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Title: Preferred Orientation of Quartz in Metamorphic Rocks from the Bergell Alps

Abstract

Crystal preferred orientation of 47 samples of quartzite and eight samples of associated marbles from the Bergell Alps have been analyzed with time-of-flight neutron diffraction and EBSD. The results show a clear distinction of texture types for quartzites transformed from Triassic sandstones and quartz layers in gneiss. Textures of Triassic quartzites are overall weak and display a maximum of c-axes perpendicular to the foliation or a crossed girdle perpendicular to the lineation. Pole figures for positive rhombs {10 $$\bar{1}$$ 1} show a maximum perpendicular to the foliation and negative rhombs {01$$\bar{1}$$ 1} generally display a minimum. Based on polycrystal plasticity models this texture type can be attributed to a combination of basal and rhombohedral slip. Asymmetry of the distributions is attributed to simple shear and local strain heterogeneities. The relatively weak texture is partially caused by muscovite limiting dislocation motion and grain growth, as well as adjacent layers of marble that accommodate significant strain. Most quartz layers in gneiss, including mylonites, display a texture with a-axes parallel to the lineation and a c-axis maximum in the intermediate fabric direction. This texture type can be attributed to dominant prismatic slip. Many samples are recrystallized and recrystallization appears to strengthen the deformation texture. The study shows good agreement of neutron diffraction and EBSD. Neutron diffraction data average over larger volumes and maximum pole densities are generally lower and more representative for the bulk material. With EBSD the microstructure and mechanical twinning can be quantified.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Xi'an Polytechnic Univ. (China)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1529650
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1558971
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-22182
Journal ID: ISSN 2075-163X; MBSIBI
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; FG02-05ER15637
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Minerals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-163X
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Wenk, Hans-Rudolf, Yu, Rong, Vogel, Sven, and Vasin, Roman. Preferred Orientation of Quartz in Metamorphic Rocks from the Bergell Alps. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/min9050277.
Wenk, Hans-Rudolf, Yu, Rong, Vogel, Sven, & Vasin, Roman. Preferred Orientation of Quartz in Metamorphic Rocks from the Bergell Alps. United States. doi:10.3390/min9050277.
Wenk, Hans-Rudolf, Yu, Rong, Vogel, Sven, and Vasin, Roman. Sun . "Preferred Orientation of Quartz in Metamorphic Rocks from the Bergell Alps". United States. doi:10.3390/min9050277.
@article{osti_1529650,
title = {Preferred Orientation of Quartz in Metamorphic Rocks from the Bergell Alps},
author = {Wenk, Hans-Rudolf and Yu, Rong and Vogel, Sven and Vasin, Roman},
abstractNote = {Crystal preferred orientation of 47 samples of quartzite and eight samples of associated marbles from the Bergell Alps have been analyzed with time-of-flight neutron diffraction and EBSD. The results show a clear distinction of texture types for quartzites transformed from Triassic sandstones and quartz layers in gneiss. Textures of Triassic quartzites are overall weak and display a maximum of c-axes perpendicular to the foliation or a crossed girdle perpendicular to the lineation. Pole figures for positive rhombs {10 $\bar{1}$ 1} show a maximum perpendicular to the foliation and negative rhombs {01$\bar{1}$ 1} generally display a minimum. Based on polycrystal plasticity models this texture type can be attributed to a combination of basal and rhombohedral slip. Asymmetry of the distributions is attributed to simple shear and local strain heterogeneities. The relatively weak texture is partially caused by muscovite limiting dislocation motion and grain growth, as well as adjacent layers of marble that accommodate significant strain. Most quartz layers in gneiss, including mylonites, display a texture with a-axes parallel to the lineation and a c-axis maximum in the intermediate fabric direction. This texture type can be attributed to dominant prismatic slip. Many samples are recrystallized and recrystallization appears to strengthen the deformation texture. The study shows good agreement of neutron diffraction and EBSD. Neutron diffraction data average over larger volumes and maximum pole densities are generally lower and more representative for the bulk material. With EBSD the microstructure and mechanical twinning can be quantified.},
doi = {10.3390/min9050277},
journal = {Minerals},
number = 5,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.3390/min9050277

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