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Title: From ICF to laboratory astrophysics: ablative and classical Rayleigh-Taylor Instability experiments in turbulent-like regimes

Abstract

Rayleigh–Taylor instability (RTI) occurs whenever fluids of different densities are accelerated against the density gradient, as is the case for the target ablator in ICF implosions. The advent of megajoule class lasers, like the National Ignition Facility (NIF) or Laser Mégajoule, offers novel opportunities to study turbulent mixing flows in high energy density plasmas for fundamental hydrodynamics or laboratory astrophysics experiments. Here, we review different RTI experiments, performed either at the ablation front or at a classical embedded interface. A two-dimensional bubble-merger, bubble-competition regime was evidenced for the first time at the ablation front in indirect-drive on the NIF thanks to an unprecedented long x-ray drive. Similarly, a novel large-area, planar platform enables the capabilities to perform long duration direct drive hydrodynamics experiments on NIF. Starting from imprinted seeds, a three-dimensional bubble-merger regime was also observed in direct-drive, as larger bubbles overtook and merged with smaller bubbles. In the astrophysical context, RTI also plays a role in supernova (SN) explosions, either of Type Ia or II. We report on experiments performed on the LULI2000 facility studying RTI in scaled laboratory conditions relevant for the physics of young SN remnants. Finally, using a light CH foam as a deceleration medium, wemore » measured, for the first time, the RTI mixing zone by PW transverse radiography.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [3];  [3];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [8];  [1];  [9] more »;  [10];  [7];  [4];  [4];  [3] « less
  1. Univ. de Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, Talence (France)
  2. Univ. de Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, Talence (France); Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Arpajon (France)
  3. Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  5. Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan)
  6. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  7. Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Arpajon (France)
  8. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
  9. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  10. Inst. of research into the fundamental laws of the Universe (IRFU) - CEA -DRF (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1529186
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-778781
Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515; 971689
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Casner, A., Mailliet, C., Rigon, G., Khan, S. F., Martinez, D., Albertazzi, B., Michel, T., Sano, T., Sakawa, Y., Tzeferacos, P., Lamb, D., Liberatore, S., Izumi, N., Kalantar, D., Di Nicola, P., Di Nicola, J. M., Le Bel, E., Igumenshchev, I., Tikhonchuk, V., Remington, B. A., Ballet, J., Falize, E., Masse, L., Smalyuk, V. A., and Koenig, M. From ICF to laboratory astrophysics: ablative and classical Rayleigh-Taylor Instability experiments in turbulent-like regimes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aae598.
Casner, A., Mailliet, C., Rigon, G., Khan, S. F., Martinez, D., Albertazzi, B., Michel, T., Sano, T., Sakawa, Y., Tzeferacos, P., Lamb, D., Liberatore, S., Izumi, N., Kalantar, D., Di Nicola, P., Di Nicola, J. M., Le Bel, E., Igumenshchev, I., Tikhonchuk, V., Remington, B. A., Ballet, J., Falize, E., Masse, L., Smalyuk, V. A., & Koenig, M. From ICF to laboratory astrophysics: ablative and classical Rayleigh-Taylor Instability experiments in turbulent-like regimes. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aae598.
Casner, A., Mailliet, C., Rigon, G., Khan, S. F., Martinez, D., Albertazzi, B., Michel, T., Sano, T., Sakawa, Y., Tzeferacos, P., Lamb, D., Liberatore, S., Izumi, N., Kalantar, D., Di Nicola, P., Di Nicola, J. M., Le Bel, E., Igumenshchev, I., Tikhonchuk, V., Remington, B. A., Ballet, J., Falize, E., Masse, L., Smalyuk, V. A., and Koenig, M. Tue . "From ICF to laboratory astrophysics: ablative and classical Rayleigh-Taylor Instability experiments in turbulent-like regimes". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aae598. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1529186.
@article{osti_1529186,
title = {From ICF to laboratory astrophysics: ablative and classical Rayleigh-Taylor Instability experiments in turbulent-like regimes},
author = {Casner, A. and Mailliet, C. and Rigon, G. and Khan, S. F. and Martinez, D. and Albertazzi, B. and Michel, T. and Sano, T. and Sakawa, Y. and Tzeferacos, P. and Lamb, D. and Liberatore, S. and Izumi, N. and Kalantar, D. and Di Nicola, P. and Di Nicola, J. M. and Le Bel, E. and Igumenshchev, I. and Tikhonchuk, V. and Remington, B. A. and Ballet, J. and Falize, E. and Masse, L. and Smalyuk, V. A. and Koenig, M.},
abstractNote = {Rayleigh–Taylor instability (RTI) occurs whenever fluids of different densities are accelerated against the density gradient, as is the case for the target ablator in ICF implosions. The advent of megajoule class lasers, like the National Ignition Facility (NIF) or Laser Mégajoule, offers novel opportunities to study turbulent mixing flows in high energy density plasmas for fundamental hydrodynamics or laboratory astrophysics experiments. Here, we review different RTI experiments, performed either at the ablation front or at a classical embedded interface. A two-dimensional bubble-merger, bubble-competition regime was evidenced for the first time at the ablation front in indirect-drive on the NIF thanks to an unprecedented long x-ray drive. Similarly, a novel large-area, planar platform enables the capabilities to perform long duration direct drive hydrodynamics experiments on NIF. Starting from imprinted seeds, a three-dimensional bubble-merger regime was also observed in direct-drive, as larger bubbles overtook and merged with smaller bubbles. In the astrophysical context, RTI also plays a role in supernova (SN) explosions, either of Type Ia or II. We report on experiments performed on the LULI2000 facility studying RTI in scaled laboratory conditions relevant for the physics of young SN remnants. Finally, using a light CH foam as a deceleration medium, we measured, for the first time, the RTI mixing zone by PW transverse radiography.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aae598},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 3,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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