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Title: Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems

Abstract

Digital image sensors in hemispherical geometries offer unique imaging advantages over their planar counterparts, such as wide field of view and low aberrations. Deforming miniature semiconductor-based sensors with high-spatial resolution into such format is challenging. Here we report a simple origami approach for fabricating single-crystalline silicon-based focal plane arrays and artificial compound eyes that have hemisphere-like structures. Convex isogonal polyhedral concepts allow certain combinations of polygons to fold into spherical formats. Using each polygon block as a sensor pixel, the silicon-based devices are shaped into maps of truncated icosahedron and fabricated on flexible sheets and further folded either into a concave or convex hemisphere. These two electronic eye prototypes represent simple and low-cost methods as well as flexible optimization parameters in terms of pixel density and design. Results demonstrated in this work combined with miniature size and simplicity of the design establish practical technology for integration with conventional electronic devices.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  2. Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering
  3. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Biomedical Engineering and Wisconsin Inst. for Discovery
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); Presidential Early Career Award in Science & Engineering (PECASE)
OSTI Identifier:
1529347
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1545609
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002915; FA9550-09-1-0482
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Zhang, Kan, Jung, Yei Hwan, Mikael, Solomon, Seo, Jung-Hun, Kim, Munho, Mi, Hongyi, Zhou, Han, Xia, Zhenyang, Zhou, Weidong, Gong, Shaoqin, and Ma, Zhenqiang. Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01926-1.
Zhang, Kan, Jung, Yei Hwan, Mikael, Solomon, Seo, Jung-Hun, Kim, Munho, Mi, Hongyi, Zhou, Han, Xia, Zhenyang, Zhou, Weidong, Gong, Shaoqin, & Ma, Zhenqiang. Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01926-1.
Zhang, Kan, Jung, Yei Hwan, Mikael, Solomon, Seo, Jung-Hun, Kim, Munho, Mi, Hongyi, Zhou, Han, Xia, Zhenyang, Zhou, Weidong, Gong, Shaoqin, and Ma, Zhenqiang. Fri . "Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01926-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1529347.
@article{osti_1529347,
title = {Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems},
author = {Zhang, Kan and Jung, Yei Hwan and Mikael, Solomon and Seo, Jung-Hun and Kim, Munho and Mi, Hongyi and Zhou, Han and Xia, Zhenyang and Zhou, Weidong and Gong, Shaoqin and Ma, Zhenqiang},
abstractNote = {Digital image sensors in hemispherical geometries offer unique imaging advantages over their planar counterparts, such as wide field of view and low aberrations. Deforming miniature semiconductor-based sensors with high-spatial resolution into such format is challenging. Here we report a simple origami approach for fabricating single-crystalline silicon-based focal plane arrays and artificial compound eyes that have hemisphere-like structures. Convex isogonal polyhedral concepts allow certain combinations of polygons to fold into spherical formats. Using each polygon block as a sensor pixel, the silicon-based devices are shaped into maps of truncated icosahedron and fabricated on flexible sheets and further folded either into a concave or convex hemisphere. These two electronic eye prototypes represent simple and low-cost methods as well as flexible optimization parameters in terms of pixel density and design. Results demonstrated in this work combined with miniature size and simplicity of the design establish practical technology for integration with conventional electronic devices.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-01926-1},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Cited by: 47 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Geometric origami of silicon optoelectronics for the hemispherical electronic eye. a Schematic illustration of the net of half truncated icosahedron being folded into a hemisphere. 676 polygon blocks consisting of pentagons and hexagons were mapped into a net of subdivided half truncated icosahedron which was then folded tomore » form a hemisphere. b A photograph of the half truncated icosahedron based on polygon blocks of metal-coated silicon nanomembranes printed on a flexible polyimide film. The completed net was folded into a convex hemisphere by inserting the net into a circular hole of a metal fixture. Scale bar, 1 mm. c Schematic illustration of the net of half truncated icosahedron based on silicon nanomembranes pressed into a hemispherical concave mold. d Schematic illustration of the net of half truncated icosahedron based on silicon nanomembranes covered on a hemispherical convex mold. e A photograph of a silicon optoelectronics-based hemispherical focal plane array formed using the concave mold-based origami approach shown in c. Inset image shows the flat focal plane array before folding. Scale bar, 2 mm. f A photograph of a silicon optoelectronics-based convex hemispherical eye camera formed using the convex mold-based origami approach shown in d. Inset image shows the flat eye camera before folding. Scale bar, 2mm« less

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