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Title: Shattered pellet injection simulations with NIMROD

Abstract

Optimal strategies for disruption mitigation benefit from the understanding of details both spatially and temporally. Beyond the assessment of the efficacy of a particular proposed Disruption Mitigation System (DMS), ITER's longevity will require accounting of both mitigated and unmitigated disruptions. Accurate models and validated simulations that detail multiple ITER scenarios with mitigated and unmitigated disruptions are essential for accurate estimates of load damage. The primary candidate for ITER's DMS is Shattered Pellet Injection (SPI); its efficacy must be evaluated within the next several years. To perform critical time dependent 3-D nonlinear simulations, we have developed a particle based SPI model in the NIMROD code coupled to its modified single fluid equations with impurity and radiation [Izzo, Nucl. Fusion 46(5), 541 (2006)]. SPI validation simulations of the thermal quench and comparisons to DIII-D impurity scan experiments [Shiraki et al., Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 062516 (2016)] are presented. We also present an initial ITER Q = 10 pure neon SPI simulation and compare it with the DIII-D SPI simulations. NIMROD SPI simulations demonstrate that the ablating fragment drives strong parallel flows that transport the impurities and governs the thermal quench. Analysis of SPI simulations shows that the mixed deuterium/neon SPI results in amore » more benign thermal quench due to the enhanced transport caused by the additional deuterium. These results suggest that an optimal pellet mixture exists for the SPI system.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. SLS2 Consulting, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. ITER Organization, St. Paul Lez Durance (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1529932
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1508197
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-95ER54309; SC0016452; AC02- 05CH11231; FC02-04ER54698
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Kim, Charlson C., Liu, Yueqiang, Parks, Paul B., Lao, Lang L., Lehnen, Michael, and Loarte, Alberto. Shattered pellet injection simulations with NIMROD. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5088814.
Kim, Charlson C., Liu, Yueqiang, Parks, Paul B., Lao, Lang L., Lehnen, Michael, & Loarte, Alberto. Shattered pellet injection simulations with NIMROD. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5088814.
Kim, Charlson C., Liu, Yueqiang, Parks, Paul B., Lao, Lang L., Lehnen, Michael, and Loarte, Alberto. Mon . "Shattered pellet injection simulations with NIMROD". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5088814. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1529932.
@article{osti_1529932,
title = {Shattered pellet injection simulations with NIMROD},
author = {Kim, Charlson C. and Liu, Yueqiang and Parks, Paul B. and Lao, Lang L. and Lehnen, Michael and Loarte, Alberto},
abstractNote = {Optimal strategies for disruption mitigation benefit from the understanding of details both spatially and temporally. Beyond the assessment of the efficacy of a particular proposed Disruption Mitigation System (DMS), ITER's longevity will require accounting of both mitigated and unmitigated disruptions. Accurate models and validated simulations that detail multiple ITER scenarios with mitigated and unmitigated disruptions are essential for accurate estimates of load damage. The primary candidate for ITER's DMS is Shattered Pellet Injection (SPI); its efficacy must be evaluated within the next several years. To perform critical time dependent 3-D nonlinear simulations, we have developed a particle based SPI model in the NIMROD code coupled to its modified single fluid equations with impurity and radiation [Izzo, Nucl. Fusion 46(5), 541 (2006)]. SPI validation simulations of the thermal quench and comparisons to DIII-D impurity scan experiments [Shiraki et al., Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 062516 (2016)] are presented. We also present an initial ITER Q = 10 pure neon SPI simulation and compare it with the DIII-D SPI simulations. NIMROD SPI simulations demonstrate that the ablating fragment drives strong parallel flows that transport the impurities and governs the thermal quench. Analysis of SPI simulations shows that the mixed deuterium/neon SPI results in a more benign thermal quench due to the enhanced transport caused by the additional deuterium. These results suggest that an optimal pellet mixture exists for the SPI system.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5088814},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 4,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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