skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry

Abstract

To increase and maintain existing hydropower capacity within biological performance-based regulations, predictive simulation methods are needed that can reliably estimate the risk to fish passing through flow passage routes at hydropower facilities. One of the central challenges is to validate the software capabilities for simulating the trajectories, including collisions, of inertial particles against laboratory data. In this work, neutrally buoyant spherical- and rod-shaped beads were released upstream of laboratory-scale geometries representative of the distributor of a hydroturbine. The experimental campaign involved a test matrix of 24 configurations with variations in bead geometry, collision target geometry, flow speeds, and release locations. A total of more than 10,000 beads were recorded using high-speed video cameras and analyzed using particle tracking software. Collision rates from 1–7% were observed for the cylinder geometry and rates of 1–23% were observed for the vane array over the range of test configurations.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1530610
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-132240
Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4441; WATEGH
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Water (Basel); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4441
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
13 HYDRO ENERGY

Citation Formats

Harding, Samuel F., Richmond, Marshall C., and Mueller, Robert P. Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/w11030471.
Harding, Samuel F., Richmond, Marshall C., & Mueller, Robert P. Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry. United States. doi:10.3390/w11030471.
Harding, Samuel F., Richmond, Marshall C., and Mueller, Robert P. Wed . "Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry". United States. doi:10.3390/w11030471. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1530610.
@article{osti_1530610,
title = {Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry},
author = {Harding, Samuel F. and Richmond, Marshall C. and Mueller, Robert P.},
abstractNote = {To increase and maintain existing hydropower capacity within biological performance-based regulations, predictive simulation methods are needed that can reliably estimate the risk to fish passing through flow passage routes at hydropower facilities. One of the central challenges is to validate the software capabilities for simulating the trajectories, including collisions, of inertial particles against laboratory data. In this work, neutrally buoyant spherical- and rod-shaped beads were released upstream of laboratory-scale geometries representative of the distributor of a hydroturbine. The experimental campaign involved a test matrix of 24 configurations with variations in bead geometry, collision target geometry, flow speeds, and release locations. A total of more than 10,000 beads were recorded using high-speed video cameras and analyzed using particle tracking software. Collision rates from 1–7% were observed for the cylinder geometry and rates of 1–23% were observed for the vane array over the range of test configurations.},
doi = {10.3390/w11030471},
journal = {Water (Basel)},
number = 3,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The effect of Reynolds number on the dynamics and wakes of freely rising and falling spheres
journal, March 2010


Motion of inertial particles with size larger than Kolmogorov scale in turbulent flows
journal, August 2008


The Development of Advanced Hydroelectric Turbines to Improve Fish Passage Survival
journal, September 2001


Noise correction of turbulent spectra obtained from acoustic doppler velocimeters
journal, June 2014


Velocity Measurements over a Pitching Airfoil
journal, January 1997

  • Oshima, H.; Ramaprian, B. R.
  • AIAA Journal, Vol. 35, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2514/2.71

Large sphere motion in a nonhomogeneous turbulent flow
journal, January 2014


Acceleration statistics of inertial particles in turbulent flow
journal, December 2008


Dedicated vertical wind tunnel for the study of sedimentation of non-spherical particles
journal, May 2013

  • Bagheri, G. H.; Bonadonna, C.; Manzella, I.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4805019

Assessing hydraulic conditions through Francis turbines using an autonomous sensor device
journal, December 2016


Despiking Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter Data
journal, January 2002


Study on the Drag of a Cylinder-Shaped Particle in Steady Upward Gas Flow
journal, June 2011

  • Ren, Bing; Zhong, Wenqi; Jin, Baosheng
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 50, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie102263u

Comparative Study of Barotrauma Risk during Fish Passage through Kaplan Turbines
null, January 2015

  • Richmond, Marshall C.; Serkowski, John A.; Rakowski, Cindy L.
  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
  • DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3747.0321

Salmonid Smolt Survival Relative to Turbine Efficiency and Entrainment Depth in Hydroelectric Power Generation
journal, August 2000


Movement and collision of Lagrangian particles in hydro-turbine intakes: a case study
journal, March 2017


Fish Behavior in Relation to Passage through Hydropower Turbines: A Review
journal, March 2000


Turbulent Transport of Material Particles: An Experimental Study of Finite Size Effects
journal, October 2007


Mechanics of Immersed Particle Collisions
journal, March 1999

  • Zenit, Roberto; Hunt, Melany L.
  • Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 121, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1115/1.2821999

Survival of Juvenile Rainbow Trout Passing through a Francis Turbine
journal, February 2007

  • Dedual, Michel
  • North American Journal of Fisheries Management, Vol. 27, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1577/M05-174.1

Design and implementation of a new autonomous sensor fish to support advanced hydropower development
journal, November 2014

  • Deng, Z. D.; Lu, J.; Myjak, M. J.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 11, Article No. 115001
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4900543

Developing fish passage and protection at hydropower dams
journal, May 2007


Pressure measurements on a pitching airfoil in a water channel
journal, January 1994

  • Conger, Rand N.; Ramaprian, B. R.
  • AIAA Journal, Vol. 32, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2514/3.11957

A Correction Method for Turbulence Measurements with a 3D Acoustic Doppler Velocity Profiler
journal, March 2001


Quantifying barotrauma risk to juvenile fish during hydro-turbine passage
journal, June 2014


Fish passage through hydropower turbines: Simulating blade strike using the discrete element method
journal, March 2014


Turbulence Measurements with Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters
journal, December 2005


Particle–wall collisions in a viscous fluid
journal, April 2001


Six-Degree-of-Freedom Sensor Fish Design and Instrumentation
journal, December 2007

  • Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas; Richmond, Joanne
  • Sensors, Vol. 7, Issue 12, p. 3399-3415
  • DOI: 10.3390/s7123399

Noise of Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter Data in Bubbly Flows
journal, January 2007