skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Development of ultrafast capabilities for X-ray free-electron lasers at the linac coherent light source

Abstract

The ability to produce ultrashort, high-brightness X-ray pulses is revolutionizing the field of ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy. Free-electron laser (FEL) facilities are driving this revolution, but unique aspects of the FEL process make the required characterization and use of the pulses challenging. In this paper, we describe a number of developments in the generation of ultrashort X-ray FEL pulses, and the concomitant progress in the experimental capabilities necessary for their characterization and use at the Linac Coherent Light Source. This includes the development of sub-femtosecond hard and soft X-ray pulses, along with ultrafast characterization techniques for these pulses. We also describe improved techniques for optical cross-correlation as needed to address the persistent challenge of external optical laser synchronization with these ultrashort X-ray pulses.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Technische Univ. of Dortmund (Germany). Zentrum für Synchrotronstrahlung; Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching (Germany). Dept. Physik
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1528789
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 377; Journal Issue: 2145; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-503X
Publisher:
The Royal Society Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; X-ray free electron laser; attosecond; electron dynamics; charge migration; attosecond X-ray pulses

Citation Formats

Coffee, Ryan N., Cryan, James P., Duris, Joseph, Helml, Wolfram, Li, Siqi, and Marinelli, Agostino. Development of ultrafast capabilities for X-ray free-electron lasers at the linac coherent light source. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1098/rsta.2018.0386.
Coffee, Ryan N., Cryan, James P., Duris, Joseph, Helml, Wolfram, Li, Siqi, & Marinelli, Agostino. Development of ultrafast capabilities for X-ray free-electron lasers at the linac coherent light source. United States. doi:10.1098/rsta.2018.0386.
Coffee, Ryan N., Cryan, James P., Duris, Joseph, Helml, Wolfram, Li, Siqi, and Marinelli, Agostino. Mon . "Development of ultrafast capabilities for X-ray free-electron lasers at the linac coherent light source". United States. doi:10.1098/rsta.2018.0386. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1528789.
@article{osti_1528789,
title = {Development of ultrafast capabilities for X-ray free-electron lasers at the linac coherent light source},
author = {Coffee, Ryan N. and Cryan, James P. and Duris, Joseph and Helml, Wolfram and Li, Siqi and Marinelli, Agostino},
abstractNote = {The ability to produce ultrashort, high-brightness X-ray pulses is revolutionizing the field of ultrafast X-ray spectroscopy. Free-electron laser (FEL) facilities are driving this revolution, but unique aspects of the FEL process make the required characterization and use of the pulses challenging. In this paper, we describe a number of developments in the generation of ultrashort X-ray FEL pulses, and the concomitant progress in the experimental capabilities necessary for their characterization and use at the Linac Coherent Light Source. This includes the development of sub-femtosecond hard and soft X-ray pulses, along with ultrafast characterization techniques for these pulses. We also describe improved techniques for optical cross-correlation as needed to address the persistent challenge of external optical laser synchronization with these ultrashort X-ray pulses.},
doi = {10.1098/rsta.2018.0386},
journal = {Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
number = 2145,
volume = 377,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy
journal, October 2002

  • Drescher, M.; Hentschel, M.; Kienberger, R.
  • Nature, Vol. 419, Issue 6909
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01143

Proposal for Intense Attosecond Radiation from an X-Ray Free-Electron Laser
journal, June 2004


Time-and-energy resolved measurement of the cascaded Auger decay in krypton
journal, June 2011


Isolated terawatt attosecond hard X-ray pulse generated from single current spike
journal, May 2018


The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers
journal, March 2016


Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses with angular streaking
journal, January 2018

  • Li, Siqi; Guo, Zhaoheng; Coffee, Ryan N.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.26.004531

Attosecond molecular dynamics: fact or fiction?
journal, February 2014

  • Lépine, Franck; Ivanov, Misha Y.; Vrakking, Marc J. J.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.25

Two-colour hard X-ray free-electron laser with wide tunability
journal, December 2013

  • Hara, Toru; Inubushi, Yuichi; Katayama, Tetsuo
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3919

Control of the Lasing Slice by Transverse Mismatch in an X-Ray Free-Electron Laser
journal, August 2018


Achieving few-femtosecond time-sorting at hard X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, February 2013


Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise
journal, July 1994


Attosecond Ionization and Tunneling Delay Time Measurements in Helium
journal, December 2008


Angular streaking and sideband formation in rotating terahertz and far-infrared fields
journal, April 2017

  • Kazansky, A. K.; Sazhina, I. P.; Nosik, V. L.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/aa69e9

Time-resolved pump-probe experiments at the LCLS
journal, January 2010

  • Glownia, James M.; Cryan, J.; Andreasson, J.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.017620

Accurate prediction of X-ray pulse properties from a free-electron laser using machine learning
journal, June 2017

  • Sanchez-Gonzalez, A.; Micaelli, P.; Olivier, C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15461

Attosecond science
journal, June 2007

  • Corkum, P. B.; Krausz, Ferenc
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys620

Fourier-transform inelastic X-ray scattering from time- and momentum-dependent phonon–phonon correlations
journal, October 2013

  • Trigo, M.; Fuchs, M.; Chen, J.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2788

Two-color operation of a free-electron laser with a tilted beam
journal, May 2016


Suppression of microbunching instability in the linac coherent light source
journal, July 2004

  • Huang, Z.; Borland, M.; Emma, P.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.7.074401

Few-femtosecond time-resolved measurements of X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, April 2014

  • Behrens, C.; Decker, F. -J.; Ding, Y.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4762

Some aspects of the thermal conductivity of isotopically enriched diamond single crystals
journal, May 1992


Exact and variational solutions of 3D eigenmodes in high gain FELs
journal, May 2000

  • Xie, Ming
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 445, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00114-5

Circularly-polarized laser-assisted photoionization spectra of argon for attosecond pulse measurements
journal, January 2005


Dispersion-Based Fresh-Slice Scheme for Free-Electron Lasers
journal, June 2018


Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses
journal, November 1997

  • Constant, Eric; Taranukhin, Vladimir D.; Stolow, Albert
  • Physical Review A, Vol. 56, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.56.3870

Multicolor Operation and Spectral Control in a Gain-Modulated X-Ray Free-Electron Laser
journal, September 2013


Sub-femtosecond precision measurement of relative X-ray arrival time for free-electron lasers
journal, July 2014


Collective instabilities and high-gain regime in a free electron laser
journal, July 1984


Attosecond chronoscopy of photoemission
journal, August 2015

  • Pazourek, Renate; Nagele, Stefan; Burgdörfer, Joachim
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 87, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.87.765

Angular streaking of Auger-electrons by THz field
journal, January 2019

  • Kazansky, A. K.; Sazhina, I. P.; Kabachnik, N. M.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 52, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/aafa33

Femtosecond all-optical synchronization of an X-ray free-electron laser
journal, January 2015

  • Schulz, S.; Grguraš, I.; Behrens, C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6938

Attosecond time–energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses
journal, March 2018


Probing ultrafast ππ*/nπ* internal conversion in organic chromophores via K-edge resonant absorption
journal, June 2017


Quantum Theory of Attosecond XUV Pulse Measurement by Laser Dressed Photoionization
journal, April 2002


Time-and-energy-resolved measurement of Auger cascades following Kr 3d excitation by attosecond pulses
journal, November 2011


On a linear theory of an FEL amplifier with an axisymmetric electron beam
journal, March 1993


Generating femtosecond X-ray pulses using an emittance-spoiling foil in free-electron lasers
journal, November 2015

  • Ding, Y.; Behrens, C.; Coffee, R.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4935429

Femtosecond profiling of shaped x-ray pulses
journal, March 2018


Femtosecond and Subfemtosecond X-Ray Pulses from a Self-Amplified Spontaneous-Emission–Based Free-Electron Laser
journal, February 2004


The generation, characterization and applications of broadband isolated attosecond pulses
journal, February 2014


Measurements of the linac coherent light source laser heater and its impact on the x-ray free-electron laser performance
journal, February 2010

  • Huang, Z.; Brachmann, A.; Decker, F. -J.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 13, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.020703

Measurements and Simulations of Ultralow Emittance and Ultrashort Electron Beams in the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, June 2009


Generation of attosecond x-ray pulses with a multicycle two-color enhanced self-amplified spontaneous emission scheme
journal, June 2009


Toward the Generation of an Isolated TW-Attosecond X-ray Pulse in XFEL
journal, September 2018

  • Parc, Yong; Shim, Chi; Kim, Dong
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.3390/app8091588

Spectral encoding method for measuring the relative arrival time between x-ray/optical pulses
journal, August 2014

  • Bionta, M. R.; Hartmann, N.; Weaver, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4893657

Reading diffraction images in strong field ionization of diatomic molecules
journal, May 2004

  • Spanner, Michael; Smirnova, Olga; Corkum, Paul B.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 37, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/37/12/L02

Fresh-slice multicolour X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, October 2016

  • Lutman, Alberto A.; Maxwell, Timothy J.; MacArthur, James P.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 10, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2016.201

The von Neumann picture: a new representation for ultrashort laser pulses
journal, January 2007

  • Fechner, Susanne; Dimler, Frank; Brixner, Tobias
  • Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.15.015387

Ultrafast correlation-driven electron dynamics
journal, June 2014

  • Kuleff, Alexander I.; Cederbaum, Lorenz S.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/47/12/124002

First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser
journal, August 2010


What will it take to observe processes in 'real time'?
journal, February 2014

  • Leone, Stephen R.; McCurdy, C. William; Burgdörfer, Joachim
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.48

Self-amplified spontaneous emission FEL with energy-chirped electron beam and its application for generation of attosecond x-ray pulses
journal, May 2006

  • Saldin, E. L.; Schneidmiller, E. A.; Yurkov, M. V.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.9.050702

Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain
journal, November 2014


Experimental demonstration of a single-spike hard-X-ray free-electron laser starting from noise
journal, October 2017

  • Marinelli, A.; MacArthur, J.; Emma, P.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 111, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4990716

Ultrashort Free-Electron Laser X-ray Pulses
journal, September 2017

  • Helml, Wolfram; Grguraš, Ivanka; Juranić, Pavle
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.3390/app7090915

High-precision x-ray FEL pulse arrival time measurements at SACLA by a THz streak camera with Xe clusters
journal, January 2014

  • Juranić, P. N.; Stepanov, A.; Ischebeck, R.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.030004

A co-axial velocity map imaging spectrometer for electrons
journal, November 2018

  • Li, S.; Champenois, E. G.; Coffee, R.
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5046192

Laser Femtochemistry
journal, December 1988


Ultrafast X-ray Auger probing of photoexcited molecular dynamics
journal, June 2014

  • McFarland, B. K.; Farrell, J. P.; Miyabe, S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5235

X-ray pulse preserving single-shot optical cross-correlation method for improved experimental temporal resolution
journal, March 2012

  • Beye, M.; Krupin, O.; Hays, G.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3695164

X-ray–optical cross-correlator for gas-phase experiments at the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron laser
journal, March 2012

  • Schorb, S.; Gorkhover, T.; Cryan, J. P.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3695163

First-Principles Determination of Ultrahigh Thermal Conductivity of Boron Arsenide: A Competitor for Diamond?
journal, July 2013


Time-domain analysis of attosecond pulse generation in an x-ray free-electron laser
journal, November 2018


Experimental Demonstration of Femtosecond Two-Color X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers
journal, March 2013


Optical Shaping of X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers
journal, June 2016


Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers
journal, November 2012


Electron spectroscopy for atoms, molecules, and condensed matter
journal, July 1982


Two-bunch operation with ns temporal separation at the FERMI FEL facility
journal, May 2018

  • Penco, Giuseppe; Allaria, Enrico; Bassanese, Silvano
  • New Journal of Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aac059

Interference effects in angular streaking with a rotating terahertz field
journal, January 2016


Single-shot pulse duration monitor for extreme ultraviolet and X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, April 2013

  • Riedel, R.; Al-Shemmary, A.; Gensch, M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2754

Core Ionization Initiates Subfemtosecond Charge Migration in the Valence Shell of Molecules
journal, August 2016


Generating Single-Spike Hard X-Ray Pulses with Nonlinear Bunch Compression in Free-Electron Lasers
journal, October 2017


Widely tunable two-colour seeded free-electron laser source for resonant-pump resonant-probe magnetic scattering
journal, January 2016

  • Ferrari, Eugenio; Spezzani, Carlo; Fortuna, Franck
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10343

High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser
journal, March 2015

  • Marinelli, A.; Ratner, D.; Lutman, A. A.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7369

Light-field streaking for FELs
journal, November 2011


Femtosecond x-ray pulse length characterization at the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron laser
journal, September 2011


Method of an enhanced self-amplified spontaneous emission for x-ray free electron lasers
journal, April 2005