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Title: Deviation from the dipole-ice model in the spinel spin-ice candidate MgEr 2 Se 4

Abstract

In spin-ice research, small variations in structure or interactions drive a multitude of different behaviors, yet the collection of known materials relies heavily on the “227” pyrochlore structure. Here, we present thermodynamic, structural, and inelastic-neutron-scattering data on a spin-ice material, MgEr2Se4, which contributes to the relatively underexplored family of rare-earth spinel chalcogenides. X-ray and neutron diffraction confirm a normal spinel structure and place Er3+ moments on an ideal pyrochlore sublattice. Measurement of crystal electric field excitations with inelastic neutron scattering confirms that the moments have perfect Ising character, and further identifies the ground-state Kramers doublet as having dipolar-octupolar form with a significant multipolar character. Heat capacity and magnetic neutron diffuse scattering have icelike features, but are inconsistent with Monte Carlo simulations of the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor dipolar spin-ice (DSI) models. A significant remnant entropy is observed as T → 0 K, but again falls short of the full Pauling expectation for DSI, unless significant disorder is added. We show that these observations are fully in line with what has been recently reported for CdEr2Se4, and point to the importance of quantum fluctuations in these materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS)
OSTI Identifier:
1530118
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1509504
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC05-06OR23100
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Reig-i-Plessis, D., Geldern, S. V., Aczel, Adam A., Kochkov, D., Clark, B. K., and MacDougall, Gregory J. Deviation from the dipole-ice model in the spinel spin-ice candidate MgEr2Se4. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.134438.
Reig-i-Plessis, D., Geldern, S. V., Aczel, Adam A., Kochkov, D., Clark, B. K., & MacDougall, Gregory J. Deviation from the dipole-ice model in the spinel spin-ice candidate MgEr2Se4. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.134438.
Reig-i-Plessis, D., Geldern, S. V., Aczel, Adam A., Kochkov, D., Clark, B. K., and MacDougall, Gregory J. Fri . "Deviation from the dipole-ice model in the spinel spin-ice candidate MgEr2Se4". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.134438. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1530118.
@article{osti_1530118,
title = {Deviation from the dipole-ice model in the spinel spin-ice candidate MgEr2Se4},
author = {Reig-i-Plessis, D. and Geldern, S. V. and Aczel, Adam A. and Kochkov, D. and Clark, B. K. and MacDougall, Gregory J.},
abstractNote = {In spin-ice research, small variations in structure or interactions drive a multitude of different behaviors, yet the collection of known materials relies heavily on the “227” pyrochlore structure. Here, we present thermodynamic, structural, and inelastic-neutron-scattering data on a spin-ice material, MgEr2Se4, which contributes to the relatively underexplored family of rare-earth spinel chalcogenides. X-ray and neutron diffraction confirm a normal spinel structure and place Er3+ moments on an ideal pyrochlore sublattice. Measurement of crystal electric field excitations with inelastic neutron scattering confirms that the moments have perfect Ising character, and further identifies the ground-state Kramers doublet as having dipolar-octupolar form with a significant multipolar character. Heat capacity and magnetic neutron diffuse scattering have icelike features, but are inconsistent with Monte Carlo simulations of the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor dipolar spin-ice (DSI) models. A significant remnant entropy is observed as T → 0 K, but again falls short of the full Pauling expectation for DSI, unless significant disorder is added. We show that these observations are fully in line with what has been recently reported for CdEr2Se4, and point to the importance of quantum fluctuations in these materials.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.99.134438},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 13,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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