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Title: Clustering of intermediate redshift quasars using the final SDSS III-BOSS sample

Abstract

In this study, we measure the two-point clustering of spectroscopically confirmed quasars from the final sample of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) on comoving scales of 4 ≲ s ≲ 22 h -1Mpc. The sample covers 6950 deg 2 [~19 (h -1Gpc) 3] and, over the redshift range 2.2 ≲ z ≲ 2.8, contains 55 826 homogeneously selected quasars, which is twice as many as in any similar work. We deduce bQ= 3.54 ± 0.10; the most precise measurement of quasar bias to date at these redshifts. This corresponds to a host halo mass of ~2 × 10 12h -1M⊙ with an implied quasar duty cycle of ~1 per cent. The real-space projected correlation function is well fitted by a power law of index 2 and correlation length r 0= (8.12 ± 0.22) h -1Mpc over scales of 4 ≲ r p ≲ 25 h -1Mpc. To better study the evolution of quasar clustering at moderate redshift, we extend the redshift range of our study to z ~ 3.4 and measure the bias and correlation length of three subsamples over 2.2 ≲ z ≲ 3.4. We find no significant evolution of r 0 or bias over this range, implyingmore » that the host halo mass of quasars decreases somewhat with increasing redshift. We find quasar clustering remains similar over a decade in luminosity, contradicting a scenario in which quasar luminosity is monotonically related to halo mass at z ≈ 2.5. In conclusion, our results are broadly consistent with previous BOSS measurements, but they yield more precise constraints based upon a larger and more uniform data set.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]
  1. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  4. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  5. Carnegie Observatories, Pasadena, CA (United States); Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States); Univ. of Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  8. INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste (Italy)
  9. Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), Tenerife (Spain)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1530206
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 453; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: quasars: general; cosmology: observations; dark matter; large-scale structure of Universe

Citation Formats

Eftekharzadeh, Sarah, Myers, Adam D., White, Martin, Weinberg, David H., Schneider, Donald P., Shen, Yue, Font-Ribera, Andreu, Ross, Nicholas P., Paris, Isabelle, and Streblyanska, Alina. Clustering of intermediate redshift quasars using the final SDSS III-BOSS sample. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stv1763.
Eftekharzadeh, Sarah, Myers, Adam D., White, Martin, Weinberg, David H., Schneider, Donald P., Shen, Yue, Font-Ribera, Andreu, Ross, Nicholas P., Paris, Isabelle, & Streblyanska, Alina. Clustering of intermediate redshift quasars using the final SDSS III-BOSS sample. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stv1763.
Eftekharzadeh, Sarah, Myers, Adam D., White, Martin, Weinberg, David H., Schneider, Donald P., Shen, Yue, Font-Ribera, Andreu, Ross, Nicholas P., Paris, Isabelle, and Streblyanska, Alina. Thu . "Clustering of intermediate redshift quasars using the final SDSS III-BOSS sample". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stv1763. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1530206.
@article{osti_1530206,
title = {Clustering of intermediate redshift quasars using the final SDSS III-BOSS sample},
author = {Eftekharzadeh, Sarah and Myers, Adam D. and White, Martin and Weinberg, David H. and Schneider, Donald P. and Shen, Yue and Font-Ribera, Andreu and Ross, Nicholas P. and Paris, Isabelle and Streblyanska, Alina},
abstractNote = {In this study, we measure the two-point clustering of spectroscopically confirmed quasars from the final sample of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) on comoving scales of 4 ≲ s ≲ 22 h-1Mpc. The sample covers 6950 deg2 [~19 (h-1Gpc)3] and, over the redshift range 2.2 ≲ z ≲ 2.8, contains 55 826 homogeneously selected quasars, which is twice as many as in any similar work. We deduce bQ= 3.54 ± 0.10; the most precise measurement of quasar bias to date at these redshifts. This corresponds to a host halo mass of ~2 × 1012h-1M⊙ with an implied quasar duty cycle of ~1 per cent. The real-space projected correlation function is well fitted by a power law of index 2 and correlation length r0= (8.12 ± 0.22) h-1Mpc over scales of 4 ≲ rp ≲ 25 h-1Mpc. To better study the evolution of quasar clustering at moderate redshift, we extend the redshift range of our study to z ~ 3.4 and measure the bias and correlation length of three subsamples over 2.2 ≲ z ≲ 3.4. We find no significant evolution of r0 or bias over this range, implying that the host halo mass of quasars decreases somewhat with increasing redshift. We find quasar clustering remains similar over a decade in luminosity, contradicting a scenario in which quasar luminosity is monotonically related to halo mass at z ≈ 2.5. In conclusion, our results are broadly consistent with previous BOSS measurements, but they yield more precise constraints based upon a larger and more uniform data set.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stv1763},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 3,
volume = 453,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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  • Gabor, J. M.; Bournaud, Frédéric
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 434, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1046

CLUSTERING OF LOW-REDSHIFT ( z ⩽ 2.2) QUASARS FROM THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY
journal, May 2009


SDSS galaxy clustering: luminosity and colour dependence and stochasticity
journal, April 2008

  • Swanson, Molly E. C.; Tegmark, Max; Blanton, Michael
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 385, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.12948.x

Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias
journal, November 2000


The Halo Model and Numerical Simulations
journal, April 2001

  • White, Martin; Hernquist, Lars; Springel, Volker
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 550, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/319644

THE CLUSTERING OF MASSIVE GALAXIES AT z ∼ 0.5 FROM THE FIRST SEMESTER OF BOSS DATA
journal, January 2011


Galaxy Clustering in the Completed sdss Redshift Survey: the Dependence on Color and Luminosity
journal, July 2011


A survey of galaxy redshifts. V - The two-point position and velocity correlations
journal, April 1983

  • Davis, M.; Peebles, P. J. E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 267
  • DOI: 10.1086/160884

The Sdss-Iii Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Quasar Target Selection for data Release nine
journal, February 2012

  • Ross, Nicholas P.; Myers, Adam D.; Sheldon, Erin S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 199, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/199/1/3

GOODS-Herschel: the far-infrared view of star formation in active galactic nucleus host galaxies since z ≈ 3: GOODS-H: star formation in AGN host galaxies
journal, October 2011


How Many Galaxies Fit in a Halo? Constraints on Galaxy Formation Efficiency from Spatial Clustering
journal, January 2001

  • Scoccimarro, Roman; Sheth, Ravi K.; Hui, Lam
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 546, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/318261

The halo occupation distribution of black holes: HOD of black holes
journal, July 2011


The Luminosity Function of X‐Ray–selected Active Galactic Nuclei: Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes at High Redshift
journal, May 2008

  • Silverman, J. D.; Green, P. J.; Barkhouse, W. A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 679, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/529572

The Demography of Massive Dark Objects in Galaxy Centers
journal, June 1998

  • Magorrian, John; Tremaine, Scott; Richstone, Douglas
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 115, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1086/300353

Feedback from Central Black Holes in Elliptical Galaxies: Two-Dimensional Models Compared to One-Dimensional Models
journal, July 2011

  • Novak, Gregory S.; Ostriker, Jeremiah P.; Ciotti, Luca
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 737, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/737/1/26

A Relationship between Nuclear Black Hole Mass and Galaxy Velocity Dispersion
journal, August 2000

  • Gebhardt, Karl; Bender, Ralf; Bower, Gary
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 539, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/312840

Bias and variance of angular correlation functions
journal, July 1993

  • Landy, Stephen D.; Szalay, Alexander S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 412
  • DOI: 10.1086/172900

Theoretical Models of the Halo Occupation Distribution: Separating Central and Satellite Galaxies
journal, November 2005

  • Zheng, Zheng; Berlind, Andreas A.; Weinberg, David H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 633, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/466510

Clustering in real space and in redshift space
journal, July 1987

  • Kaiser, Nick
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 227, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/227.1.1

Statistics of the Distribution of Galaxies
journal, February 1980


The Sloan Digital sky Survey Quasar Catalog. v. Seventh data Release
journal, April 2010


First Measurement of the Clustering Evolution of Photometrically Classified Quasars
journal, February 2006

  • Myers, Adam D.; Brunner, Robert J.; Richards, Gordon T.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 638, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/499093

Constraints on the correlation between QSO luminosity and host halo mass from high-redshift quasar clustering
journal, November 2008


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Catalog of quasars from the Kilo-Degree Survey Data Release 3
    journal, April 2019


    UV background fluctuations and three-point correlations in the large-scale clustering of the Lyman α forest
    journal, June 2019

    • Tie, Suk Sien; Weinberg, David H.; Martini, Paul
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 487, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1632