skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A platform for nuclear physics experiments with laser-accelerated light ions

Abstract

A novel platform for nuclear physics experiments has been observed on the high-energy, short-pulse OMEGA EP Laser System. Planar foil targets are irradiated with a 10-ps, 1-kJ infrared beam focused to an intensity of the order of 1018W/cm2. Relativistic electrons generated in the laser–target interaction escape the target, generating a very large electrostatic field, which extracts ions from the target’s back surface and accelerates them to MeV energies. The energetic ion flow from the back side of this primary target creates neutrons and charged particles through nuclear reactions in a secondary target placed in the ion flow. Charged-particle detectors were used to measure the energy spectra of the ions. The energy spectrum of the neutrons generated in the secondary target was measured using scintillator-based neutron time-of-flight detectors. First experiments to confirm the performance of this setup studied d(d,n)3He and 9Be(d,n)10B reactions. This experimental platform is suitable especially for survey-type studies of nuclear reactions and for reactions that involve rare or radioactive ions like tritium.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1530533
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1547156
Report Number(s):
2018-278, 1504
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-583X; 2018-278, 1504, 2463
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003856
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 453; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-583X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Short-pulse laser; deuteron beam; nuclear reactions; fusion reactions

Citation Formats

Stoeckl, C., Forrest, C. J., Glebov, V. Yu., Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Schröder, W. U., Schwemmlein, A., and Theobald, W. A platform for nuclear physics experiments with laser-accelerated light ions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2019.05.073.
Stoeckl, C., Forrest, C. J., Glebov, V. Yu., Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Schröder, W. U., Schwemmlein, A., & Theobald, W. A platform for nuclear physics experiments with laser-accelerated light ions. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2019.05.073.
Stoeckl, C., Forrest, C. J., Glebov, V. Yu., Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Schröder, W. U., Schwemmlein, A., and Theobald, W. Wed . "A platform for nuclear physics experiments with laser-accelerated light ions". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2019.05.073. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1530533.
@article{osti_1530533,
title = {A platform for nuclear physics experiments with laser-accelerated light ions},
author = {Stoeckl, C. and Forrest, C. J. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Regan, S. P. and Sangster, T. C. and Schröder, W. U. and Schwemmlein, A. and Theobald, W.},
abstractNote = {A novel platform for nuclear physics experiments has been observed on the high-energy, short-pulse OMEGA EP Laser System. Planar foil targets are irradiated with a 10-ps, 1-kJ infrared beam focused to an intensity of the order of 1018W/cm2. Relativistic electrons generated in the laser–target interaction escape the target, generating a very large electrostatic field, which extracts ions from the target’s back surface and accelerates them to MeV energies. The energetic ion flow from the back side of this primary target creates neutrons and charged particles through nuclear reactions in a secondary target placed in the ion flow. Charged-particle detectors were used to measure the energy spectra of the ions. The energy spectrum of the neutrons generated in the secondary target was measured using scintillator-based neutron time-of-flight detectors. First experiments to confirm the performance of this setup studied d(d,n)3He and 9Be(d,n)10B reactions. This experimental platform is suitable especially for survey-type studies of nuclear reactions and for reactions that involve rare or radioactive ions like tritium.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nimb.2019.05.073},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
number = C,
volume = 453,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Recent developments in Geant4
journal, November 2016

  • Allison, J.; Amako, K.; Apostolakis, J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 835
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125

Proton Spectra from He 3 + T and He 3 + He 3 Fusion at Low Center-of-Mass Energy, with Potential Implications for Solar Fusion Cross Sections
journal, November 2017


A gated liquid-scintillator-based neutron detector for fast-ignitor experiments and down-scattered neutron measurements
journal, October 2010

  • Stoeckl, C.; Cruz, M.; Glebov, V. Yu.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3466899

Improved formulas for fusion cross-sections and thermal reactivities
journal, April 1992


New nuclear physics for big bang nucleosynthesis
journal, November 2010


Low-Afterglow, High-Refractive-Index Liquid Scintillators for Fast-Neutron Spectrometry and Imaging Applications
journal, June 2009

  • Lauck, Ronald; Brandis, Michal; Bromberger, Benjamin
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 56, Issue 3, p. 989-993
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2008.2009449

Laser Induced Nuclear Physics and Applications
journal, April 2005


High-resolution Thomson parabola for ion analysis
journal, November 2011

  • Cobble, J. A.; Flippo, K. A.; Offermann, D. T.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3658048

Laser generated neutron source for neutron resonance spectroscopy
journal, October 2010

  • Higginson, D. P.; McNaney, J. M.; Swift, D. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3484218

High-Energy Petawatt Project at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics
journal, April 2006

  • Stoeckl, C.; Delettrez, J. A.; Kelly, J. H.
  • Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 49, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.13182/FST06-A1155

SRIM – The stopping and range of ions in matter (2010)
journal, June 2010

  • Ziegler, James F.; Ziegler, M. D.; Biersack, J. P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 268, Issue 11-12
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2010.02.091

Industrial applications of laser neutron source
journal, August 2010


Prospects for nuclear physics with lasers
journal, November 2007


The response of CR-39 nuclear track detector to 1–9 MeV protons
journal, October 2011

  • Sinenian, N.; Rosenberg, M. J.; Manuel, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3653549

Neutrons Emitted in the 9 Be (d, n) 10 B Reaction at a Deuteron Energy of 80 keV
journal, December 1962


Operation of target diagnostics in a petawatt laser environment (invited)
journal, October 2006

  • Stoeckl, C.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Jaanimagi, P. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2217922

Characterization of 7Li(p,n)7Be neutron yields from laser produced ion beams for fast neutron radiography
journal, July 2004

  • Lancaster, K. L.; Karsch, S.; Habara, H.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1756911

Radiochromic film imaging spectroscopy of laser-accelerated proton beams
journal, March 2009

  • Nürnberg, F.; Schollmeier, M.; Brambrink, E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 80, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3086424

Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laser–solid interactions
journal, February 2001

  • Wilks, S. C.; Langdon, A. B.; Cowan, T. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 2, p. 542-549
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1333697

Effect of Plasma Scale Length on Multi-MeV Proton Production by Intense Laser Pulses
journal, February 2001


The investigation of high intensity laser driven micro neutron sources for fusion materials research at high fluence
journal, January 2000


Calibration of a Thomson parabola ion spectrometer and Fujifilm imaging plate detectors for protons, deuterons, and alpha particles
journal, July 2011

  • Freeman, C. G.; Fiksel, G.; Stoeckl, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3606446

Nuclear science experiments with a bright neutron source from fusion reactions on the OMEGA Laser System
journal, April 2018

  • Forrest, C. J.; Knauer, J. P.; Schroeder, W. U.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 888
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.072