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Title: Compact hard x-ray split-delay system based on variable-gap channel-cut crystals

Abstract

We present the concept and a prototypical implementation of a compact x-ray split-delay system that is capable of performing continuous on-the-fly delay scans over a range of ~10 ps with sub-100 nanoradian pointing stability. The system consists of four channel-cut silicon crystals, two of which have gradually varying gap sizes from intentional 5 deg asymmetric cuts. The delay adjustment is realized by linear motions of these two monolithic varying-gap channel cuts, where the x-ray beam experiences pairs of anti-parallel reflections, and thus becomes less sensitive in output beam pointing to motion imperfections of the translation stages. The beam splitting is accomplished by polished crystal edges. A high degree of mutual coherence between the two branches at the focus is observed by analyzing small-angle coherent x-ray scattering patterns. We envision a wide range of applications including single-shot x-ray pulse temporal diagnostics, studies of high-intensity x-ray–matter interactions, as well as measurement of dynamics in disordered material systems using split-pulse x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS)
  3. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE)
  6. RIKEN Spring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan)
  7. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada). Dept of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1528791
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1512528
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-9592
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Sun, Yanwen, Wang, Nan, Song, Sanghoon, Sun, Peihao, Chollet, Matthieu, Sato, Takahiro, van Driel, Tim B., Nelson, Silke, Plumley, Rajan, Montana-Lopez, Jordi, Teitelbaum, Samuel W., Haber, Johann, Hastings, Jerome B., Baron, Alfred Q. R., Sutton, Mark, Fuoss, Paul H., Robert, Aymeric, and Zhu, Diling. Compact hard x-ray split-delay system based on variable-gap channel-cut crystals. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1364/ol.44.002582.
Sun, Yanwen, Wang, Nan, Song, Sanghoon, Sun, Peihao, Chollet, Matthieu, Sato, Takahiro, van Driel, Tim B., Nelson, Silke, Plumley, Rajan, Montana-Lopez, Jordi, Teitelbaum, Samuel W., Haber, Johann, Hastings, Jerome B., Baron, Alfred Q. R., Sutton, Mark, Fuoss, Paul H., Robert, Aymeric, & Zhu, Diling. Compact hard x-ray split-delay system based on variable-gap channel-cut crystals. United States. doi:10.1364/ol.44.002582.
Sun, Yanwen, Wang, Nan, Song, Sanghoon, Sun, Peihao, Chollet, Matthieu, Sato, Takahiro, van Driel, Tim B., Nelson, Silke, Plumley, Rajan, Montana-Lopez, Jordi, Teitelbaum, Samuel W., Haber, Johann, Hastings, Jerome B., Baron, Alfred Q. R., Sutton, Mark, Fuoss, Paul H., Robert, Aymeric, and Zhu, Diling. Wed . "Compact hard x-ray split-delay system based on variable-gap channel-cut crystals". United States. doi:10.1364/ol.44.002582. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1528791.
@article{osti_1528791,
title = {Compact hard x-ray split-delay system based on variable-gap channel-cut crystals},
author = {Sun, Yanwen and Wang, Nan and Song, Sanghoon and Sun, Peihao and Chollet, Matthieu and Sato, Takahiro and van Driel, Tim B. and Nelson, Silke and Plumley, Rajan and Montana-Lopez, Jordi and Teitelbaum, Samuel W. and Haber, Johann and Hastings, Jerome B. and Baron, Alfred Q. R. and Sutton, Mark and Fuoss, Paul H. and Robert, Aymeric and Zhu, Diling},
abstractNote = {We present the concept and a prototypical implementation of a compact x-ray split-delay system that is capable of performing continuous on-the-fly delay scans over a range of ~10 ps with sub-100 nanoradian pointing stability. The system consists of four channel-cut silicon crystals, two of which have gradually varying gap sizes from intentional 5 deg asymmetric cuts. The delay adjustment is realized by linear motions of these two monolithic varying-gap channel cuts, where the x-ray beam experiences pairs of anti-parallel reflections, and thus becomes less sensitive in output beam pointing to motion imperfections of the translation stages. The beam splitting is accomplished by polished crystal edges. A high degree of mutual coherence between the two branches at the focus is observed by analyzing small-angle coherent x-ray scattering patterns. We envision a wide range of applications including single-shot x-ray pulse temporal diagnostics, studies of high-intensity x-ray–matter interactions, as well as measurement of dynamics in disordered material systems using split-pulse x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy.},
doi = {10.1364/ol.44.002582},
journal = {Optics Letters},
number = 10,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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