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Title: ATLAS probe: Breakthrough science of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System

Abstract

Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe is a concept for a National Aeronautics and Space Administration probe-class space mission that will achieve ground-breaking science in the fields of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System. It is the follow-up space mission to Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST), boosting its scientific return by obtaining deep 1–4 μm slit spectroscopy for ~70% of all galaxies imaged by the ~2 000 deg 2 WFIRST High Latitude Survey at z > 0.5. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy will measure accurate and precise redshifts for ~200 M galaxies out to z < 7, and deliver spectra that enable a wide range of diagnostic studies of the physical properties of galaxies over most of cosmic history. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe and WFIRST together will produce a 3D map of the Universe over 2 000 deg 2, the definitive data sets for studying galaxy evolution, probing dark matter, dark energy and modifications of General Relativity, and quantifying the 3D structure and stellar content of the Milky Way. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe science spans four broad categories: (1) Revolutionising galaxy evolution studies by tracing the relation betweenmore » galaxies and dark matter from galaxy groups to cosmic voids and filaments, from the epoch of reionisation through the peak era of galaxy assembly; (2) Opening a new window into the dark Universe by weighing the dark matter filaments using 3D weak lensing with spectroscopic redshifts, and obtaining definitive measurements of dark energy and modification of General Relativity using galaxy clustering; (3) Probing the Milky Way’s dust-enshrouded regions, reaching the far side of our Galaxy; and (4) Exploring the formation history of the outer Solar System by characterising Kuiper Belt Objects. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe is a 1.5 m telescope with a field of view of 0.4 deg 2, and uses digital micro-mirror devices as slit selectors. It has a spectroscopic resolution of R = 1 000, and a wavelength range of 1–4 μm. The lack of slit spectroscopy from space over a wide field of view is the obvious gap in current and planned future space missions; Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy fills this big gap with an unprecedented spectroscopic capability based on digital micro-mirror devices (with an estimated spectroscopic multiplex factor greater than 5 000). Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy is designed to fit within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration probe-class space mission cost envelope; it has a single instrument, a telescope aperture that allows for a lighter launch vehicle, and mature technology (we have identified a path for digital micro-mirror devices to reach Technology Readiness Level 6 within 2 yr). In conclusion, Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe will lead to transformative science over the entire range of astrophysics: from galaxy evolution to the dark Universe, from Solar System objects to the dusty regions of the Milky Way« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [1];  [14];  [11];  [15];  [16];  [17] more »;  [18];  [19];  [1];  [20];  [21];  [18];  [18];  [22];  [1];  [23];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [18];  [23];  [18];  [27];  [17];  [28];  [29] « less
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Space Telescope Science Inst., Baltimore, MD (United States); Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  3. National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), Tuscon, AZ (United States)
  4. Queen’s Univ. Belfast, Belfast (United States)
  5. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  6. Leiden Univ., Leiden (The Netherlands); Univ. do Porto, Porto (Portugal)
  7. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  8. Alma Mater Studiorum Univ. of Bologna, Bologna (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Firenze (Italy)
  9. Macquarie Univ., NSW (Australia)
  10. Univ. Paris Diderot, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  11. Space Telescope Science Inst., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  12. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  13. Univ. of Waterloo, ON (Canada)
  14. Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón, Teruel (Spain)
  15. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  16. Univ. of the Western Cape, Cape Town (South Africa); Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Bologna (Italy)
  17. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  18. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab. (JPL)
  19. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  20. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  21. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  22. Swinburne Univ. of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC (Australia)
  23. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  24. Univ. of Bologna, Bologna (Italy)
  25. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  26. Rochester Inst. of Technology, Rochester, NY (United States)
  27. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
  28. Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). The Niels Bohr Inst.
  29. Stanford Univ., CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1528920
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; SC0007914; NNX14AI62G; 15-WFIRST15-0008; ASI n.2018-23-HH.0; ASI n.I/023/12/0; PRIN MIUR 2015
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 36; Journal ID: ISSN 1323-3580
Publisher:
CSIRO
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Wang, Yun, Robberto, Massimo, Dickinson, Mark, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Fraser, Wesley, Behroozi, Peter, Brinchmann, Jarle, Chuang, Chia-Hsun, Cimatti, Andrea, Content, Robert, Daddi, Emanuele, Ferguson, Henry C., Hirata, Christopher, Hudson, Michael J., Kirkpatrick, J. Davy, Orsi, Alvaro, Ryan, Russell, Shapley, Alice, Ballardini, Mario, Barkhouser, Robert, Bartlett, James, Benjamin, Robert, Chary, Ranga, Conroy, Charlie, Donahue, Megan, Doré, Olivier, Eisenhardt, Peter, Glazebrook, Karl, Helou, George, Malhotra, Sangeeta, Moscardini, Lauro, Newman, Jeffrey A., Ninkov, Zoran, Ressler, Michael, Rhoads, James, Rhodes, Jason, Scolnic, Daniel, Smee, Stephen, Valentino, Francesco, and Wechsler, Risa H. ATLAS probe: Breakthrough science of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1017/pasa.2019.5.
Wang, Yun, Robberto, Massimo, Dickinson, Mark, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Fraser, Wesley, Behroozi, Peter, Brinchmann, Jarle, Chuang, Chia-Hsun, Cimatti, Andrea, Content, Robert, Daddi, Emanuele, Ferguson, Henry C., Hirata, Christopher, Hudson, Michael J., Kirkpatrick, J. Davy, Orsi, Alvaro, Ryan, Russell, Shapley, Alice, Ballardini, Mario, Barkhouser, Robert, Bartlett, James, Benjamin, Robert, Chary, Ranga, Conroy, Charlie, Donahue, Megan, Doré, Olivier, Eisenhardt, Peter, Glazebrook, Karl, Helou, George, Malhotra, Sangeeta, Moscardini, Lauro, Newman, Jeffrey A., Ninkov, Zoran, Ressler, Michael, Rhoads, James, Rhodes, Jason, Scolnic, Daniel, Smee, Stephen, Valentino, Francesco, & Wechsler, Risa H. ATLAS probe: Breakthrough science of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System. United States. doi:10.1017/pasa.2019.5.
Wang, Yun, Robberto, Massimo, Dickinson, Mark, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Fraser, Wesley, Behroozi, Peter, Brinchmann, Jarle, Chuang, Chia-Hsun, Cimatti, Andrea, Content, Robert, Daddi, Emanuele, Ferguson, Henry C., Hirata, Christopher, Hudson, Michael J., Kirkpatrick, J. Davy, Orsi, Alvaro, Ryan, Russell, Shapley, Alice, Ballardini, Mario, Barkhouser, Robert, Bartlett, James, Benjamin, Robert, Chary, Ranga, Conroy, Charlie, Donahue, Megan, Doré, Olivier, Eisenhardt, Peter, Glazebrook, Karl, Helou, George, Malhotra, Sangeeta, Moscardini, Lauro, Newman, Jeffrey A., Ninkov, Zoran, Ressler, Michael, Rhoads, James, Rhodes, Jason, Scolnic, Daniel, Smee, Stephen, Valentino, Francesco, and Wechsler, Risa H. Mon . "ATLAS probe: Breakthrough science of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System". United States. doi:10.1017/pasa.2019.5.
@article{osti_1528920,
title = {ATLAS probe: Breakthrough science of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System},
author = {Wang, Yun and Robberto, Massimo and Dickinson, Mark and Hillenbrand, Lynne A. and Fraser, Wesley and Behroozi, Peter and Brinchmann, Jarle and Chuang, Chia-Hsun and Cimatti, Andrea and Content, Robert and Daddi, Emanuele and Ferguson, Henry C. and Hirata, Christopher and Hudson, Michael J. and Kirkpatrick, J. Davy and Orsi, Alvaro and Ryan, Russell and Shapley, Alice and Ballardini, Mario and Barkhouser, Robert and Bartlett, James and Benjamin, Robert and Chary, Ranga and Conroy, Charlie and Donahue, Megan and Doré, Olivier and Eisenhardt, Peter and Glazebrook, Karl and Helou, George and Malhotra, Sangeeta and Moscardini, Lauro and Newman, Jeffrey A. and Ninkov, Zoran and Ressler, Michael and Rhoads, James and Rhodes, Jason and Scolnic, Daniel and Smee, Stephen and Valentino, Francesco and Wechsler, Risa H.},
abstractNote = {Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe is a concept for a National Aeronautics and Space Administration probe-class space mission that will achieve ground-breaking science in the fields of galaxy evolution, cosmology, Milky Way, and the Solar System. It is the follow-up space mission to Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST), boosting its scientific return by obtaining deep 1–4 μm slit spectroscopy for ~70% of all galaxies imaged by the ~2 000 deg2 WFIRST High Latitude Survey at z > 0.5. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy will measure accurate and precise redshifts for ~200 M galaxies out to z < 7, and deliver spectra that enable a wide range of diagnostic studies of the physical properties of galaxies over most of cosmic history. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe and WFIRST together will produce a 3D map of the Universe over 2 000 deg2, the definitive data sets for studying galaxy evolution, probing dark matter, dark energy and modifications of General Relativity, and quantifying the 3D structure and stellar content of the Milky Way. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe science spans four broad categories: (1) Revolutionising galaxy evolution studies by tracing the relation between galaxies and dark matter from galaxy groups to cosmic voids and filaments, from the epoch of reionisation through the peak era of galaxy assembly; (2) Opening a new window into the dark Universe by weighing the dark matter filaments using 3D weak lensing with spectroscopic redshifts, and obtaining definitive measurements of dark energy and modification of General Relativity using galaxy clustering; (3) Probing the Milky Way’s dust-enshrouded regions, reaching the far side of our Galaxy; and (4) Exploring the formation history of the outer Solar System by characterising Kuiper Belt Objects. Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe is a 1.5 m telescope with a field of view of 0.4 deg2, and uses digital micro-mirror devices as slit selectors. It has a spectroscopic resolution of R = 1 000, and a wavelength range of 1–4 μm. The lack of slit spectroscopy from space over a wide field of view is the obvious gap in current and planned future space missions; Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy fills this big gap with an unprecedented spectroscopic capability based on digital micro-mirror devices (with an estimated spectroscopic multiplex factor greater than 5 000). Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy is designed to fit within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration probe-class space mission cost envelope; it has a single instrument, a telescope aperture that allows for a lighter launch vehicle, and mature technology (we have identified a path for digital micro-mirror devices to reach Technology Readiness Level 6 within 2 yr). In conclusion, Astrophysics Telescope for Large Area Spectroscopy Probe will lead to transformative science over the entire range of astrophysics: from galaxy evolution to the dark Universe, from Solar System objects to the dusty regions of the Milky Way},
doi = {10.1017/pasa.2019.5},
journal = {Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia},
number = ,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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  • Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Looper, Dagny L.; Burgasser, Adam J.
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Nuclear activity versus star formation: emission-line diagnostics at ultraviolet and optical wavelengths
journal, January 2016

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The weak-lensing masses of filaments between luminous red galaxies
journal, March 2017

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The Rest‐Frame Optical Luminosity Functions of Galaxies at 2≤ z ≤3.5
journal, February 2007

  • Marchesini, D.; van Dokkum, P.; Quadri, R.
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Probing Dark Energy with Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations from Future Large Galaxy Redshift Surveys
journal, December 2003

  • Seo, Hee‐Jong; Eisenstein, Daniel J.
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THE FMOS-COSMOS SURVEY OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES AT z ∼ 1.6. III. SURVEY DESIGN, PERFORMANCE, AND SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS
journal, September 2015

  • Silverman, J. D.; Kashino, D.; Sanders, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 220, Issue 1
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THE STRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF THE CIRCUMGALACTIC MEDIUM FROM FAR-ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA OF z ≃ 2-3 GALAXIES
journal, June 2010


On the nature and physical conditions of the luminous Ly α emitter CR7 and its rest-frame UV components
journal, October 2018

  • Sobral, David; Matthee, Jorryt; Brammer, Gabriel
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 482, Issue 2
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A high stellar velocity dispersion for a compact massive galaxy at redshift z = 2.186
journal, August 2009

  • van Dokkum, Pieter G.; Kriek, Mariska; Franx, Marijn
  • Nature, Vol. 460, Issue 7256
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The Infrared Telescope Facility (Irtf) Spectral Library: cool Stars
journal, November 2009

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Physical Characterization of TNOs with the James Webb Space Telescope
journal, January 2016

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A Simple Model for the Absorption of Starlight by Dust in Galaxies
journal, August 2000

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The Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey—Full data Release: the Orbital Structure of the Kuiper belt
journal, September 2011


The Spitzer /GLIMPSE Surveys: A New View of the Milky Way
journal, March 2009

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THE DEEP2 GALAXY REDSHIFT SURVEY: CLUSTERING DEPENDENCE ON GALAXY STELLAR MASS AND STAR FORMATION RATE AT z ∼ 1
journal, March 2013


SDSS J080531.84+481233.0: An Unresolved L Dwarf/T Dwarf Binary
journal, August 2007

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Proton radiation testing of digital micromirror devices for space applications
journal, May 2013

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Evolution of the H β + [O iii] and [O ii] luminosity functions and the [O ii] star formation history of the Universe up to z  ∼ 5 from HiZELS
journal, August 2015

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THE FMOS-COSMOS SURVEY OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES AT z ∼ 1.6. I. Hα-BASED STAR FORMATION RATES AND DUST EXTINCTION
journal, October 2013


Cosmology in the Next Millennium: Combining Microwave Anisotropy Probe and Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data to Constrain Inflationary Models
journal, January 1999

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EMU: Evolutionary Map of the Universe
journal, January 2011

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Detection of the Splashback Radius and halo Assembly bias of Massive Galaxy Clusters
journal, June 2016


The Dust Content and Opacity of Actively Star‐forming Galaxies
journal, April 2000

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THREE NEW COOL BROWN DWARFS DISCOVERED WITH THE WIDE-FIELD INFRARED SURVEY EXPLORER ( WISE ) AND AN IMPROVED SPECTRUM OF THE Y0 DWARF WISE J041022.71+150248.4
journal, April 2014

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CFHTLenS: co-evolution of galaxies and their dark matter haloes
journal, December 2014

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The Luminosity Function and Stellar Evolution.
journal, January 1955

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J1154+2443: a low-redshift compact star-forming galaxy with a 46 per cent leakage of Lyman continuum photons
journal, December 2017

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Predicting emission line fluxes and number counts of distant galaxies for cosmological surveys
journal, September 2017

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An Infrared Spectroscopic Sequence of M, L, and T Dwarfs
journal, April 2005

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The Composition of Centaur 5145 Pholus
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Col-OSSOS: z -Band Photometry Reveals Three Distinct TNO Surface Types
journal, August 2017

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A large Hα survey at z = 2.23, 1.47, 0.84 and 0.40: the 11 Gyr evolution of star-forming galaxies from HiZELS★
journal, November 2012

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The Hubble wide Field Camera 3 test of Surfaces in the Outer Solar System: the Compositional Classes of the Kuiper belt
journal, March 2012


On the Detectability of a Predicted Mesolensing Event Associated with the high Proper Motion star vb 10
journal, March 2012


Resolved Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of wise J104915.57–531906.1ab: a Flux-Reversal Binary at the l Dwarf/T Dwarf Transition
journal, July 2013


Towards more realistic forecasting of dark energy constraints from galaxy redshift surveys
journal, February 2013

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Probing Dark Energy Using Baryonic Oscillations in the Galaxy Power Spectrum as a Cosmological Ruler
journal, September 2003

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Absorption-Line Probes of the Prevalence and Properties of Outflows in Present-Day Star-Forming Galaxies
journal, June 2010

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METAL DEFICIENCY IN CLUSTER STAR-FORMING GALAXIES AT Z = 2
journal, March 2015


The statistical properties of stars and their dependence on metallicity: the effects of opacity
journal, June 2014

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Near-Infrared Spectra of Centaurs and Kuiper belt Objects
journal, November 2007


Infrared Emission from Interstellar Dust. I. Stochastic Heating of Small Grains
journal, April 2001

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A Nongray Theory of Extrasolar Giant Planets and Brown Dwarfs
journal, December 1997

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Neutrino constraints from future nearly all-sky spectroscopic galaxy surveys
journal, March 2011

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Further Defining Spectral type “y” and Exploring the Low-Mass end of the Field Brown Dwarf mass Function
journal, June 2012

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Star Formation in AEGIS Field Galaxies since z  = 1.1: The Dominance of Gradually Declining Star Formation, and the Main Sequence of Star-forming Galaxies
journal, April 2007

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Differentiating dark energy and modified gravity with galaxy redshift surveys
journal, May 2008


Simulations of the WFIRST Supernova Survey and Forecasts of Cosmological Constraints
journal, October 2018


The Size-Virial Radius Relation of Galaxies
journal, February 2013


A unified multiwavelength model of galaxy formation
journal, August 2016

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EVIDENCE FOR PopIII-LIKE STELLAR POPULATIONS IN THE MOST LUMINOUS Ly α EMITTERS AT THE EPOCH OF REIONIZATION: SPECTROSCOPIC CONFIRMATION
journal, July 2015


Predicting Hα emission-line galaxy counts for future galaxy redshift surveys
journal, October 2017

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DISCOVERY OF A GALAXY CLUSTER WITH A VIOLENTLY STARBURSTING CORE AT z = 2.506
journal, August 2016


A test of the nature of cosmic acceleration using galaxy redshift distortions
journal, January 2008


The host dark matter haloes of [O II] emitters at 0.5 < z < 1.5
journal, October 2017

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New Spectral Types L and T
journal, September 2005


How to evade the sample variance limit on measurements of redshift-space distortions
journal, October 2009


Rethinking Competitive Positioning: Customer Value, Flexibility, and Generalist Advantage
journal, August 2017


Evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extrasolar giant planets. The case of HD 209458
journal, April 2003


Spectrophotometric Parallaxes with Linear Models: Accurate Distances for Luminous Red-giant Stars
journal, September 2019

  • Hogg, David W.; Eilers, Anna-Christina; Rix, Hans-Walter
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