferromagnetic coupling in epitaxial Fe/Cu/Fe structures
journal, December 1990


Oscillations in exchange coupling and magnetoresistance in metallic superlattice structures: Co/Ru, Co/Cr, and Fe/Cr
journal, May 1990


Proximity Induced High-Temperature Magnetic Order in Topological Insulator - Ferrimagnetic Insulator Heterostructure
journal, May 2014

  • Lang, Murong; Montazeri, Mohammad; Onbasli, Mehmet C.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl500973k

Thickness-Dependent Crossover from Charge- to Strain-Mediated Magnetoelectric Coupling in Ferromagnetic/Piezoelectric Oxide Heterostructures
journal, December 2013

  • Spurgeon, Steven R.; Sloppy, Jennifer D.; Kepaptsoglou, Despoina Maria (Demie)
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn405636c

Interlayer Exchange Coupling in Asymmetric Co Fe / Ru / Co Fe Trilayers Investigated with Broadband Temperature-Dependent Ferromagnetic Resonance
journal, July 2017


Interfacial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and damping parameter in ultra thin Co 2 FeAl films
journal, April 2013

  • Cui, Yishen; Khodadadi, Behrouz; Schäfer, Sebastian
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4802952

Measurements of the exchange stiffness of YIG films using broadband ferromagnetic resonance techniques
journal, December 2014


Using Ferromagnetic Resonance as a Sensitive Method to Study Temperature Dependence of Interlayer Exchange Coupling
journal, July 1994


Pressure-Induced Enhancement of Giant Magnetoresistance due to Crossover of Interlayer Exchange Coupling in Fe / Cr Multilayers
journal, May 2007


Stress-Enhanced Interlayer Exchange Coupling and Optical-Mode FMR Frequency in Self-Bias FeCoB/Ru/FeCoB Trilayers
journal, February 2018

  • Li, Shandong; Miao, Guo-Xing; Cao, Derang
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b19684

Screening in the two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit coupling
journal, July 2006


RKKY interaction in three-dimensional electron gases with linear spin-orbit coupling
journal, September 2017