skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on May 8, 2020

Title: Three-dimensional quantum Hall effect and metal–insulator transition in ZrTe 5

Abstract

The discovery of the quantum Hall effect (QHE) in two-dimensional electronic systems has given topology a central role in condensed matter physics. Although the possibility of generalizing the QHE to three-dimensional (3D) electronic systems was proposed decades ago, it has not been demonstrated experimentally. Here we report the experimental realization of the 3D QHE in bulk zirconium pentatelluride (ZrTe 5) crystals. We perform low-temperature electric-transport measurements on bulk ZrTe 5 crystals under a magnetic field and achieve the extreme quantum limit, where only the lowest Landau level is occupied, at relatively low magnetic fields. In this regime, we observe a dissipationless longitudinal resistivity close to zero, accompanied by a well-developed Hall resistivity plateau proportional to half of the Fermi wavelength along the field direction. This response is the signature of the 3D QHE and strongly suggests a Fermi surface instability driven by enhanced interaction effects in the extreme quantum limit. By further increasing the magnetic field, both the longitudinal and Hall resistivity increase considerably and display a metal–insulator transition, which represents another magnetic-field-driven quantum phase transition. Lastly, our findings provide experimental evidence of the 3D QHE and a promising platform for further exploration of exotic quantum phases and transitions inmore » 3D systems.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. Southern Univ. of Science and Technology, Shenzhen (China)
  2. Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Singapore Univ. of Technology and Design (Singapore)
  5. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
  6. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1529075
Report Number(s):
BNL-211782-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 569; Journal Issue: 7757; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Tang, Fangdong, Ren, Yafei, Wang, Peipei, Zhong, Ruidan, Schneeloch, John, Yang, Shengyuan A., Yang, Kun, Lee, Patrick A., Gu, Genda, Qiao, Zhenhua, and Zhang, Liyuan. Three-dimensional quantum Hall effect and metal–insulator transition in ZrTe5. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1180-9.
Tang, Fangdong, Ren, Yafei, Wang, Peipei, Zhong, Ruidan, Schneeloch, John, Yang, Shengyuan A., Yang, Kun, Lee, Patrick A., Gu, Genda, Qiao, Zhenhua, & Zhang, Liyuan. Three-dimensional quantum Hall effect and metal–insulator transition in ZrTe5. United States. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1180-9.
Tang, Fangdong, Ren, Yafei, Wang, Peipei, Zhong, Ruidan, Schneeloch, John, Yang, Shengyuan A., Yang, Kun, Lee, Patrick A., Gu, Genda, Qiao, Zhenhua, and Zhang, Liyuan. Wed . "Three-dimensional quantum Hall effect and metal–insulator transition in ZrTe5". United States. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1180-9.
@article{osti_1529075,
title = {Three-dimensional quantum Hall effect and metal–insulator transition in ZrTe5},
author = {Tang, Fangdong and Ren, Yafei and Wang, Peipei and Zhong, Ruidan and Schneeloch, John and Yang, Shengyuan A. and Yang, Kun and Lee, Patrick A. and Gu, Genda and Qiao, Zhenhua and Zhang, Liyuan},
abstractNote = {The discovery of the quantum Hall effect (QHE) in two-dimensional electronic systems has given topology a central role in condensed matter physics. Although the possibility of generalizing the QHE to three-dimensional (3D) electronic systems was proposed decades ago, it has not been demonstrated experimentally. Here we report the experimental realization of the 3D QHE in bulk zirconium pentatelluride (ZrTe5) crystals. We perform low-temperature electric-transport measurements on bulk ZrTe5 crystals under a magnetic field and achieve the extreme quantum limit, where only the lowest Landau level is occupied, at relatively low magnetic fields. In this regime, we observe a dissipationless longitudinal resistivity close to zero, accompanied by a well-developed Hall resistivity plateau proportional to half of the Fermi wavelength along the field direction. This response is the signature of the 3D QHE and strongly suggests a Fermi surface instability driven by enhanced interaction effects in the extreme quantum limit. By further increasing the magnetic field, both the longitudinal and Hall resistivity increase considerably and display a metal–insulator transition, which represents another magnetic-field-driven quantum phase transition. Lastly, our findings provide experimental evidence of the 3D QHE and a promising platform for further exploration of exotic quantum phases and transitions in 3D systems.},
doi = {10.1038/s41586-019-1180-9},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = 7757,
volume = 569,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on May 8, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

New Method for High-Accuracy Determination of the Fine-Structure Constant Based on Quantized Hall Resistance
journal, August 1980


Two-Dimensional Magnetotransport in the Extreme Quantum Limit
journal, May 1982


Possible States for a Three-Dimensional Electron Gas in a Strong Magnetic Field
journal, January 1987


Diophantine equation for the three-dimensional quantum Hall effect
journal, June 1992


Theory of the Three-Dimensional Quantum Hall Effect in Graphite
journal, October 2007


Quantization of the Hall effect in an anisotropic three-dimensional electronic system
journal, January 1986

  • Störmer, H. L.; Eisenstein, J. P.; Gossard, A. C.
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 56, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.85

Quantum Hall effect in a bulk crystal
journal, October 1989


Quantized Hall effect and a new field-induced phase transition in the organic superconductor (TMTSF ) 2 PF 6
journal, October 1989


Bulk quantum Hall effect in η Mo 4 O 11
journal, October 1998


Quantized Hall Effect and Shubnikov–de Haas Oscillations in Highly Doped Bi 2 Se 3 : Evidence for Layered Transport of Bulk Carriers
journal, May 2012


Quantum Hall effect in a bulk antiferromagnet EuMnBi 2 with magnetically confined two-dimensional Dirac fermions
journal, January 2016

  • Masuda, Hidetoshi; Sakai, Hideaki; Tokunaga, Masashi
  • Science Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501117

Thermoelectric power of HfTe5 and ZrTe5
journal, June 1982


Chiral magnetic effect in ZrTe5
journal, February 2016

  • Li, Qiang; Kharzeev, Dmitri E.; Zhang, Cheng
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3648

Anomalous Hall effect in ZrTe5
journal, March 2018


Zeeman splitting and dynamical mass generation in Dirac semimetal ZrTe5
journal, August 2016

  • Liu, Yanwen; Yuan, Xiang; Zhang, Cheng
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12516

Transport evidence for the three-dimensional Dirac semimetal phase in ZrT e 5
journal, March 2016


Electronic evidence of temperature-induced Lifshitz transition and topological nature in ZrTe5
journal, May 2017

  • Zhang, Yan; Wang, Chenlu; Yu, Li
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15512

Peierls instability in degenerate semiconductors under strong external magnetic fields
journal, January 1984


Strong-magnetic-field states of the pure electron plasma
journal, February 1987


Magnetoinfrared Spectroscopy of Landau Levels and Zeeman Splitting of Three-Dimensional Massless Dirac Fermions in ZrTe 5
journal, October 2015


Charge-density waves and superlattices in the metallic layered transition metal dichalcogenides
journal, March 1975


Electric field depinning of charge density waves
journal, April 1979


Electric Field Breakdown of Charge-Density-Wave—Induced Anomalies in Nb Se 3
journal, September 1976


Observation of a Magnetically Induced Wigner Solid
journal, June 1988


Transport of a sliding Wigner crystal in the four flux composite fermion regime
journal, August 2015


Wigner crystals in the lowest Landau level at low-filling factors
journal, August 2001


Electron correlation and disorder in Hg 1 x Cd x Te in a magnetic field
journal, July 1988


Magnetic-field-induced localization in narrow-gap semiconductors Hg 1 x Cd x Te and InSb
journal, September 1988