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Title: Development of manganese-rich cathodes as alternatives to nickel-rich chemistries

Abstract

High-energy, inexpensive and safe electrochemistries have been the main goals of lithium-ion battery research for many years. Historically, manganese-based cathodes have long been studied for their attractive cost and safety characteristics [1]. However, due to issues related to both surface and bulk instabilities, manganese-rich electrodes have yet to find substantial success in the high-energy lithium-ion battery market. With current trends in cathode chemistries leaning heavily toward Ni-rich compositions, the factors of cost and safety are again at the forefront of research and development efforts. This paper reports the recent progress made at Argonne National Laboratory (USA) to stabilize manganese-rich cathode structures and surfaces with a specific focus on composite materials with intergrown layered and spinel components; it presents an overview of their electrochemical properties in terms of capacity, energy, and cycle-life in cells with metallic lithium, graphite, and Li 4Ti 5O 12 anodes. These layered-spinel cathodes show promise as alternatives to highly nickel-rich electrode compositions, which bodes well for continued advances.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1530196
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 434; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; cathode surface; layered spinel; lithium battery; manganese dissolution; manganese rich

Citation Formats

Croy, Jason R., Gutierrez, Arturo, He, Meinan, Yonemoto, Bryan T., Lee, Eungje, and Thackeray, Michael M. Development of manganese-rich cathodes as alternatives to nickel-rich chemistries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226706.
Croy, Jason R., Gutierrez, Arturo, He, Meinan, Yonemoto, Bryan T., Lee, Eungje, & Thackeray, Michael M. Development of manganese-rich cathodes as alternatives to nickel-rich chemistries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226706.
Croy, Jason R., Gutierrez, Arturo, He, Meinan, Yonemoto, Bryan T., Lee, Eungje, and Thackeray, Michael M. Wed . "Development of manganese-rich cathodes as alternatives to nickel-rich chemistries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226706.
@article{osti_1530196,
title = {Development of manganese-rich cathodes as alternatives to nickel-rich chemistries},
author = {Croy, Jason R. and Gutierrez, Arturo and He, Meinan and Yonemoto, Bryan T. and Lee, Eungje and Thackeray, Michael M.},
abstractNote = {High-energy, inexpensive and safe electrochemistries have been the main goals of lithium-ion battery research for many years. Historically, manganese-based cathodes have long been studied for their attractive cost and safety characteristics [1]. However, due to issues related to both surface and bulk instabilities, manganese-rich electrodes have yet to find substantial success in the high-energy lithium-ion battery market. With current trends in cathode chemistries leaning heavily toward Ni-rich compositions, the factors of cost and safety are again at the forefront of research and development efforts. This paper reports the recent progress made at Argonne National Laboratory (USA) to stabilize manganese-rich cathode structures and surfaces with a specific focus on composite materials with intergrown layered and spinel components; it presents an overview of their electrochemical properties in terms of capacity, energy, and cycle-life in cells with metallic lithium, graphite, and Li4Ti5O12 anodes. These layered-spinel cathodes show promise as alternatives to highly nickel-rich electrode compositions, which bodes well for continued advances.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226706},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 434,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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This content will become publicly available on June 12, 2020
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