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Title: A Modified Johnson–Cook Model for Dynamic Response of Metals with an Explicit Strain- and Strain-Rate-Dependent Adiabatic Thermosoftening Effect

Abstract

Metallic alloys are extensively utilized in applications where extreme loading and environmental conditions occur and engineering reliability of components or structures made of such materials is a significant concern in applications. Adiabatic heating in these materials during high-rate deformation is of great interest to analysts, experimentalists, and modelers due to a reduction in strength that is produced. Capturing the thermosoftening caused by adiabatic heating is critical in material model development to precisely predict the dynamic response of materials and structures at high rates of loading. In addition to strain rate effect, the Johnson–Cook (JC) model includes a term to describe the effect of either environmental or adiabatic temperature rise. The standard expression of the JC model requires quantitative knowledge of temperature rise, but it can be challenging to obtain in situ temperature measurements, especially in dynamic experiments. The temperature rise can be calculated from plastic work with a predetermined Taylor-Quinney (TQ) coefficient. Yet, the TQ coefficient is difficult to determine since it may be strain and strain-rate dependent. Here, we modified the JC model with a power-law strain rate effect and an explicit form of strain- and strain-rate-dependent thermosoftening due to adiabatic temperature rise to describe the strain-rate-dependent tensile stress–strainmore » response, prior to the onset of necking, for 304L stainless steel, A572, and 4140 steels. The modified JC model was also used to describe the true stress–strain response during necking for A572 and 4140 steels at various strain rates. The results predicted with the modified JC model agreed with the tensile experimental data reasonably well.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1529151
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-3194J
Journal ID: ISSN 2199-7446; 673657
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2199-7446
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Johnson-Cook model; strain rate; thermosoftening; Taylor-Quinney coefficient; stress-strain

Citation Formats

Song, B., and Sanborn, B. A Modified Johnson–Cook Model for Dynamic Response of Metals with an Explicit Strain- and Strain-Rate-Dependent Adiabatic Thermosoftening Effect. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s40870-019-00203-0.
Song, B., & Sanborn, B. A Modified Johnson–Cook Model for Dynamic Response of Metals with an Explicit Strain- and Strain-Rate-Dependent Adiabatic Thermosoftening Effect. United States. doi:10.1007/s40870-019-00203-0.
Song, B., and Sanborn, B. Mon . "A Modified Johnson–Cook Model for Dynamic Response of Metals with an Explicit Strain- and Strain-Rate-Dependent Adiabatic Thermosoftening Effect". United States. doi:10.1007/s40870-019-00203-0.
@article{osti_1529151,
title = {A Modified Johnson–Cook Model for Dynamic Response of Metals with an Explicit Strain- and Strain-Rate-Dependent Adiabatic Thermosoftening Effect},
author = {Song, B. and Sanborn, B.},
abstractNote = {Metallic alloys are extensively utilized in applications where extreme loading and environmental conditions occur and engineering reliability of components or structures made of such materials is a significant concern in applications. Adiabatic heating in these materials during high-rate deformation is of great interest to analysts, experimentalists, and modelers due to a reduction in strength that is produced. Capturing the thermosoftening caused by adiabatic heating is critical in material model development to precisely predict the dynamic response of materials and structures at high rates of loading. In addition to strain rate effect, the Johnson–Cook (JC) model includes a term to describe the effect of either environmental or adiabatic temperature rise. The standard expression of the JC model requires quantitative knowledge of temperature rise, but it can be challenging to obtain in situ temperature measurements, especially in dynamic experiments. The temperature rise can be calculated from plastic work with a predetermined Taylor-Quinney (TQ) coefficient. Yet, the TQ coefficient is difficult to determine since it may be strain and strain-rate dependent. Here, we modified the JC model with a power-law strain rate effect and an explicit form of strain- and strain-rate-dependent thermosoftening due to adiabatic temperature rise to describe the strain-rate-dependent tensile stress–strain response, prior to the onset of necking, for 304L stainless steel, A572, and 4140 steels. The modified JC model was also used to describe the true stress–strain response during necking for A572 and 4140 steels at various strain rates. The results predicted with the modified JC model agreed with the tensile experimental data reasonably well.},
doi = {10.1007/s40870-019-00203-0},
journal = {Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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