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Title: Experimental and theoretical studies on the elasticity of tungsten to 13 GPa

Abstract

Compressional (V_P) and shear wave (V_S) velocities of polycrystalline tungsten have been measured up to ~13 GPa at room temperature using ultrasonic interferometry in a multi-anvil apparatus. Using finite strain equation of state approaches, the elastic bulk and shear moduli and their pressure dependences are derived yielding $$K_{S0}$$= 325.9 ± 4.8 GPa, $$G_0$$ =164.1±2.5 GPa, $$K^{'}_{S0}$$ =3.65 ± 0.05 and $$G^{'}_0$$ =1.28 ± 0.02. On the basis of the current experimental data, the high-pressure behavior of Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio and ductility/brittleness for tungsten are also investigated. Complementary to the experimental data, the single crystal elastic constants, as well as the elastic anisotropy of tungsten are computed using density functional theory (DFT). The Voigt-Reuss-Hill average of the bulk and shear moduli calculated using the single crystal elastic constants from DFT are found comparable to the current experimental results within about 5%. Here, the present study offers a dataset for the elasticity of polycrystalline bcc tungsten to a maximum pressure more than 25-fold higher than other previous ultrasonic studies, which can further our understanding about the elastic, mechanical and electronic properties of tungsten under extreme conditions as well as thermodynamic modelling of its alloys.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [3]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Geosciences
  2. Mineral Physics Institute, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
  3. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Geosciences, and Mineral Physics Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Stony Brook, NY (United States). Research Foundation of SUNY
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1529600
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1464987
Grant/Contract Number:  
[NA0002907]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 7]; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Compressional and shear waves; ultrasonic interferometry; density functional theory; tungsten; elasticity

Citation Formats

Qi, Xintong, Cai, Nao, Chen, Ting, Wang, Siheng, and Li, Baosheng. Experimental and theoretical studies on the elasticity of tungsten to 13 GPa. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5044519.
Qi, Xintong, Cai, Nao, Chen, Ting, Wang, Siheng, & Li, Baosheng. Experimental and theoretical studies on the elasticity of tungsten to 13 GPa. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5044519.
Qi, Xintong, Cai, Nao, Chen, Ting, Wang, Siheng, and Li, Baosheng. Tue . "Experimental and theoretical studies on the elasticity of tungsten to 13 GPa". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5044519. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1529600.
@article{osti_1529600,
title = {Experimental and theoretical studies on the elasticity of tungsten to 13 GPa},
author = {Qi, Xintong and Cai, Nao and Chen, Ting and Wang, Siheng and Li, Baosheng},
abstractNote = {Compressional (V_P) and shear wave (V_S) velocities of polycrystalline tungsten have been measured up to ~13 GPa at room temperature using ultrasonic interferometry in a multi-anvil apparatus. Using finite strain equation of state approaches, the elastic bulk and shear moduli and their pressure dependences are derived yielding $K_{S0}$= 325.9 ± 4.8 GPa, $G_0$ =164.1±2.5 GPa, $K^{'}_{S0}$ =3.65 ± 0.05 and $G^{'}_0$ =1.28 ± 0.02. On the basis of the current experimental data, the high-pressure behavior of Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio and ductility/brittleness for tungsten are also investigated. Complementary to the experimental data, the single crystal elastic constants, as well as the elastic anisotropy of tungsten are computed using density functional theory (DFT). The Voigt-Reuss-Hill average of the bulk and shear moduli calculated using the single crystal elastic constants from DFT are found comparable to the current experimental results within about 5%. Here, the present study offers a dataset for the elasticity of polycrystalline bcc tungsten to a maximum pressure more than 25-fold higher than other previous ultrasonic studies, which can further our understanding about the elastic, mechanical and electronic properties of tungsten under extreme conditions as well as thermodynamic modelling of its alloys.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5044519},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = [7],
volume = [124],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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