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Title: Surfactant selection as a strategy for tailoring the structure and properties of UCT manganese oxides

Abstract

Mesoporous manganese oxides were synthesized using the UCT inverse micelle templating method with four different Pluronic surfactants to investigate the effects on the morphology, microstructure and desulfurization behavior of these materials. All of the as-synthesized samples exhibited similar hierarchical microstructures, but the size and shape of the primary nanoparticles for each sample was different. The primary nanoparticle sizes for these samples vary between 2.3 and 7.0 nm. Most of the samples are crystalline and are composed of a mixture of Mn3O4 and Mn5O8 phases. The adsorption behavior of these samples was tested using a fixed bed reactor at a temperature of 200 °C. Microstructural analysis of the samples after the desulfurization tests revealed a transformation of the mesoporous manganese oxide to a dense manganese sulfide phase; this involves a volumetric expansion of the crystal, leading to densification and a rapid decay in the sorption capacity after the breakthrough point. The variation in the structure and properties of these materials is related to ratio of the PEO and PPO chain segment lengths in the Pluronic surfactants used. This indicates that the ratio must dictate the volume, shape and assembly of the inverse micelles in the UCT synthesis.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1529015
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1598197
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-86ER13622; DMR-0520547; 654000
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Materials & Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Materials & Design Journal Volume: 180 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0264-1275
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Deljoo, B., Jafari, T., Miao, R., Nieh, M. -P., Suib, S. L., and Aindow, M. Surfactant selection as a strategy for tailoring the structure and properties of UCT manganese oxides. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107902.
Deljoo, B., Jafari, T., Miao, R., Nieh, M. -P., Suib, S. L., & Aindow, M. Surfactant selection as a strategy for tailoring the structure and properties of UCT manganese oxides. United Kingdom. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107902
Deljoo, B., Jafari, T., Miao, R., Nieh, M. -P., Suib, S. L., and Aindow, M. Thu . "Surfactant selection as a strategy for tailoring the structure and properties of UCT manganese oxides". United Kingdom. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107902.
@article{osti_1529015,
title = {Surfactant selection as a strategy for tailoring the structure and properties of UCT manganese oxides},
author = {Deljoo, B. and Jafari, T. and Miao, R. and Nieh, M. -P. and Suib, S. L. and Aindow, M.},
abstractNote = {Mesoporous manganese oxides were synthesized using the UCT inverse micelle templating method with four different Pluronic surfactants to investigate the effects on the morphology, microstructure and desulfurization behavior of these materials. All of the as-synthesized samples exhibited similar hierarchical microstructures, but the size and shape of the primary nanoparticles for each sample was different. The primary nanoparticle sizes for these samples vary between 2.3 and 7.0 nm. Most of the samples are crystalline and are composed of a mixture of Mn3O4 and Mn5O8 phases. The adsorption behavior of these samples was tested using a fixed bed reactor at a temperature of 200 °C. Microstructural analysis of the samples after the desulfurization tests revealed a transformation of the mesoporous manganese oxide to a dense manganese sulfide phase; this involves a volumetric expansion of the crystal, leading to densification and a rapid decay in the sorption capacity after the breakthrough point. The variation in the structure and properties of these materials is related to ratio of the PEO and PPO chain segment lengths in the Pluronic surfactants used. This indicates that the ratio must dictate the volume, shape and assembly of the inverse micelles in the UCT synthesis.},
doi = {10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107902},
journal = {Materials & Design},
number = C,
volume = 180,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107902

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