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Title: Spin Stripe Order in a Square Planar Trilayer Nickelate

Abstract

In this study, trilayer nickelates, which exhibit a high degree of orbital polarization combined with an electron count ( d 8.67) corresponding to overdoped cuprates, have been identified as a promising candidate platform for achieving high- Tc superconductivity. One such material, La 4Ni 3O 8, undergoes a semiconductor-insulator transition at ∼105 K, which was recently shown to arise from the formation of charge stripes. However, an outstanding issue has been the origin of an anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility at the transition and whether it signifies the formation of spin stripes akin to single layer nickelates. Here we report single crystal neutron diffraction measurements (both polarized and unpolarized) that establish that the ground state is indeed magnetic. The ordering is modeled as antiferromagnetic spin stripes that are commensurate with the charge stripes, the magnetic ordering occurring in individual trilayers that are essentially uncorrelated along the crystallographic c axis. Lastly, a comparison of the charge and spin stripe order parameters reveals that, in contrast to single-layer nickelates such as La 2-xSr xNiO 4 as well as related quasi-2D oxides including manganites, cobaltates, and cuprates, these orders uniquely appear simultaneously, thus demonstrating a stronger coupling between spin and charge than in thesemore » related low-dimensional correlated oxides.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [4];  [8];  [6];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  5. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
  6. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  7. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  8. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1528697
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546408
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Zhang, Junjie, Pajerowski, Daniel M., Botana, Antia S., Zheng, Hong, Harriger, Leland W., Rodriguez-Rivera, J A., Ruff, Jacob P. C., Schreiber, N. J., Wang, Bixia, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Chen, W. C., Norman, M. R., Rosenkranz, Stephen, Mitchell, John F., and Phelan, Daniel. Spin Stripe Order in a Square Planar Trilayer Nickelate. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.247201.
Zhang, Junjie, Pajerowski, Daniel M., Botana, Antia S., Zheng, Hong, Harriger, Leland W., Rodriguez-Rivera, J A., Ruff, Jacob P. C., Schreiber, N. J., Wang, Bixia, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Chen, W. C., Norman, M. R., Rosenkranz, Stephen, Mitchell, John F., & Phelan, Daniel. Spin Stripe Order in a Square Planar Trilayer Nickelate. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.247201.
Zhang, Junjie, Pajerowski, Daniel M., Botana, Antia S., Zheng, Hong, Harriger, Leland W., Rodriguez-Rivera, J A., Ruff, Jacob P. C., Schreiber, N. J., Wang, Bixia, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Chen, W. C., Norman, M. R., Rosenkranz, Stephen, Mitchell, John F., and Phelan, Daniel. Tue . "Spin Stripe Order in a Square Planar Trilayer Nickelate". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.247201.
@article{osti_1528697,
title = {Spin Stripe Order in a Square Planar Trilayer Nickelate},
author = {Zhang, Junjie and Pajerowski, Daniel M. and Botana, Antia S. and Zheng, Hong and Harriger, Leland W. and Rodriguez-Rivera, J A. and Ruff, Jacob P. C. and Schreiber, N. J. and Wang, Bixia and Chen, Yu-Sheng and Chen, W. C. and Norman, M. R. and Rosenkranz, Stephen and Mitchell, John F. and Phelan, Daniel},
abstractNote = {In this study, trilayer nickelates, which exhibit a high degree of orbital polarization combined with an electron count (d8.67) corresponding to overdoped cuprates, have been identified as a promising candidate platform for achieving high-Tc superconductivity. One such material, La4Ni3O8, undergoes a semiconductor-insulator transition at ∼105 K, which was recently shown to arise from the formation of charge stripes. However, an outstanding issue has been the origin of an anomaly in the magnetic susceptibility at the transition and whether it signifies the formation of spin stripes akin to single layer nickelates. Here we report single crystal neutron diffraction measurements (both polarized and unpolarized) that establish that the ground state is indeed magnetic. The ordering is modeled as antiferromagnetic spin stripes that are commensurate with the charge stripes, the magnetic ordering occurring in individual trilayers that are essentially uncorrelated along the crystallographic c axis. Lastly, a comparison of the charge and spin stripe order parameters reveals that, in contrast to single-layer nickelates such as La2-xSrxNiO4 as well as related quasi-2D oxides including manganites, cobaltates, and cuprates, these orders uniquely appear simultaneously, thus demonstrating a stronger coupling between spin and charge than in these related low-dimensional correlated oxides.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.122.247201},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 24,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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