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Title: Integrating Biomass Conversion Technologies with Recovery Operations In-Woods: Modeling Supply Chain

Abstract

Economic potential of feedstock generated low-valued forest residue can be enhanced by emerging biomass conversion technologies (BCT), such as torrefaction, briquetting, and gasification. However, for implementing these emerging processes within the woods, several hurdles are to be overcome, among which a balanced supply chain is pivotal. Centralized biomass recovery operation (CBRO) could be an economically viable solution in accessing harvesting sites and allows integration of BCT into forest management. The goal of this study was to examine the logistic effects of integrating a BCT into a CBRO, under different in-wood scenarios based on variations in travel time between the facility locations, amount of raw materials handled, intermediate storage capacity, and duration (number of days) of annual operations. Specific objectives included analyzing the effects of forest residue recoverability (BDMT, bone dry metric ton/ha), total transportation time from the harvest unit to the market, and the annual number of in-woods production sites on the overall efficiency of the BCT operations. Concurrently, this study examined the forest managerial impacts due to such an integration. Location-allocation tool (maximize market share problem type) within the ArcGIS Network Analyst platform was utilized to model the scenarios and generate one-way travel times from the harvest site tomore » final markets. Results from geospatial analysis showed that there were 89–159 and 64–136 suitable locations for the BCT for logistics model (LM) I and II, respectively. Total one-way travel time for all the models ranged between 1.0–1.7 h. Additionally, the annual numbers of BCT sites was inversely proportional to the total one-way travel time (i.e., harvest unit to market). Arranging CBRO and BCT operations to occur at the same in-woods site returned shorter total and average travel times than arranging the two activities at separate in-woods sites. The model developed for this study can be used by forest managers and entrepreneurs to identify sites for placing BCTs in the forest that minimizes transportation times.« less

Authors:
; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1530480
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0006297
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Logistics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Logistics Journal Volume: 3 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2305-6290
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Paulson, Jeffrey Steven, Kizha, Anil Raj, and Han, Han-Sup. Integrating Biomass Conversion Technologies with Recovery Operations In-Woods: Modeling Supply Chain. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/logistics3030016.
Paulson, Jeffrey Steven, Kizha, Anil Raj, & Han, Han-Sup. Integrating Biomass Conversion Technologies with Recovery Operations In-Woods: Modeling Supply Chain. Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.3390/logistics3030016.
Paulson, Jeffrey Steven, Kizha, Anil Raj, and Han, Han-Sup. Mon . "Integrating Biomass Conversion Technologies with Recovery Operations In-Woods: Modeling Supply Chain". Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.3390/logistics3030016.
@article{osti_1530480,
title = {Integrating Biomass Conversion Technologies with Recovery Operations In-Woods: Modeling Supply Chain},
author = {Paulson, Jeffrey Steven and Kizha, Anil Raj and Han, Han-Sup},
abstractNote = {Economic potential of feedstock generated low-valued forest residue can be enhanced by emerging biomass conversion technologies (BCT), such as torrefaction, briquetting, and gasification. However, for implementing these emerging processes within the woods, several hurdles are to be overcome, among which a balanced supply chain is pivotal. Centralized biomass recovery operation (CBRO) could be an economically viable solution in accessing harvesting sites and allows integration of BCT into forest management. The goal of this study was to examine the logistic effects of integrating a BCT into a CBRO, under different in-wood scenarios based on variations in travel time between the facility locations, amount of raw materials handled, intermediate storage capacity, and duration (number of days) of annual operations. Specific objectives included analyzing the effects of forest residue recoverability (BDMT, bone dry metric ton/ha), total transportation time from the harvest unit to the market, and the annual number of in-woods production sites on the overall efficiency of the BCT operations. Concurrently, this study examined the forest managerial impacts due to such an integration. Location-allocation tool (maximize market share problem type) within the ArcGIS Network Analyst platform was utilized to model the scenarios and generate one-way travel times from the harvest site to final markets. Results from geospatial analysis showed that there were 89–159 and 64–136 suitable locations for the BCT for logistics model (LM) I and II, respectively. Total one-way travel time for all the models ranged between 1.0–1.7 h. Additionally, the annual numbers of BCT sites was inversely proportional to the total one-way travel time (i.e., harvest unit to market). Arranging CBRO and BCT operations to occur at the same in-woods site returned shorter total and average travel times than arranging the two activities at separate in-woods sites. The model developed for this study can be used by forest managers and entrepreneurs to identify sites for placing BCTs in the forest that minimizes transportation times.},
doi = {10.3390/logistics3030016},
journal = {Logistics},
number = 3,
volume = 3,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.3390/logistics3030016

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