skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on July 9, 2020

Title: Dark matter search results from the complete exposure of the PICO-60 C 3 F 8 bubble chamber

Abstract

Final results are reported from operation of the PICO-60 C 3F 8 dark matter detector, a bubble chamber filled with 52 kg of C 3F 8 located in the SNOLAB underground laboratory. The chamber was operated at thermodynamic thresholds as low as 1.2 keV without loss of stability. A new blind 1404-kg-day exposure at 2.45 keV threshold was acquired with approximately the same expected total background rate as the previous 1167-kg-day exposure at 3.3 keV. This increased exposure is enabled in part by a new optical tracking analysis to better identify events near detector walls, permitting a larger fiducial volume. These results set the most stringent direct-detection constraint to date on the weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-proton spin-dependent cross section at $$3.2×10^{-41}$$ cm 2 for a 25 GeV WIMP, improving on previous PICO results for 3–5 GeV WIMPs by an order of magnitude.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
PICO Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1529344
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546455
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1902.04031; FERMILAB-PUB-19-073-AE-E
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1719421
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; SC-0012161; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Amole, C., Ardid, M., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Baxter, D., Behnke, E., Bressler, M., Broerman, B., Cao, G., Chen, C. J., Chowdhury, U., Clark, K., Collar, J. I., Cooper, P. S., Coutu, C. B., Cowles, C., Crisler, M., Crowder, G., Cruz-Venegas, N. A., Dahl, C. E., Das, M., Fallows, S., Farine, J., Felis, I., Filgas, R., Girard, F., Giroux, G., Hall, J., Hardy, C., Harris, O., Hillier, T., Hoppe, E. W., Jackson, C. M., Jin, M., Klopfenstein, L., Kozynets, T., Krauss, C. B., Laurin, M., Lawson, I., Leblanc, A., Levine, I., Licciardi, C., Lippincott, W. H., Loer, B., Mamedov, F., Mitra, P., Moore, C., Nania, T., Neilson, R., Noble, A. J., Oedekerk, P., Ortega, A., Piro, M. -C., Plante, A., Podviyanuk, R., Priya, S., Robinson, A. E., Sahoo, S., Scallon, O., Seth, S., Sonnenschein, A., Starinski, N., Štekl, I., Sullivan, T., Tardif, F., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Walkowski, N., Weima, E., Wichoski, U., Wierman, K., Yan, Y., Zacek, V., and Zhang, J. Dark matter search results from the complete exposure of the PICO-60 C3F8 bubble chamber. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.022001.
Amole, C., Ardid, M., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Baxter, D., Behnke, E., Bressler, M., Broerman, B., Cao, G., Chen, C. J., Chowdhury, U., Clark, K., Collar, J. I., Cooper, P. S., Coutu, C. B., Cowles, C., Crisler, M., Crowder, G., Cruz-Venegas, N. A., Dahl, C. E., Das, M., Fallows, S., Farine, J., Felis, I., Filgas, R., Girard, F., Giroux, G., Hall, J., Hardy, C., Harris, O., Hillier, T., Hoppe, E. W., Jackson, C. M., Jin, M., Klopfenstein, L., Kozynets, T., Krauss, C. B., Laurin, M., Lawson, I., Leblanc, A., Levine, I., Licciardi, C., Lippincott, W. H., Loer, B., Mamedov, F., Mitra, P., Moore, C., Nania, T., Neilson, R., Noble, A. J., Oedekerk, P., Ortega, A., Piro, M. -C., Plante, A., Podviyanuk, R., Priya, S., Robinson, A. E., Sahoo, S., Scallon, O., Seth, S., Sonnenschein, A., Starinski, N., Štekl, I., Sullivan, T., Tardif, F., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Walkowski, N., Weima, E., Wichoski, U., Wierman, K., Yan, Y., Zacek, V., & Zhang, J. Dark matter search results from the complete exposure of the PICO-60 C3F8 bubble chamber. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.022001.
Amole, C., Ardid, M., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Baxter, D., Behnke, E., Bressler, M., Broerman, B., Cao, G., Chen, C. J., Chowdhury, U., Clark, K., Collar, J. I., Cooper, P. S., Coutu, C. B., Cowles, C., Crisler, M., Crowder, G., Cruz-Venegas, N. A., Dahl, C. E., Das, M., Fallows, S., Farine, J., Felis, I., Filgas, R., Girard, F., Giroux, G., Hall, J., Hardy, C., Harris, O., Hillier, T., Hoppe, E. W., Jackson, C. M., Jin, M., Klopfenstein, L., Kozynets, T., Krauss, C. B., Laurin, M., Lawson, I., Leblanc, A., Levine, I., Licciardi, C., Lippincott, W. H., Loer, B., Mamedov, F., Mitra, P., Moore, C., Nania, T., Neilson, R., Noble, A. J., Oedekerk, P., Ortega, A., Piro, M. -C., Plante, A., Podviyanuk, R., Priya, S., Robinson, A. E., Sahoo, S., Scallon, O., Seth, S., Sonnenschein, A., Starinski, N., Štekl, I., Sullivan, T., Tardif, F., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Walkowski, N., Weima, E., Wichoski, U., Wierman, K., Yan, Y., Zacek, V., and Zhang, J. Tue . "Dark matter search results from the complete exposure of the PICO-60 C3F8 bubble chamber". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.022001.
@article{osti_1529344,
title = {Dark matter search results from the complete exposure of the PICO-60 C3F8 bubble chamber},
author = {Amole, C. and Ardid, M. and Arnquist, I. J. and Asner, D. M. and Baxter, D. and Behnke, E. and Bressler, M. and Broerman, B. and Cao, G. and Chen, C. J. and Chowdhury, U. and Clark, K. and Collar, J. I. and Cooper, P. S. and Coutu, C. B. and Cowles, C. and Crisler, M. and Crowder, G. and Cruz-Venegas, N. A. and Dahl, C. E. and Das, M. and Fallows, S. and Farine, J. and Felis, I. and Filgas, R. and Girard, F. and Giroux, G. and Hall, J. and Hardy, C. and Harris, O. and Hillier, T. and Hoppe, E. W. and Jackson, C. M. and Jin, M. and Klopfenstein, L. and Kozynets, T. and Krauss, C. B. and Laurin, M. and Lawson, I. and Leblanc, A. and Levine, I. and Licciardi, C. and Lippincott, W. H. and Loer, B. and Mamedov, F. and Mitra, P. and Moore, C. and Nania, T. and Neilson, R. and Noble, A. J. and Oedekerk, P. and Ortega, A. and Piro, M. -C. and Plante, A. and Podviyanuk, R. and Priya, S. and Robinson, A. E. and Sahoo, S. and Scallon, O. and Seth, S. and Sonnenschein, A. and Starinski, N. and Štekl, I. and Sullivan, T. and Tardif, F. and Vázquez-Jáuregui, E. and Walkowski, N. and Weima, E. and Wichoski, U. and Wierman, K. and Yan, Y. and Zacek, V. and Zhang, J.},
abstractNote = {Final results are reported from operation of the PICO-60 C3F8 dark matter detector, a bubble chamber filled with 52 kg of C3F8 located in the SNOLAB underground laboratory. The chamber was operated at thermodynamic thresholds as low as 1.2 keV without loss of stability. A new blind 1404-kg-day exposure at 2.45 keV threshold was acquired with approximately the same expected total background rate as the previous 1167-kg-day exposure at 3.3 keV. This increased exposure is enabled in part by a new optical tracking analysis to better identify events near detector walls, permitting a larger fiducial volume. These results set the most stringent direct-detection constraint to date on the weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-proton spin-dependent cross section at $3.2×10^{-41}$ cm2 for a 25 GeV WIMP, improving on previous PICO results for 3–5 GeV WIMPs by an order of magnitude.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.022001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 2,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on July 9, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 10 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Dark Matter Search Results from the PICO 60 C 3 F 8 Bubble Chamber
journal, June 2017


Dark Matter Results from First 98.7 Days of Data from the PandaX-II Experiment
journal, September 2016


Review of mathematics, numerical factors, and corrections for dark matter experiments based on elastic nuclear recoil
journal, December 1996


The effective field theory of dark matter direct detection
journal, February 2013

  • Fitzpatrick, A. Liam; Haxton, Wick; Katz, Emanuel
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/02/004

Final results of the PICASSO dark matter search experiment
journal, April 2017


Results on light dark matter particles with a low-threshold CRESST-II detector
journal, January 2016


New libraries for simulating neutron scattering in dark matter detector calibrations
journal, March 2014


The SIMPLE Phase II dark matter search
journal, April 2014


Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2014


Discrimination of nuclear recoils from alpha particles with superheated liquids
journal, October 2008


Limits on dark matter annihilation in the sun using the ANTARES neutrino telescope
journal, August 2016


Spin-Dependent Weakly-Interacting-Massive-Particle–Nucleon Cross Section Limits from First Data of PandaX-II Experiment
journal, February 2017


Dark Matter Search Results from a One Ton-Year Exposure of XENON1T
journal, September 2018


New Results from the Search for Low-Mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles with the CDMS Low Ionization Threshold Experiment
journal, February 2016


Effect of nuclear response functions in dark matter direct detection
journal, June 2014


A search for Secluded Dark Matter in the Sun with the ANTARES neutrino telescope
journal, May 2016

  • Adrián-Martínez, S.; Albert, A.; André, M.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 05
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/016

Weakly interacting massive particle-nucleus elastic scattering response
journal, June 2014


Supersymmetric dark matter
journal, March 1996


Results on the Spin-Dependent Scattering of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles on Nucleons from the Run 3 Data of the LUX Experiment
journal, April 2016


First Results from the DEAP-3600 Dark Matter Search with Argon at SNOLAB
journal, August 2018


Dark Matter Search Results from the PICO-2L C 3 F 8 Bubble Chamber
journal, June 2015


emcee : The MCMC Hammer
journal, March 2013

  • Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Hogg, David W.; Lang, Dustin
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 125, Issue 925
  • DOI: 10.1086/670067

Search for annihilating dark matter in the Sun with 3 years of IceCube data: IceCube Collaboration
journal, March 2017


Improved dark matter search results from PICO-2L Run 2
journal, March 2016


Geant4 developments and applications
journal, February 2006

  • Allison, J.; Amako, K.; Apostolakis, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2006.869826

Dark matter search results from the PICO-60 CF 3 I bubble chamber
journal, March 2016


MCNP-PoliMi: a Monte-Carlo code for correlation measurements
journal, November 2003

  • Pozzi, Sara A.; Padovani, Enrico; Marseguerra, Marzio
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 513, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2003.06.012

Search for Low-Mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles with SuperCDMS
journal, June 2014


Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment
journal, August 2018


Results from a Search for Dark Matter in the Complete LUX Exposure
journal, January 2017


An Indirect Search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles in the sun Using 3109.6 days of Upward-Going Muons in Super-Kamiokande
journal, November 2011


Surface tension of perfluoropropane, perfluoro-n-butane, perfluoro-n-hexane, perfluoro-octane, perfluorotributylamine and n-pentane. Application of the principle of corresponding states to the surface tension of perfluoroalkanes
journal, January 1982

  • McLure, Ian A.; Soares, Virgílio A. M.; Edmonds, Beryl
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases, Vol. 78, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/f19827802251

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Asymptotic formulae for likelihood-based tests of new physics
journal, February 2011


Detectability of certain dark-matter candidates
journal, June 1985


Improved WIMP-search reach of the CDMS II germanium data
journal, October 2015


FIVE-YEAR WILKINSON MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE OBSERVATIONS: COSMOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION
journal, February 2009

  • Komatsu, E.; Dunkley, J.; Nolta, M. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 180, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/180/2/330

First Demonstration of a Scintillating Xenon Bubble Chamber for Detecting Dark Matter and Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering
journal, June 2017


Improved EDELWEISS-III sensitivity for low-mass WIMPs using a profile likelihood approach
journal, October 2016


Identifying the theory of dark matter with direct detection
journal, December 2015

  • Gluscevic, Vera; Gresham, Moira I.; McDermott, Samuel D.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/057

XENON100 dark matter results from a combination of 477 live days
journal, December 2016


Constraining the Spin-Dependent WIMP-Nucleon Cross Sections with XENON1T
journal, April 2019


Search for Neutrinos from Annihilation of Captured Low-Mass Dark Matter Particles in the Sun by Super-Kamiokande
journal, April 2015